Edward P Lin, Shwetta Bhatt, Deborah Rubens, Vikram S Dogra
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the importance of monophasic waveforms encountered in the common femoral vein during deep venous thrombosis evaluation by a retrospective review of lower extremity venous Doppler (VD) sonography and correlative studies, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of lower extremity VD studies performed from September 1, 2000, through September 1, 2005...
July 2007: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Jorge Pedraza García, Joaquín Valle Alonso, Pedro Ceballos García, Francisca Rico Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel Aguayo López, María Del Carmen Muñoz-Villanueva
BACKGROUND: Compression ultrasonography is the most effective diagnostic tool in the emergency department (ED) for the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). It has been demonstrated to be highly accurate and cost-effective. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of emergency physicians who performed three-point compression ultrasound (US) for suspected above-knee DVT within the context of using Wells score and D-dimer. METHOD: This was a prospective diagnostic test assessment of three-point ultrasound conducted in a district general hospital of patients who presented to the ED with suspected DVT of the lower limb...
May 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Gualtiero Palareti, Benilde Cosmi, Gianfranco Lessiani, Giuseppina Rodorigo, Giuliana Guazzaloca, Carlotta Brusi, Lelia Valdré, Eleonora Conti, Michelangelo Sartori, Cristina Legnani
The natural history of calf deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) is still uncertain and it is debated whether it warrants to be diagnosed and treated. We aimed to investigate the complication rate of untreated isolated calf DVT (ICDVT). Symptomatic outpatients were prospectively managed with serial compression ultrasonography (SCUS). Those without proximal DVT and with likely pre-test clinical probability (PCP) or altered D-dimer received immediate subsequent complete examination of calf deep veins (CCUS) by a different operator...
November 2010: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Pierre D Kory, Crescens M Pellecchia, Ariel L Shiloh, Paul H Mayo, Christopher DiBello, Seth Koenig
BACKGROUND: DVT is common among critically ill patients. A rapid and accurate diagnosis is essential for patient care. We assessed the accuracy and timeliness of intensivist-performed compression ultrasonography studies (IP-CUS) for proximal lower extremity DVT (PLEDVT) by comparing results with the formal vascular study (FVS) performed by ultrasonography technicians and interpreted by radiologists. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective review of IP-CUS examinations performed in an ICU by pulmonary and critical care fellows and attending physicians...
March 2011: Chest
Gualtiero Palareti
Thromboses limited to infrapopliteal leg deep veins (isolated distal deep vein thrombosis [IDDVT]) are frequently diagnosed in subjects with suspected pulmonary embolism or DVT and account for one-fourth to one-half of all diagnosed leg DVTs. Despite their frequency, the natural history of IDDVTs and their real risk of thromboembolic complications are still uncertain because of the scarcity of prospective, blind, nonintervention studies. Therefore it is still debated whether they warrant diagnosis and treatment...
March 20, 2014: Blood
Garth H Utter, Tejveer S Dhillon, Edgardo S Salcedo, Daniel J Shouldice, Cassandra L Reynolds, Misty D Humphries, Richard H White
IMPORTANCE: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) isolated to the calf veins (distal to the popliteal vein) is frequently detected with duplex ultrasonography and may result in proximal thrombosis or pulmonary embolism (PE). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether therapeutic anticoagulation is associated with a decreased risk for proximal DVT or PE after diagnosis of an isolated calf DVT. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: All adult patients with ultrasonographic detection of an isolated calf DVT from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2013, at the Vascular Laboratory of the University of California, Davis, Medical Center were included...
September 21, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Srikar Adhikari, Wes Zeger, Christopher Thom, J Matthew Fields
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Two-point compression ultrasonography focuses on the evaluation of common femoral and popliteal veins for complete compressibility. The presence of isolated thrombi in proximal veins other than the common femoral and popliteal veins should prompt modification of 2-point compression technique. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and distribution of deep venous thrombi isolated to lower-extremity veins other than the common femoral and popliteal veins in emergency department (ED) patients with clinically suspected deep venous thrombosis...
September 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kuldeep Singh, Danny Yakoub, Paul Giangola, Michael DeCicca, Chirag A Patel, Farouk Marzouk, Gary Giangola
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of isolated calf vein thrombosis (ICVT) remains controversial. Several studies have shown that the majority of ICVT do not propagate above the knee while other studies have suggested ICVT propagation and recommend full anticoagulation. The purpose of this study was to determine the progression of ICVT, identify risk factors for clot propagation, and to evaluate further thrombotic events associated with it. METHODS: This study consisted of 156 patients and a total of 180 limbs...
January 2012: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Jonathan G Crisp, Luis M Lovato, Timothy B Jang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Compression ultrasonography of the lower extremity is an established method of detecting proximal lower extremity deep venous thrombosis when performed by a certified operator in a vascular laboratory. Our objective is to determine the sensitivity and specificity of bedside 2-point compression ultrasonography performed in the emergency department (ED) with portable vascular ultrasonography for the detection of proximal lower extremity deep venous thrombosis. We did this by directly comparing emergency physician-performed ultrasonography to lower extremity duplex ultrasonography performed by the Department of Radiology...
December 2010: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Thomas Schwarz, Lutz Buschmann, Jan Beyer, Kai Halbritter, Aljosha Rastan, Sebastian Schellong
BACKGROUND: Treatment of isolated calf muscle vein thrombosis (ICMVT) is controversial. There are no data from prospective, controlled studies. Objective of this article was to compare the efficacy and safety of a short-term course of anticoagulation with compression therapy alone. METHODS: We prospectively randomized patients with symptomatic, sonographically proven ICMVT in the soleal and/or gastrocnemial muscle veins in two treatment arms. The first received low-molecular-weight heparin for 10 days at therapeutic dosage (nadroparin 180 anti-activated factor X units once daily) and compression therapy for three months, and the second received compression therapy alone...
November 2010: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Enrico Bernardi, Giuseppe Camporese, Harry R Büller, Sergio Siragusa, Davide Imberti, Arrigo Berchio, Angelo Ghirarduzzi, Fabio Verlato, Raffaela Anastasio, Carolina Prati, Andrea Piccioli, Raffaele Pesavento, Carlo Bova, Patrizia Maltempi, Nello Zanatta, Alberto Cogo, Roberto Cappelli, Eugenio Bucherini, Stefano Cuppini, Franco Noventa, Paolo Prandoni
CONTEXT: Patients with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities are usually investigated with ultrasonography either by the proximal veins (2-point ultrasonography) or the entire deep vein system (whole-leg ultrasonography). The latter approach is thought to be better based on its ability to detect isolated calf vein thrombosis; however, it requires skilled operators and is mainly available only during working hours. No randomized comparisons are yet available evaluating the relative values of these 2 strategies...
October 8, 2008: JAMA
Patrick R Burnside, Michael D Brown, Jeffrey A Kline
OBJECTIVES: The authors performed a systematic review to evaluate published literature on diagnostic performance of emergency physician-performed ultrasonography (EPPU) for the diagnosis and exclusion of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). METHODS: Structured search criteria were used to query MEDLINE and EMBASE, followed by a hand search of published bibliographies. Relevance and inclusion criteria required prospective investigation of emergency department (ED) outpatients with suspected DVT; diagnostic evaluations had to consist of EPPU followed by criterion standard (radiology-performed) imaging...
June 2008: Academic Emergency Medicine
Jeffrey A Kline, Patrick M O'Malley, Vivek S Tayal, Gregory R Snead, Alice M Mitchell
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Emergency clinician-performed ultrasonography holds promise as a rapid and accurate method to diagnose and exclude deep venous thrombosis. However, the diagnostic accuracy of emergency clinician-performed ultrasonography performed by a heterogenous group of clinicians remains undefined. METHODS: Prospective, single-center study conducted at an urban, academic emergency department (ED). Clinician participants included ED faculty, supervised residents, and midlevel providers who completed a training course for above-calf, 3-point-compression, venous ultrasonography...
October 2008: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Daniel Theodoro, Michael Blaivas, Sandeep Duggal, Graham Snyder, Michael Lucas
We hypothesize that EPs can decrease the time to disposition when performing examinations for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) compared with disposition times using imaging specialists (IS). We performed a prospective, single-blind observational study at an academic ED over the course of 1 year. Patients were enrolled based on study physician availability. EPs ordered the corroborative ultrasound, then performed their own examination. EPs recorded patient triage time, ED results, and disposition times for both EP and IS departments...
May 2004: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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