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18 papers 0 to 25 followers
Daniel J Kim, Mario Francispragasam, Gavin Docherty, Byron Silver, Ross Prager, Donna Lee, David Maberley
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) have reported high sensitivities and specificities for retinal detachment (RD). Our primary objective was to assess the test characteristics of POCUS performed by a large heterogeneous group of emergency physicians (EPs) for the diagnosis of RD. METHODS: This was a prospective diagnostic test assessment of POCUS performed by EPs with varying ultrasound experience on a convenience sample of emergency department (ED) patients presenting with flashes or floaters in one or both eyes...
January 2019: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Li-Juan Wang, Li-Min Chen, Ying Chen, Li-Yang Bao, Nan-Nan Zheng, Yu-Zhi Wang, Ying-Qi Xing
Importance: The crtierion standard method for monitoring intracranial pressure (ICP) can result in complications and pain. Hence, noninvasive, repeatable methods would be valuable. Objective: To examine how ultrasonographic optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) correlated with noninvasive and dynamically monitored ICP changes. Design, Setting, and Participants: The ONSD was measured before the lumbar puncture (LP) in 60 patients on admission...
March 1, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
Mohd Raffiz, Jafri M Abdullah
INTRODUCTION: Bedside ultrasound measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is emerging as a non-invasive technique to evaluate and predict raised intracranial pressure (ICP). It has been shown in previous literature that ONSD measurement has good correlation with surrogate findings of raised ICP such as clinical and radiological findings suggestive of raised ICP. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to find a correlation between sonographic measurements of ONSD value with ICP value measured via the gold standard invasive intracranial ICP catheter, and to find the cut-off value of ONSD measurement in predicting raised ICP, along with its sensitivity and specificity value...
January 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Dachuan Liu, Zhen Li, Xuxiang Zhang, Liping Zhao, Jianping Jia, Fei Sun, Yaxing Wang, Daqing Ma, Wenbin Wei
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonograpic retrobulbar optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement is considered to be an alternative noninvasive method to estimate intracranial pressure,but the further validation is urgently needed. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association of the ultrasonographic ONSD and intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients. METHODS: One hundred and ten patients whose intracranial pressure measured via lumbar puncture were enrolled in the study...
September 29, 2017: BMC Neurology
Nicola Baker, Richard Amini, Elaine H Situ-LaCasse, Josie Acuña, Tomas Nuño, Uwe Stolz, Srikar Adhikari
STUDY OBJECTIVE: There is significant overlap between the symptoms of patients presenting with retinal detachment (RD) and posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Urgency to obtain consultation and treatment are dependent on the ability to accurately distinguish these two conditions. The objective of this study was to determine the ability of emergency physicians to differentiate RDs from PVDs using point-of-care (POC) ocular ultrasound. METHODS: Single blinded cross-sectional study at an academic medical center...
May 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Julie Dubourg, Etienne Javouhey, Thomas Geeraerts, Mahmoud Messerer, Behrouz Kassai
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) for assessment of intracranial hypertension. METHODS: Systematic review without language restriction based on electronic databases, with manual review of literature and conference proceedings until July 2010. Studies were eligible if they compared ultrasonography of ONSD with intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring. Data were extracted independently by three authors...
July 2011: Intensive Care Medicine
Aaron Harries, Sachita Shah, Nathan Teismann, Daniel Price, Arun Nagdev
We present the case of a 26-year-old man with significant periorbital trauma after blunt head trauma. Ultrasound techniques for evaluation of extraocular movements and pupillary light reflex are described as a proposed adjunct to physical examination and manual retraction of the eyelids.
October 2010: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Pedro J Roque, Teresa S Wu, Laura Barth, Dave Drachman, Kai-Ning Khor, Frank Lovecchio, Stephan Stapczynski
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether dilation of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), as detected at the bedside by emergency ultrasound (US), could reliably correlate with patient blood pressure and whether there was a blood pressure cutoff point where you would start to see abnormal dilation in the ONSD. METHODS: This was a single-blinded, prospective, observational trial from September 2010 to April 2011. One hundred fifty patients presenting to the emergency department were enrolled...
October 2012: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
M Blaivas
The number of potential uses of emergency department (ED) ultrasound is growing. This brief report describes its use in two ED patients who presented with acute ocular pathology. The diagnoses were quickly made with ED ultrasound, and subsequently confirmed with more traditional methods of ocular evaluation.
August 2000: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Venkatakrishna Rajajee, Monique Vanaman, Jeffrey James Fletcher, Teresa Lee Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Optic nerve ultrasonography (ONUS) may help identify raised intracranial pressure (ICP). The optimal optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) cut-off for the identification of intracranial hypertension has not been established, with some clinical studies suggesting a higher cut-off than may be expected on the basis of prior laboratory investigation. OBJECTIVE: To validate ONUS performed by neurointensivists as a technique for the detection of intracranial hypertension and identify the optimal ONSD criterion for the detection of ICP > 20 mmHg...
December 2011: Neurocritical Care
Roxana Yoonessi, Aliasgher Hussain, Timothy B Jang
OBJECTIVES: Acute retinal detachments (RD) can be difficult to diagnose and may require emergent intervention. This study was designed to assess the performance of emergency department ocular ultrasound (EOUS) for the diagnosis of RD. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study using a convenience sample of emergency department (ED) patients. Physicians performed EOUS for the diagnosis of RD prior to evaluation by an ophthalmologist. The criterion standard was the diagnosis of a RD by the ophthalmologist who was blinded to the results of EOUS...
September 2010: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Robert Major, Simon Girling, Adrian Boyle
BACKGROUND: To assess if ultrasound measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) can accurately predict the presence of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) and acute pathology in patients in the emergency department. METHODS: This 3-month prospective observational study used ultrasound to measure the ONSD in adult patients who required CT from the emergency department. The mean ONSD from both eyes was measured using a 7.5 MHz ultrasound probe on closed eyelids...
August 2011: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Riccardo Moretti, Barbara Pizzi, Fabrizio Cassini, Nicoletta Vivaldi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study is to confirm the reliability of optic nerve ultrasound as a method to detect intracranial hypertension in patients with spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage, to assess the reproducibility of the measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), and to verify that ONSD changes concurrently with intracranial pressure (ICP) variations. METHODS: Sixty-three adult patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (n = 34) or primary intracerebral hemorrhage (n = 29) requiring sedation and invasive ICP monitoring were enrolled in a 10-bed multivalent ICU...
December 2009: Neurocritical Care
Zachary Shinar, Linda Chan, Michael Orlinsky
BACKGROUND: Retinal detachment is an ocular emergency posing diagnostic difficulty for the emergency practitioner. Direct fundoscopy and visual field testing are difficult to perform and do not completely rule out retinal detachment. Ophthalmologists use ocular ultrasound to enhance their clinical acumen in detecting retinal detachments (RD), and bedside ultrasound capability is readily available to many emergency practitioners (EP). STUDY OBJECTIVE: Our study sought to assess whether ocular ultrasound would be a helpful adjunct for the diagnosis of RD for the practicing EP...
January 2011: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Michael B Stone
Bedside ultrasound has been used to identify intracranial hypertension through the measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter. This case report describes the sonographic detection of papilledema and a wide optic nerve sheath in a patient with pseudotumor cerebri who presented to the Emergency Department with headache and photophobia, and in whom fundoscopy was poorly tolerated. Bedside ultrasound may represent an alternate means of assessing for papilledema when a traditional fundoscopic exam is non-diagnostic...
March 2009: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Heidi Harbison Kimberly, Sachita Shah, Keith Marill, Vicki Noble
BACKGROUND: Measurements of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) using bedside ultrasound (US) have been shown to correlate with clinical and radiologic signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure (ICP). OBJECTIVES: Previous literature has identified 5 mm as the ONSD measurement above which patients exhibit either clinical or radiologic signs of elevated ICP. The goals of this study were to evaluate the association between ONSD and ICP and to validate the commonly used ONSD threshold of 5 mm using direct measurements of ICP as measured by ventriculostomy...
February 2008: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Vivek S Tayal, Matthew Neulander, H James Norton, Troy Foster, Timothy Saunders, Michael Blaivas
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to determine whether a bedside ultrasonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter can accurately predict the computed tomographic (CT) findings of elevated intracranial pressure in adult head injury patients in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, blinded observational study on adult ED patients with suspected intracranial injury with possible elevated intracranial pressure. Exclusion criteria were age younger than 18 years or obvious ocular trauma...
April 2007: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Deepak G Bedi, Daniel S Gombos, Chaan S Ng, Sanjay Singh
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to show how sonography can reveal pathology of the eye and to highlight its usefulness as a simple and cost-effective tool in investigating eye symptoms. CONCLUSION: The cystic nature of the eye, its superficial location, and high-frequency transducers make it possible to clearly show normal anatomy and pathology such as tumors, retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, foreign bodies, and vascular malformations. Sonography is useful as a treatment follow-up technique because it has no adverse effects...
October 2006: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
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