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Gilat L Grunau, Alison Harris, Jean Buckley, Nicole J Todd
OBJECTIVE: Accuracy of ultrasound in diagnosis of ovarian torsion remains controversial, with some studies reporting correct diagnosis in only 23% to 66% of cases. Normal Doppler flow does not necessarily exclude an ovarian torsion; in fact, it may lead to missing the diagnosis and has been show to delay management. The objective of our study was to assess sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound diagnosis of ovarian torsion and to analyze the factors contributing to correct and incorrect diagnosis...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Brian B Morgan, Amanda Kao, Stacy A Trent, Nicole Hurst, Lauren Oliveira, Andrea L Austin, John L Kendall
OBJECTIVES: We sought to confirm retrospective studies that measured an approximately 20% reduction in emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) in early-gestation pregnant women who receive emergency physician-performed point-of-care ultrasound (US) examinations rather than radiology department-performed US examinations for evaluation of intrauterine pregnancy (IUP). METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was performed at an urban academic safety net hospital and 2 Naval medical centers in the United States...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Sarah E Frasure, Joshua S Rempell, Vicki E Noble, Andrew S Liteplo
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an exaggerated response to ovulation induction therapy. It is a known complication of ovarian stimulation in patients undergoing treatment for infertility. As assisted reproductive technology and the use of ovulation induction agents expands, it is likely that there will be more cases of OHSS presenting to the Emergency Department (ED). OBJECTIVES: OHSS has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, from mild abdominal pain to severe cases where there is increased vascular permeability leading to significant fluid accumulation in body cavities and interstitial space...
August 2012: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Reuven Mashiach, Nir Melamed, Noa Gilad, Gadi Ben-Shitrit, Israel Meizner
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of sonographic diagnosis of ovarian torsion and the predictive value of typical sonographic signs. METHODS: The study included 63 women attending an ultrasound unit of a tertiary obstetrics and gynecology department in 2002 through 2008 who had suspected ovarian torsion on sonography and subsequently underwent laparoscopy. RESULTS: Sonography had diagnostic accuracy of 74...
September 2011: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Lil Valentin
This article summarises the ultrasound features of a number of gynaecological emergencies: ectopic pregnancy, haemorrhagic corpus luteum, twisted adnexa, pelvic inflammatory disease, acute myoma necrosis, haematocolpos and haematometra. The basis of all diagnosis in women with acute gynaecological conditions is history and clinical examination. An ultrasound examination should only be performed if it is likely to provide information that would change the likelihood of the diagnosis suspected on the basis of clinical data...
October 2009: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Vivek S Tayal, Christopher A Crean, H James Norton, Christian J Schulz, Katrina N Bacalis, Susan Bliss
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that a sonographic bimanual examination (SBME) would improve confidence in the pelvic examination in adult nonpregnant women with lower abdominal conditions compared to a traditional digital bimanual examination (DBME). METHODS: In a prospective comparative study at an urban regional emergency department, an ultrasound-trained group of emergency clinicians performed both an SBME and a DBME on 30 women who required a DBME as part of their evaluation...
August 2008: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Srikar Adhikari, Michael Blaivas, Matthew Lyon
Tubo-ovarian Abscess (TOA) is a complication of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) requiring admission, i.v. antibiotics and, possibly, aspiration or surgery. The purpose of this study was to describe the role of emergency department (ED) bedside transvaginal ultrasonography (US) in the diagnosis of TOA. This was a retrospective review of non-pregnant ED patients presenting with pelvic pain who were diagnosed with TOA using bedside transvaginal US. ED US examinations were performed by emergency medicine residents and ultrasound-credentialed attending physicians within 1 h after clinical assessment...
May 2008: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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