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Surgical Pathology

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35 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Jose M. Barria Castro MD from Panama
Gunsu Kimyon Comert, Nazmiye Dincer, Alp Usubutun
AIM: To identify the value of processing multiple sections to detect metastasis in lymph nodes (LNs) dissected during gynecologic cancer surgery, and to evaluate the sizes of metastatic LNs in each region to compare with the largest one. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 362 patients who had gynecologic cancer with at least one metastatic LN. Slides of 627 metastatic LN specimens were categorized according to the processing technique into single and more than one section (MOS) groups...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
W Glenn McCluggage
Accurate staging of cancers is an important determinant of prognosis and guides optimal patient treatment. Although the International Collaboration on Cancer Reporting recommends that endometrial cancers (including carcinosarcomas) are pathologically staged using the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2009 system, in many areas TNM [American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) or Union for International Cancer Control (UICC)] staging is used or even mandated; these latter systems are based on FIGO 2009...
March 2018: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
Mark H Stoler, Thomas C Wright, Alex Ferenczy, James Ranger-Moore, Qijun Fang, Monesh Kapadia, Ruediger Ridder
The diagnosis of squamous intraepithelial lesions in cervical tissue specimens is subject to substantial variability. Adjunctive immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for p16 has been shown to add objective biomarker information to morphologic interpretation of hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained tissues. In the CERvical Tissue AdjunctIve aNalysis (CERTAIN) study, we systematically analyzed the impact of adjunctive p16 IHC on the accuracy (agreement with reference pathology results) of diagnosing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia of grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) in the United States...
August 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Luis Beltran, Amar S Ahmad, Holly Sandu, Sakunthala Kudahetti, Geraldine Soosay, Henrik Møller, Jack Cuzick, Daniel M Berney
There are few studies into the rate and causes of histopathologic false-positive diagnosis of prostate cancer. Only 2 of these, including a previous one from our group, incorporate survival data. In addition, in none of the previous studies had immunohistochemistry (IHC) been originally requested on any of the misdiagnosed cases. Diagnostic biopsies (n=1080) and transurethral resection of prostate specimens (n=314) from 1394 men with clinically localized prostate cancer diagnosed in the United Kingdom but treated conservatively between 1990 and 2003 were reviewed by a panel of 3 genitourinary pathologists...
December 7, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Erik A Ranheim
All pathology subspecialties are more frequently receiving small needle core biopsies for the diagnosis of new lesions. While this results in potential diagnostic pitfalls, the tools available for hematopathology, including extensive panels of immunostains, PRC-based clonality assessment, and flow cytometry often allow accurate diagnoses even with very small specimens. This review presents a brief approach to such biopsies, using morphologic cues as well as ancillary studies, which provides an experience-based framework for approaching these cases and coming to a clear diagnosis while avoiding diagnostic errors...
January 2, 2019: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Lauren N Pearson, Jill M Miller, John H Lunde, Ronald J Bryant, Michael R Lewis, Mary E Tang
CONTEXT.—: The College of American Pathologists published guideline recommending bone marrow synoptic reporting for hematologic neoplasms. OBJECTIVE.—: To evaluate the impact of pathology-driven algorithmic testing (PDAT) with integrated reporting for bone marrow examination on test utilization, ability to render a specific World Health Organization diagnosis, and clinician satisfaction 1 year after implementation. DESIGN.—: We reviewed the hematopathology reports, integrated synoptic reports, and ancillary test results generated during a 12-month period...
January 23, 2019: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Souzan Sanati
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) encompasses a highly heterogeneous group of lesions that differ with regard to their clinical presentations, histologic features, biomarker profiles, genetic abnormalities, and potential for progression. DCIS is a non-obligatory precursor for invasive carcinoma. With the advent of screening mammography the incidence of DCIS has significantly increased. There is an argument that many of these lesions will not progress to invasive carcinoma within the lifetime of a patient. In addition, many studies have shown enormous heterogeneity within DCIS...
October 29, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
Simona Stolnicu, Lien Hoang, Orsolya Hanko-Bauer, Iulia Barsan, Cristina Terinte, Anna Pesci, Sarit Aviel-Ronen, Takako Kiyokawa, Isabel Alvarado-Cabrero, Esther Oliva, Kay J Park, Robert A Soslow
Although 2014 World Health Organization criteria require unequivocal glandular and squamous differentiation for a diagnosis of cervical adenosquamous carcinoma, in practice, adenosquamous carcinoma diagnoses are often made in tumors that lack unequivocal squamous and/or glandular differentiation. Considering the ambiguous etiologic, morphological, and clinical features and outcomes associated with adenosquamous carcinomas, we sought to redefine these tumors. We reviewed slides from 59 initially diagnosed adenosquamous carcinomas (including glassy cell carcinoma and related lesions) to confirm an adenosquamous carcinoma diagnosis only in the presence of unequivocal malignant glandular and squamous differentiation...
September 26, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Bethany N Hannafon, Wei-Qun Ding
microRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that influence gene expression by targeting messenger RNAs (mRNAs). Depending on the function of their target genes, miRNAs may regulate the expression of oncogenes and tumor suppressors, thereby contributing to the promotion or inhibition of tumor progression. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), although often diagnosed as breast cancer, is a potential precursor to invasive ductal carcinoma. Many of the genetic events required for the invasive progression of DCIS occur at the pre-invasive stage, and these events include changes to the expression of miRNAs...
September 28, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
Huiying He, Kiril Trpkov, Petr Martinek, Ozlem Tanas Isikci, Cristina Maggi-Galuzzi, Reza Alaghehbandan, Anthony J Gill, Maria Tretiakova, Jose Ignacio Lopez, Sean R Williamson, Delia Perez Montiel, Maris Sperga, Eva Comperat, Fadi Brimo, Ali Yilmaz, Kristyna Pivovarcikova, Kveta Michalova, David Slouka, Kristyna Prochazkova, Milan Hora, Michael Bonert, Michal Michal, Ondrej Hes
The spectrum of the renal oncocytic tumors has been expanded in recent years to include several novel and emerging entities. We describe a cohort of novel, hitherto unrecognized and morphologically distinct high-grade oncocytic tumors (HOT), currently diagnosed as "unclassified" in the WHO classification. We identified 14 HOT by searching multiple institutional archives. Morphologic, immunohistochemical (IHC), molecular genetic, and molecular karyotyping studies were performed to investigate these tumors...
December 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Christopher A Febres-Aldana, Jin Min, Marc Rafols, Irvin Willis, John Alexis
Liposarcoma is the most common histologic subtype of soft tissue sarcoma in the retroperitoneum. The distinction of primary cord liposarcomas, which arise in and are confined to the inguinal canal, from inguinoscrotal extension of a retroperitoneal tumor is mandatory. Both can be found incidentally in inguinal hernia sac specimens. Preoperative diagnosis is essential for adequate surgery with clear margins. We present a clinicopathological correlation of two men with slowly growing right para-testicular masses diagnosed as inguinal hernias...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Sanpeng Xu, Yuting Dong, Zitian Huo, Lu Yu, Jin Xue, Guoping Wang, Yaqi Duan
AIMS: SOX11 is known as an essential transcription factor for regulating neurogenesis. Recently, SOX11 has been suggested to be a diagnostic marker and oncogene because of its significant expression in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). However, SOX11 expression in other tumour types has not yet been extensively studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: Herein, we examined SOX11 expression in 2026 cases of neuroectodermal, germ cell, mesenchymal and epithelial tumours by immunohistochemistry...
February 2019: Histopathology
Changqing Ma, Brett M Lowenthal, Reetesh K Pai
Signet ring cell carcinomas of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are clinically aggressive neoplasms with frequent intra-abdominal metastases at initial presentation. Currently available immunohistochemistry (IHC) markers cannot distinguish signet ring cell carcinomas of the lower GI tract and upper GI tract, suggesting the need for more specific diagnostic markers. SATB2 is a novel, sensitive marker for colorectal carcinoma. We hypothesized that SATB2 IHC can reliably identify primary and metastatic signet ring cell carcinomas of lower GI tract origin...
December 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Daniel N Johnson, Allison B Cavallo, Imran Uraizee, Kevin Tanager, Ricardo R Lastra, Tatjana Antic, Nicole A Cipriani
Objectives: Bethesda category III (atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance) includes sparsely cellular specimens with nuclear atypia (3N) and/or architectural atypia (3A). This study investigates whether the two types of atypia have different rates of malignancy (ROMs). Methods: Cytologic and histologic diagnoses of resected thyroid nodules were recorded. ROM was calculated for all Bethesda categories and for 3N and 3A subcategories...
September 13, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Laura C Collins
The nonobligate precursor lesions columnar cell change/hyperplasia and flat epithelial atypia, atypical ductal hyperplasia and atypical lobular hyperplasia, lobular carcinoma in situ, and low-grade ductal carcinoma in situ share morphologic, immunophenotypic, and molecular features supporting the existence of a low-grade breast neoplasia pathway. The practical implication for pathologists is that the identification of one of these lesions should prompt careful search for others. From a clinical management perspective, however, their designation as "precursor lesions" should not be overemphasized, as the risk of progression among the earliest lesions is exceedingly low...
March 2018: Surgical Pathology Clinics
Anne J Skjulsvik, Jørgen N Mørk, Morten O Torp, Sverre H Torp
Histopathological malignancy grading of human gliomas is limited by subjective interpretation of the morphological criteria. Assessment of mitotic activity is a cornerstone of grading these tumours, but mitotic figures can be hard to identify in haematoxylin-eosin stained sections. Thus, determining proliferative activity by means of Ki-67/MIB-1 immunostaining has become a useful supplement. However, this method has drawbacks, so continuous testing and evaluation are required for optimization and standardization...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
David A Suarez-Zamora, Luis E Barrera-Herrera, Ricardo Caceres-Mileo, Mauricio A Palau-Lazaro
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice for patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis. Spillage of gallstones into the abdominal cavity during laparoscopic cholecystectomy occurs in approximately one-third of cases. Although retained gallstones remain asymptomatic, few cases may develop complications. We report the case of a 29-year-old nulliparous woman presenting with several hard nodules in the omentum, raising the possibility of a metastatic disease. Histological examination demonstrated a bile-stained material and a foreign body-type granulomatous response without neoplastic tissue...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
Kojo S J Elenitoba-Johnson, Megan S Lim
Lymphomas represent clonal proliferations of lymphocytes that are broadly classified based upon their maturity (peripheral or mature versus precursor) and lineage (B cell, T cell, and natural killer cell). Insights into the pathogenetic mechanisms involved in lymphoma impact the classification of lymphoma and have significant implications for the diagnosis and clinical management of patients. Serial scientific and technologic advances over the last 30 years in immunology, cytogenetics, molecular biology, gene expression profiling, mass spectrometry-based proteomics, and, more recently, next-generation sequencing have contributed to greatly enhance our understanding of the pathogenetic mechanisms in lymphoma...
January 24, 2018: Annual Review of Pathology
Benjamin A Plog, Maiken Nedergaard
The central nervous system (CNS) is unique in being the only organ system lacking lymphatic vessels to assist in the removal of interstitial metabolic waste products. Recent work has led to the discovery of the glymphatic system, a glial-dependent perivascular network that subserves a pseudolymphatic function in the brain. Within the glymphatic pathway, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) enters the brain via periarterial spaces, passes into the interstitium via perivascular astrocytic aquaporin-4, and then drives the perivenous drainage of interstitial fluid (ISF) and its solute...
January 24, 2018: Annual Review of Pathology
David J Pisapia
CONTEXT: - In the recently updated World Health Organization (WHO) classification of central nervous system tumors, our concept of infiltrating gliomas as a molecular dichotomy between oligodendroglial and astrocytic tumors has been codified. Advances in animal models of glioma and a wealth of sophisticated molecular analyses of human glioma tissue have led to a greater understanding of some of the biologic underpinnings of gliomagenesis. OBJECTIVE: - To review our understanding of gliomagenesis in the setting of the recently updated WHO classification of central nervous system tumors...
December 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
2018-01-21 14:12:43
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