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Transforming the care of Older Adults 2017

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6 papers 0 to 25 followers A small collection of articles on conference topics at the Transforming the care of Older Adults 2017 Conference put on by the Division of Continuing Medical Education at the College of Medicine at the University of Saskatchewan. Access provided by the Saskatchewan Health Information Resources Program.
Tammy T Hshieh, Jirong Yue, Esther Oh, Margaret Puelle, Sarah Dowal, Thomas Travison, Sharon K Inouye
IMPORTANCE: Delirium, an acute disorder with high morbidity and mortality, is often preventable through multicomponent nonpharmacological strategies. The efficacy of these strategies for preventing subsequent adverse outcomes has been limited to small studies to date. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate available evidence on multicomponent nonpharmacological delirium interventions in reducing incident delirium and preventing poor outcomes associated with delirium. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from January 1, 1999, to December 31, 2013...
April 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Manu Thakral, Ling Shi, Janice B Foust, Kushang V Patel, Robert H Shmerling, Jonathan F Bean, Suzanne G Leveille
This study aimed to characterize the prevalence of various pain qualities in older adults with chronic nonmalignant pain and determine the association of pain quality to other pain characteristics namely: severity, interference, distribution, and pain-associated conditions. In the population-based MOBILIZE Boston Study, 560 participants aged ≥70 years reported chronic pain in the baseline assessment, which included a home interview and clinic exam. Pain quality was assessed using a modified version of the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) consisting of 20 descriptors from which 3 categories were derived: cognitive/affective, sensory, and neuropathic...
December 2016: Pain
Charlotte L Allan, Sophie Behrman, Nina Baruch, Klaus P Ebmeier
Most people with mild dementia can continue to drive, but dementia is progressive and many patients and clinicians will be faced with questions about driving safety in the course of their illness. Determining when this happens is a complex decision, with risks of personal and public safety needing to be weighed against individual patient benefits of driving in terms of autonomy, independence and well-being. Decisions need to make reference to cognitive abilities, as well as other factors including physical comorbidity, vision, mobility, insight and history of driving errors and accidents...
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
Jeff Edward Borenstein, Harriet Udin Aronow, Linda Burnes Bolton, Mariane Ivy Dimalanta, Ellen Chan, Katherine Palmer, Xiao Zhang, Bradley Rosen, Glenn David Braunstein
BACKGROUND: Extended hospital stays and complications are common among older adults and may lead to morbidity and loss of independence. Specialized geriatric units have been shown to improve outcomes but, with the growing numbers of older adults, may be difficult to scale to meet needs. PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate a quality improvement initiative that redesigned unit-based workflow and trained interprofessional teams on general medical/surgical units to create care plans for vulnerable older adults using principles of comprehensive geriatric assessment and team management...
March 2016: Nursing Outlook
Michael J Passmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Evidence-based Mental Health
Ian A Scott, Leonard C Gray, Jennifer H Martin, Peter I Pillans, Charles A Mitchell
Minimising the harm from inappropriate prescribing in older populations is a major urgent concern for modern healthcare systems. In everyday encounters between prescribers and patients, opportunities should be taken to identify patients at high risk of harm from polypharmacy and reappraise their need for specific drugs. Attempts to reconcile life expectancy, comorbidity burden, care goals and patient preferences with the benefits and harms of medications should be made in every patient at significant risk. Drugs identified by this process of reconciliation as conferring little or no benefit and/or excessive risk of harm should be candidates for discontinuation...
August 2013: Evidence-based Medicine
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