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Charcot foot

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14 papers 0 to 25 followers
Jonathan M Labovitz, Jarrod M Shapiro, V Kathleen Satterfield, Nathanael T Smith
The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the effect of a delayed diagnosis of Charcot foot on acute care cost and usage. We used International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes, and the California Office for Statewide Health Planning and Development 2009 to 2012 public patient discharge files to identify patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and Charcot foot. The costs and length of stay were compared for those with a diagnosis of Charcot foot on admission compared with those who received a delayed diagnosis of Charcot foot before discharge...
September 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Khaled M Emara, Ramy Ahmed Diab, Mohamed Amr Hemida
INTRODUCTION: Charcot's neuroarthropathy of ankle leads to instability, destruction of the joint with significant morbidity that may require an amputation. Aim of surgical treatment is to achieve painless stable plantigrade foot through arthrodesis. Achieving surgical arthrodesis in Charcot's neuroarthropathy has a high failure rate. We assess the outcomes of retrograde intramedullary interlocked nailing in tibio-talar arthrodesis for Charcot's neuroarthropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 42 diabetic patients with a mean age of 49 year underwent ankle tibio-talar arthrodesis using retrograde nailing for Charcot's neuroarthropathy...
March 2018: Foot
Sarah Ettinger, Christian Plaass, Leif Claassen, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman, Daiwei Yao, Kiriakos Daniilidis
Charcot neuropathy (CN) is a severe joint disease that makes surgical planning very challenging, because it is combined with ankle instability, serious deformities, and recurrent ulceration. The aim of the present study was to examine the rate of bone fusion after external or internal fixation in patients with CN. We retrospectively examined 58 patients with CN who had undergone reconstruction of the ankle either with tibiotalocalcaneal or tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis. The mean age was 59.1 (range 26 to 81) years at surgery...
May 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Claire M Capobianco, Thomas Zgonis
Foot and ankle ulcerations in patients with diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (DCN) occur frequently and can be challenging to address surgically when conservative care fails. Patients with acute or chronic diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are at continued risk for development of osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, gas gangrene, and potential lower extremity amputation. Concurrent vasculopathy and peripheral neuropathy as well as uncontrolled medical comorbidities complicate the treatment approach. In addition, pathomechanical forces left untreated may contribute to DFU recurrence in this patient population...
January 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Crystal L Ramanujam, Thomas Zgonis
Knowledge of diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (DCN) has grown tremendously since this condition was first described in 1936 by William Riely Jordan. Despite advancements in diagnostic approaches and treatment options making DCN limb salvage a more viable option, ongoing and additional research is needed to determine the definitive pathogenesis, which may aid in prevention of the condition. This article chronicles the main developments for the study and management of DCN since 1936 and recommends using the term diabetic Charcot-Jordan foot when specifically managing foot and ankle neuroarthropathy joints in patients with diabetic neuropathy...
January 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Nina L Petrova, Michael E Edmonds
Charcot neuroarthropathy is a disabling complication of diabetic neuropathy. Prolonged immobilization in a total contact cast (TCC) is among the main treatments. Education of health care professionals in the application of TCC together with well-conducted clinical trials are required to overcome its frequent underuse. There are no established pharmacologic therapies to treat this condition; however, there is an overwhelming need for a new therapeutic approach. Novel targeted drug delivery systems are required to prevent the pathologic bone and joint destruction of the Charcot neuroarthropathy and this may lead to an improved outcome in diabetic patients with this condition...
January 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Barakat ElAlfy, Ayman M Ali, Sallam I Fawzy
Charcot neuroarthropathy of the ankle joint is a destructive process that leads to instability and significant morbidity that can end with amputation. Surgical arthrodesis in Charcot neuroarthropathy has a high failure rate. The aim of the present prospective study was to compare the outcomes of an Ilizarov external fixator and retrograde intramedullary nailing (IMN) for tibiotalar arthrodesis in Charcot neuroarthropathy. From February 2010 to October 2013, 27 patients (16 males and 11 females) with Charcot neuropathy of the ankle joint were treated in our department...
March 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Alexander T Mehlhorn, Markus Walther, Niklas Iblher, Norbert P S├╝dkamp, Hagen Schmal
In Charcot's osteoarthropathy stabilization of the medial column of the foot was introduced in order to establish a stable foot and reduce the risk for amputation. This study was performed to analyze postoperative complications, define risk factors for those and develop strategies for prevention. Since bolt dislocation takes place frequently, it was aimed to predict an appropriate time point for bolt removal under the condition that osseous healing has occurred. Fourteen consecutive patients with neuroosteoarthropathy of the foot and arch collapse were treated with open reduction and stabilization using midfoot fusion bolt and lateral lag screws...
December 2016: Foot
James Richman, Adam Cota, Steven Weinfeld
BACKGROUND: Surgical strategies to address deformities of the ankle and hindfoot in patients with Charcot arthropathy include the use of retrograde intramedullary nails and ring fixators. The literature has not shown superiority of one technique over the other. This study presents a single surgeon's case series of Charcot arthropathy patients treated with either a ring fixator or retrograde intramedullary nail to achieve tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 27 consecutive patients with Charcot arthropathy who underwent a tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using either a retrograde intramedullary (IM) nail (n = 16 patients) or a ring fixator (RF) (n = 11 patients) by a single surgeon...
February 2017: Foot & Ankle International
Nicholas J Lowery, Jason B Woods, David G Armstrong, Dane K Wukich
BACKGROUND: Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) of the foot and ankle is an extremely challenging clinical dilemma and surgical management can be highly complicated. The current literature on this topic is comprised of manuscripts that are retrospective case series and expert opinions. Furthermore, surgery in patients with CN of the foot and ankle is guided by studies with low levels of evidence to support our current surgical practices. METHODS: A Medline/CINAHL search was performed and a systematic review of articles discussing the surgical management of CN was undertaken...
February 2012: Foot & Ankle International
V James Sammarco, G James Sammarco, Earl W Walker, Ronald P Guiao
BACKGROUND: Fracture-dislocation of the midfoot with collapse of the longitudinal arch is common in patients with neuropathic arthropathy of the foot. In this study, we describe a technique of midfoot arthrodesis with use of intramedullary axial screw fixation and review the results and complications following use of this technique. METHODS: A retrospective study of twenty-two patients who had undergone surgical reconstruction and arthrodesis to treat Charcot midfoot deformity was performed...
March 2010: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Anica Eschler, Annekatrin Wussow, Benjamin Ulmar, Thomas Mittlmeier, Georg Gradl
INTRODUCTION: To address midfoot instability of Charcot disease a promising intramedullary implant has recently been developed to allow for an arthrodesis of the bones of the medial foot column in an anatomic position. We report on a group of patients with Charcot arthropathy and instability at the midfoot where the Midfoot Fusion Bolt had been employed as an implant for the reconstruction of the collapsed medial foot column. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 7 patients (median age 56...
January 2014: Injury
Dane K Wukich, Katherine M Raspovic, Kimberlee B Hobizal, David Sadoskas
BACKGROUND: Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) of the ankle and hindfoot (Sanders/Frykberg Type IV) is challenging to treat surgically or nonsurgically. The deformities associated with ankle/hindfoot CN are often multiplanar, resulting in sagittal, frontal and rotational malalignment. In addition, shortening of the limb often occurs from collapse of the distal tibia, talus and calcaneus. These deformities also result in significant alterations in the biomechanics of the foot. For example, a varus ankle/hindfoot results in increased lateral column plantar pressure of the foot, predisposing the patient to lateral foot ulceration...
January 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Osaretin B Idusuyi
BACKGROUND: Charcot neuroarthropathy is one of the more devastating complications of diabetes. It is a progressive, destructive condition that is characterized by acute fracture, dislocation, and joint destruction in weight-bearing neuropathic foot. In its acute phase, it is often misdiagnosed and can lead to several deformities such as ulcerations and amputation. Early diagnosis and management is, therefore, imperative to avoid rapid progression. OBJECTIVES: Review current literature on the diagnosis and management of diabetic patients with Charcot neuroarthropathy...
February 2015: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
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