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33 papers 25 to 100 followers
Mino Zucchelli, Francesca Nicolini, Francesco Toni, Monica Maffei, Giorgio Palandri, Ercole Galassi
BACKGROUND: The natural history and the outlook of patients with hydrocephalus are dramatically affected by the use of cerebrospinal fluid shunts. The several issues related with a long-standing shunt should suffice to justify all the possible attempts to free the patient from it. OBJECTIVE: This study focused on the role of secondary endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in the achievement of shunt removal in case of shunt malfunction, in order to identify patients who could benefit most from the procedure...
January 23, 2019: World Neurosurgery
Filipe B Rodrigues, Gonçalo S Duarte, David Prescott, Joaquim Ferreira, João Costa
BACKGROUND: Dystonia is a painful and disabling disorder, characterised by painful, involuntary posturing of the affected body region(s). Deep brain stimulation is an intervention typically reserved for severe and drug-refractory cases, although uncertainty exists regarding its efficacy, safety, and tolerability. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of deep brain stimulation (DBS) versus placebo, sham intervention, or best medical care, including botulinum toxin and resective or lesional surgery, in adults with dystonia...
January 10, 2019: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Thomas Cloppenborg, Theodor W May, Ingmar Blümcke, Susanne Fauser, Philip Grewe, Johanna L Hopf, Thilo Kalbhenn, Tilman Polster, Reinhard Schulz, Friedrich G Woermann, Christian G Bien
OBJECTIVE: Surgical volumes at large epilepsy centers are decreasing. Pediatric cohorts, however, show a trend toward more resections and superior outcome. Differences in pediatric and adult epilepsy surgery were investigated in our cohort. METHODS: The Bethel database between 1990 and 2014 was retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1916 adults and 1300 children underwent presurgical workup. The most common etiologies were medial temporal sclerosis (35...
December 21, 2018: Epilepsia
Daniele Bongetta, Cesare Zoia, Sabino Luzzi, Mattia Del Maestro, Andrea Peri, Germana Bichisao, Debora Sportiello, Isabella Canavero, Andrea Pietrabissa, Renato J Galzio
Bariatric surgery is gaining popularity as the treatment of choice of morbid obesity since this condition is constantly increasing over the last decades. Several complications have emerged as the number of surgeries and follow-up data increase. No systematic review of the neurosurgery-related potential complications has been performed to date. Objective of this work is to fill this gap. We reviewed the literature for bariatric surgery-related complications involving the neurosurgical practice. Moreover, we present explicative cases dealing with peri- and post-operative therapeutic precautions...
January 2019: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
J A Wiese, L R Gentry, A H Menezes
The bobble-head doll syndrome is a rare movement disorder; fewer than 40 cases have been reported. It is usually associated with cystic abnormalities in the region of the anterior third ventricle. Various physiologic mechanisms have been proposed but none of them has been substantiated. We report a patient with this syndrome produced by a suprasellar arachnoid cyst. The CSF dynamics were investigated with CT cisternography. The phenomenon was apparently the result of intermittent obstruction at the foramina of Monro, a feature which has not previously been reported in this condition...
November 1985: Pediatric Neurology
I F Pollack, N F Schor, A J Martinez, R Towbin
The authors report an unusual case of a 2-year-old boy with a 3-month history of episodic rightward anterolateral head tilt and large-amplitude positional anteroposterior head bobbing reminiscent of bobble-head doll syndrome. This child experienced a sudden onset of drop attacks and then, within several hours, deep coma. The causative lesion was a contrast-enhancing, partially cystic third ventricular mass, which ultimately obstructed the aqueduct, producing profound obstructive hydrocephalus. An emergency ventriculostomy and endoscopic fenestration of the septum pellucidum was performed...
October 1995: Journal of Neurosurgery
Myong Hun Hahm, Jungmin Woo, Ki Hong Kim
A 22-year-old man was admitted with gradually aggravating stereotypic head movement with hypomania. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed a large suprasellar arachnoid cyst extending into the third ventricle, with obstructive hydrocephalus, characteristic of bobble-head doll syndrome. Endoscopic fenestration of the suprasellar arachnoid cyst was performed. Stereotypic head movement stopped immediately after surgery and hypomanic symptoms gradually improved within a month. During 4 years of follow-up observation without medication, neuropsychiatric symptoms did not relapse...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Bryan Renne, Stefan Rueckriegel, Sudheesh Ramachandran, Julia Radic, Paul Steinbok, Ash Singhal
Bobble-head doll syndrome (BHDS) is a rare pediatric movement disorder presenting with involuntary 2- to 3-Hz head movements. Common signs and symptoms also found on presentation include macrocephaly, ataxia, developmental delay, optic disc pallor or atrophy, hyperreflexia, tremor, obesity, endocrinopathy, visual disturbance or impairment, headache, and vomiting, among others. The syndrome is associated with suprasellar cysts, third ventricular cysts, or aqueductal obstruction, along with a few other less common conditions...
March 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Kamila U Szulc-Lerch, Brian W Timmons, Eric Bouffet, Suzanne Laughlin, Cynthia B de Medeiros, Jovanka Skocic, Jason P Lerch, Donald J Mabbott
There is growing evidence that exercise induced experience dependent plasticity may foster structural and functional recovery following brain injury. We examined the efficacy of exercise training for neural and cognitive recovery in long-term pediatric brain tumor survivors treated with radiation. We conducted a controlled clinical trial with crossover of exercise training (vs. no training) in a volunteer sample of 28 children treated with cranial radiation for brain tumors (mean age = 11.5 yrs.; mean time since diagnosis = 5...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Nan Jiang, Fei Han, Si-Yuan Fan, Jun Gao, Li-Ying Cui, Ding-Rong Zhong, Bin Peng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Neurology
Stephen A Abraham Johnson, John J Chen, W Oliver Tobin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Neurology
Megan H Lee, Jennifer M Pritchard, William J Weiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2011: Neurology
Geraldine Faivre, Elena Pentsova, Alexis Demopoulos, Sophie Taillibert, Marc Rosenblum, Antonio Omuro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2015: Neurology
James X Tao, Shasha Wu, Maureen Lacy, Sandra Rose, Naoum P Issa, Carina W Yang, Katherine E Dorociak, Maria Bruzzone, Jisoon Kim, Ahmad Daif, Jason Choi, Vernon L Towle, Peter C Warnke
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes of combined stereo-electroencephalography-guided and MRI-guided stereotactic laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) in the treatment of patients with drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). METHODS: We prospectively assessed the surgical and neuropsychological outcomes in 21 patients with medically refractory mTLE who underwent LITT at the University of Chicago Medical Center. We further compared the surgical outcomes in patients with and without mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS)...
May 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Remedios López-Serrano, Nuria E Martínez, M Elena Kusak, Alicia Quirós, Roberto Martínez
BACKGROUND: The natural history of cavernous malformations (CMs) has remained unclear. This lack of knowledge has made treatment decisions difficult. Indeed, the use of stereotactic radiosurgery is nowadays controversial. The purpose of this paper is to throw light on the effectiveness of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) therapy. METHODS: The authors reviewed data collected from a prospectively maintained database. A total of 95 patients (57 female and 38 male) underwent GKRS for high-surgical-risk CMs...
2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Jiaping Zheng, Guoqiang Chen, Qing Xiao, Yiyang Huang, Yupeng Guo
The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of endoscopy in the treatment of post-shunt placement for slit ventricle syndrome (SVS). Endoscopic surgery was performed on 18 patients with SVS between October 2004 and December 2012. Sex, age, causes of the hydrocephalus, ventricular size and imaging data were collected and analyzed. All patients were divided into two groups according to ventricular size and underwent endoscopic surgeries, including endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), endoscopic aqueductoplasty and cystocisternostomy...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Volkan Etus, Tugba Morali Guler, Hakan Karabagli
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of anatomical variations and abnormalities of the third ventricle floor encountered during the endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) procedure in myelomeningocele-associated hydrocephalus (MAH) cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 455 pediatric MAH cases that had been treated with ETV. This case series consisted of the patients who were initially treated with ETV and also those who were treated with ETV for the management of cerebrospinal fluid shunt dysfunction...
2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
Sarah Collinge, Garreth Prendergast, Steven T Mayers, David Marshall, Poppy Siddell, Elizabeth Neilly, Colin D Ferrie, Gayatri Vadlamani, Jeremy Macmullen-Price, Daniel J Warren, Arshad Zaman, Paul Chumas, John Goodden, Matthew C H J Morrall
PURPOSE: A review of all published evidence for mapping eloquent (motor, language and memory) cortex using advanced functional neuroimaging (functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI] and magnetoencephalography [MEG]) for paediatric epilepsy surgery candidates has not been conducted previously. Research in this area has predominantly been in adult populations and applicability of these techniques to paediatric populations is less established. METHODS: A review was performed using an advanced systematic search and retrieval of all published papers examining the use of functional neuroimaging for paediatric epilepsy surgery candidates...
November 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Francesca Bonini, Aileen McGonigal, Didier Scavarda, Romain Carron, Jean Régis, Henry Dufour, Jean-Claude Péragut, Virginie Laguitton, Nathalie Villeneuve, Patrick Chauvel, Bernard Giusiano, Agnès Trébuchon, Fabrice Bartolomei
BACKGROUND: Resective surgery established treatment for pharmacoresistant frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE), but seizure outcome and prognostic indicators are poorly characterized and vary between studies. OBJECTIVE: To study long-term seizure outcome and identify prognostic factors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 42 FLE patients having undergone surgical resection, mostly preceded by invasive recordings with stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG)...
August 1, 2018: Neurosurgery
Mohamed Samy Elhammady, Sudheer Ambekar, Roberto C Heros
Dural arteriovenous fistulas are abnormal communications, within the dural leaflets, between meningeal arteries and dural venous sinuses and/or subarachnoid veins. Although many fistulas remain clinically silent and do not require treatment, presence of cortical venous reflux, intracranial bleed, and intolerable symptoms are the main indications for treatment. A thorough understanding of the natural history is of prime importance in the decision making and management of these lesions. In this chapter we discuss the epidemiology and natural history of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
2017-06-05 21:07:50
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