Collections Surgical Oncology

Surgical Oncology

Important papers in Surgical Oncology
Eric Van Cutsem, Xavier Sagaert, Baki Topal, Karin Haustermans, Hans Prenen
Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Many patients have inoperable disease at diagnosis or have recurrent disease after resection with curative intent. Gastric cancer is separated anatomically into true gastric adenocarcinomas and gastro-oesophageal-junction adenocarcinomas, and histologically into diffuse and intestinal types. Gastric cancer should be treated by teams of experts from different disciplines. Surgery is the only curative treatment. For locally advanced disease, adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy is usually implemented in combination with surgery...
November 26, 2016: Lancet
Aoife Maguire, Edi Brogi
Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has been established as the standard of care for axillary staging in patients with invasive breast carcinoma and clinically negative lymph nodes (cN0). Historically, all patients with a positive SLN underwent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). The ACOSOG Z0011 trial showed that women with T1-T2 disease and cN0 who undergo breast-conserving surgery and whole-breast radiotherapy can safely avoid ALND. The main goal of SLN examination should be to detect all macrometastases (>2 mm)...
January 2016: Histopathology
M Ducreux, A Sa Cuhna, C Caramella, A Hollebecque, P Burtin, D Goéré, T Seufferlein, K Haustermans, J L Van Laethem, T Conroy, D Arnold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Femke J Amelung, Charlotte L J Mulder, Paul M Verheijen, Werner A Draaisma, Peter D Siersema, Esther C J Consten
BACKGROUND: Currently, no consensus exists on the best treatment strategy for acute malignant left-sided colonic obstruction. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to compare the outcomes following the two surgical treatment options; primary resection versus colostomy creation as bridge to surgery. METHODS: This systematic review was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines to minimize risk of bias...
December 2015: Surgical Oncology
Omar M Rashid, Jose M Pimiento, Andrew W Gamenthaler, Phuong Nguyen, Tin T Ha, Tai Hutchinson, Gregory Springett, Sarah Hoffe, Ravi Shridhar, Pamela J Hodul, Brad L Johnson, Karl Illig, Paul A Armstrong, Barbara A Centeno, William J Fulp, Dung-Tsa Chen, Mokenge P Malafa
BACKGROUND: Without prospective data establishing a consensus multimodality approach to borderline resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma, institutional treatment regimens vary. This study investigated the outcomes of the clinical pathway at the author's institution, which consists of neoadjuvant gemcitabine, docetaxel, capecitabine, and stereotactic radiotherapy followed by surgery. METHODS: The study reviewed all cases that met the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) diagnostic criteria for borderline resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma from 1 January 2006, to 31 December 2013...
April 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Robert P Jones, Graeme J Poston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Christopher L Wolfgang, Joseph M Herman, Daniel A Laheru, Alison P Klein, Michael A Erdek, Elliot K Fishman, Ralph H Hruban
Pancreatic cancer is currently one of the deadliest of the solid malignancies. However, surgery to resect neoplasms of the pancreas is safer and less invasive than ever, novel drug combinations have been shown to improve survival, advances in radiation therapy have resulted in less toxicity, and enormous strides have been made in the understanding of the fundamental genetics of pancreatic cancer. These advances provide hope but they also increase the complexity of caring for patients. It is clear that multidisciplinary care that provides comprehensive and coordinated evaluation and treatment is the most effective way to manage patients with pancreatic cancer...
September 2013: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
M Vitellaro, P Sala, S Signoroni, P Radice, S Fortuzzi, E M Civelli, G Ballardini, D A Kleiman, K P Morrissey, L Bertario
BACKGROUND: Desmoid tumour (DT) is a main cause of death after prophylactic colectomy in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of prophylactic laparoscopic colectomy on the risk of developing DT in patients with FAP. METHODS: The database of a single institution was reviewed. Patients with classical FAP with defined genotype who underwent either open or laparoscopic colectomy between 1947 and 2011 were included in the study...
April 2014: British Journal of Surgery
Nicolai A Schultz, Christian Dehlendorff, Benny V Jensen, Jon K Bjerregaard, Kaspar R Nielsen, Stig E Bojesen, Dan Calatayud, Svend E Nielsen, Mette Yilmaz, Niels Henrik Holländer, Klaus K Andersen, Julia S Johansen
IMPORTANCE: Biomarkers for the early diagnosis of patients with pancreatic cancer are needed to improve prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To describe differences in microRNA expression in whole blood between patients with pancreatic cancer, chronic pancreatitis, and healthy participants and to identify panels of microRNAs for use in diagnosis of pancreatic cancer compared with the cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A case-control study that included 409 patients with pancreatic cancer and 25 with chronic pancreatitis who had been included prospectively in the Danish BIOPAC (Biomarkers in Patients with Pancreatic Cancer) study (July 2008-October 2012) plus 312 blood donors as healthy participants...
January 22, 2014: JAMA
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