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E Brooke Lerner, Richard B Schwartz, Phillip L Coule, Eric S Weinstein, David C Cone, Richard C Hunt, Scott M Sasser, J Marc Liu, Nikiah G Nudell, Ian S Wedmore, Jeffrey Hammond, Eileen M Bulger, Jeffrey P Salomone, Teri L Sanddal, David Markenson, Robert E O'Connor
Mass casualty triage is a critical skill. Although many systems exist to guide providers in making triage decisions, there is little scientific evidence available to demonstrate that any of the available systems have been validated. Furthermore, in the United States there is little consistency from one jurisdiction to the next in the application of mass casualty triage methodology. There are no nationally agreed upon categories or color designations. This review reports on a consensus committee process used to evaluate and compare commonly used triage systems, and to develop a proposed national mass casualty triage guideline...
September 2008: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
David C Cone, Donald S MacMillan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2005: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
David C Cone, Kristi L Koenig
Field trauma triage systems currently used by emergency responders at mass casualty incidents and disasters do not adequately account for the possibility of contamination of patients with chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear material. Following a discussion of background issues regarding mass casualty triage schemes, this paper proposes chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear-compatible trauma triage algorithms, based on a review of the literature and the input of recognized content experts...
December 2005: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Jennifer Lee Jenkins, Melissa L McCarthy, Lauren M Sauer, Gary B Green, Stephanie Stuart, Tamara L Thomas, Edbert B Hsu
Mass-casualty triage has developed from a wartime necessity to a civilian tool to ensure that constrained medical resources are directed at achieving the greatest good for the most number of people. Several primary and secondary triage tools have been developed, including Simple Treatment and Rapid Transport (START), JumpSTART, Care Flight Triage, Triage Sieve, Sacco Triage Method, Secondary Assessment of Victim Endpoint (SAVE), and Pediatric Triage Tape. Evidence to support the use of one triage algorithm over another is limited, and the development of effective triage protocols is an important research priority...
January 2008: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
A Garner, A Lee, K Harrison, C H Schultz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We sought to retrospectively measure the accuracy of multiple-casualty incident (MCI) triage algorithms and their component physiologic variables in predicting adult patients with critical injury. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 1,144 consecutive adult patients transported by ambulance and admitted to 2 trauma centers. Association between first-recorded out-of-hospital physiologic variables and a resource-based definition of severe injury appropriate to the MCI context was determined...
November 2001: Annals of Emergency Medicine
M Benson, K L Koenig, C H Schultz
Triage of mass casualties in situations in which patients must remain on-scene for prolonged periods of time, such as after a catastrophic earthquake, differs from traditional triage. Often there are multiple scenes (sectors), and the infrastructure is damaged. Available medical resources are limited, and the time to definitive care is uncertain. Early evacuation is not possible, and local initial responders cannot expect significant outside assistance for at least 49-72 hours. Current triage systems are based either on a shorter time to definitive care or on a longer time to initial triage...
April 1996: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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