K Krause, C E Grattan, C Bindslev-Jensen, M Gattorno, T Kallinich, H D de Koning, H J Lachmann, D Lipsker, A A Navarini, A Simon, C Traidl-Hoffmann, M Maurer
Urticarial skin reactions are one of the most frequent problems seen by allergists and clinical immunologists in daily practice. The most common reason for recurrent wheals is spontaneous urticaria. There are, however, several less common diseases that present with urticarial rash, such as urticarial vasculitis and autoinflammatory disorders. The latter include cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome and Schnitzler's syndrome, both rare and disabling conditions mediated by increased interleukin-1 secretion. Apart from the urticarial rash, patients are suffering from a variety of systemic symptoms including recurrent fever attacks, arthralgia or arthritis and fatigue...
December 2012: Allergy
Deborah Fein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Goutham Rao
National guidelines for the diagnosis and management of hypertension in children have been available for nearly 40 years. Unfortunately, knowledge and recognition of the problem by clinicians remain poor. Prevalence estimates are highly variable because of differing standards, populations, and blood pressure (BP) measurement techniques. Estimates in the United States range from 0.3% to 4.5%. Risk factors for primary hypertension include overweight and obesity, male sex, older age, high sodium intake, and African American or Latino ancestry...
August 2016: Pediatrics
Kevin D Pereira, Cindy K Jon, Peter Szmuk, Rande H Lazar, Ron B Mitchell
The management of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children differs between institutions, and there is a need for an updated review of current practice. Literature was reviewed using the PubMed database from 1995 to 2015 by four tertiary care providers experienced in the management of children with SDB. Articles were selected for clinical applicability, strength of evidence, and practicality for practicing clinicians. Fifty-five articles were identified by tertiary care providers in pediatric anesthesiology, pediatric pulmonology, sleep medicine, and pediatric otolaryngology...
July 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Doug King, Matt Brughelli, Patria Hume, Conor Gissane
BACKGROUND: Sport-related concussions are a subset of mild traumatic brain injuries and are a concern for many sporting activities worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To review and update the literature in regard to the history, pathophysiology, recognition, assessment, management and knowledge of concussion. METHODS: Searches of electronic literature databases were performed to identify studies published up until April 2013. RESULTS: 292 publications focussing on concussion met the inclusion criteria, and so they were quality rated and reviewed...
April 2014: Sports Medicine
Kevin M Guskiewicz, Johna Register-Mihalik, Paul McCrory, Michael McCrea, Karen Johnston, Michael Makdissi, Jirí Dvorák, Gavin Davis, Willem Meeuwisse
The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2), which evolved from the 2008 Concussion in Sport Group (CISG) Consensus meeting, has been widely used internationally for the past 4 years. Although the instrument is considered very practical and moderately effective for use by clinicians who manage concussion, the utility and sensitivity of a 100-point scoring system for the SCAT2 has been questioned. The 2012 CISG Consensus Meeting provided an opportunity for several of the world's leading concussion researchers and clinicians to present data and to share experiences using the SCAT2...
April 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Megan A Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Jane M Lavelle, Mercedes M Blackstone, Mary Kate Funari, Christine Roper, Patricia Lopez, Aileen Schast, April M Taylor, Catherine B Voorhis, Mira Henien, Kathy N Shaw
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urinary tract infection (UTI) screening in febrile young children can be painful and time consuming. We implemented a screening protocol for UTI in a high-volume pediatric emergency department (ED) to reduce urethral catheterization, limiting catheterization to children with positive screens from urine bag specimens. METHODS: This quality-improvement initiative was implemented using 3 Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles, beginning with a small test of the proposed change in 1 ED area...
July 2016: Pediatrics
Sharon Levy, Fatma Dedeoglu, Jonathan M Gaffin, Katharine C Garvey, Elizabeth Harstad, Andrew MacGinnitie, Paul A Rufo, Qian Huang, Rosemary E Ziemnik, Lauren E Wisk, Elissa R Weitzman
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce barriers to screening for alcohol use in pediatric primary care, the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse (NIAAA) developed a two-question Youth Alcohol Screening Tool derived from population-based survey data. It is unknown whether this screening tool, designed for use with general populations, accurately identifies risk among youth with chronic medical conditions (YCMC). This growing population, which comprises nearly one in four youth in the US, faces a unique constellation of drinking-related risks...
2016: PloS One
Paul L Aronson, Cary Thurm, Derek J Williams, Lise E Nigrovic, Elizabeth R Alpern, Joel S Tieder, Samir S Shah, Russell J McCulloh, Fran Balamuth, Amanda C Schondelmeyer, Evaline A Alessandrini, Whitney L Browning, Angela L Myers, Mark I Neuman
BACKGROUND: Differences among febrile infant institutional clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) may contribute to practice variation and increased healthcare costs. OBJECTIVE: Determine the association between pediatric emergency department (ED) CPGs and laboratory testing, hospitalization, ceftriaxone use, and costs in febrile infants. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study in 2013. SETTING: Thirty-three hospitals in the Pediatric Health Information System...
June 2015: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Borja Gomez, Santiago Mintegi, Javier Benito
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the value of leukopenia for assessing the risk of having a bacterial infection in young febrile infants. METHODS: Infants younger than 90 days with fever without source were prospectively recruited between October 2011 and September 2013 in 19 Spanish Pediatric Emergency Departments. We analyzed the prevalence of invasive bacterial infection (IBI, positive blood or cerebrospinal fluid culture) and non-IBI (urinary tract infections and any other microbiologically confirmed bacterial infection excluding IBIs) by leukocyte count and general appearance...
January 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Kao-Ping Chua, Mark I Neuman, J Michael McWilliams, Paul L Aronson
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association between clinical outcomes and clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) recommending universal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing in the emergency department for febrile infants aged 29-56 days. STUDY DESIGN: Using 2007-2013 administrative data from 32 US children's hospitals, we performed a difference-in-differences analysis comparing 7 hospitals with CPGs recommending universal CSF testing for older febrile infants aged 29-56 days (CPG group) with 25 hospitals without such CPGs (control group)...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Natalie M Colaneri, Sarah A Keim, Andrew Adesman
Objective: The recent rise in ADHD has prompted concerns about adolescents with ADHD diverting and/or misusing stimulants. This is the first study to assess physician perceptions of the pervasiveness of these issues. Method: Questionnaires were mailed to a national sample of pediatric subspecialists. Responses were analyzed ( n = 826; 18% response rate) using descriptive statistics and regression analyses. Results: In the past year, 59% of physicians suspected ≥1 patient(s) with ADHD diverted stimulants. Seventy-four percent believed ≥1 patient(s) feigned symptoms to obtain an initial ADHD diagnosis; 66% believed ≥1 patient(s) wanted stimulants to improve academic performance...
January 2020: Journal of Attention Disorders
Jaume Campistol, María Díez-Juan, Laura Callejón, Aroa Fernandez-De Miguel, Mercedes Casado, Angels Garcia Cazorla, Reymundo Lozano, Rafael Artuch
AIM: To perform metabolic testing on 406 patients (age range 3-22y [mean 6.71, SD 4.15], 343 males and 63 females) with nonsyndromic autism spectrum disorders (ASD) to assess the diagnostic yield. In addition, we reviewed our hospital's clinical database of 8500 patients who had undergone metabolic testing to be identified for inborn errors of metabolism (IEM), and described the characteristics of those with IEM and nonsyndromic ASD. METHOD: Neuropsychological evaluation included the Social Communication Questionnaire and Child Behavior Checklist...
August 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Dale C Hesdorffer, Shlomo Shinnar, Darrell V Lewis, Douglas R Nordli, John M Pellock, Solomon L Moshé, Ruth C Shinnar, Claire Litherland, Emilia Bagiella, L Matthew Frank, Jacqueline A Bello, Stephen Chan, David Masur, James Macfall, Shumei Sun
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for developing a first febrile status epilepticus (FSE) among children with a first febrile seizure (FS). STUDY DESIGN: Cases were children with a first FS that was FSE drawn from the Consequences of Prolonged Febrile Seizures in Childhood and Columbia cohorts. Controls were children with a first simple FS and separately, children with a first complex FS that was not FSE. Identical questionnaires were administered to family members of the 3 cohorts...
October 2013: Journal of Pediatrics
Stephen B Freedman, Andrew R Willan, Kathy Boutis, Suzanne Schuh
IMPORTANCE: Gastroenteritis is a common pediatric illness. Electrolyte maintenance solution is recommended to treat and prevent dehydration. Its advantage in minimally dehydrated children is unproven. OBJECTIVE: To determine if oral hydration with dilute apple juice/preferred fluids is noninferior to electrolyte maintenance solution in children with mild gastroenteritis. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized, single-blind noninferiority trial conducted between the months of October and April during the years 2010 to 2015 in a tertiary care pediatric emergency department in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
May 10, 2016: JAMA
L K Brown, R M Beattie, M P Tighe
Functional abdominal pain (FAP) is common in childhood, but is not often caused by disease. It is often the impact of the pain rather than the pain itself that results in referral to the clinician. In this review, we will summarise the currently available evidence and discuss the functional dimensions of the presentation, within the framework of commonly expressed parental questions. Using the Rome III criteria, we discuss how to classify the functional symptoms, investigate appropriately, provide reassurance regarding parental worries of chronic disease...
July 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Rebecca J Scharf, Graham J Scharf, Annemarie Stroustrup
• On the basis of observational studies (level C), preterm birth is a leading cause of neurodevelopmental disabilities in children, and the degree of neurodevelopmental disability is inversely correlated with gestational age at birth. When comparing performance of preterm children to developmental norms, “corrected age” or age from due date rather than birth date should be used for the first 24 to 36 months. • On the basis of observational studies (level C), clinicians should pay specific attention to sensory function in children born preterm because the incidence of visual and hearing impairments is higher in preterm than term children...
January 2016: Pediatrics in Review
Ali Qureishi, Yan Lee, Katherine Belfield, John P Birchall, Matija Daniel
Acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion are common childhood disorders, a source of significant morbidity, and a leading cause of antibiotic prescription in primary health care. Although effective treatments are available, some shortcomings remain, and thus better treatments would be welcome. Recent discoveries within the field of otitis media research relating to its etiology and pathogenesis have led to further investigation aimed at developing novel treatments. This article provides a review of the latest evidence relating to the understanding of acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion, current treatment strategies, their limitations, new areas of research, and novel strategies for treatment...
January 10, 2014: Infection and Drug Resistance
Jose Rosa-Olivares, Amanda Porro, Marielys Rodriguez-Varela, Gloria Riefkohl, Iran Niroomand-Rad
.On the basis of research evidence, a recommended strategy for improving the care of middle ear infections is to identify the subset of patients least likely to benefit from antibiotic therapy. They include children ages 6 months to 23 months with unilateral disease without severe signs and symptoms (moderate or severe otalgia, otalgia lasting more than 48 hours,or temperature of 39°C [102.2°F]), and those older than 2 years ofage with unilateral or bilateral disease who have mild signs andsymptoms...
November 2015: Pediatrics in Review
2016-02-01 04:11:27
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