Vanita R Aroda, Sharon L Edelstein, Ronald B Goldberg, William C Knowler, Santica M Marcovina, Trevor J Orchard, George A Bray, David S Schade, Marinella G Temprosa, Neil H White, Jill P Crandall
CONTEXT: Vitamin B12 deficiency may occur with metformin treatment, but few studies have assessed risk with long-term use. OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of B12 deficiency with metformin use in the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP)/DPP Outcomes Study (DPPOS). DESIGN: Secondary analysis from the DPP/DPPOS. Participants were assigned to the placebo group (PLA) (n = 1082) or the metformin group (MET) (n = 1073) for 3.2 years; subjects in the metformin group received open-label metformin for an additional 9 years...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
R J P van der Valk, J C Kiefte-de Jong, A M M Sonnenschein-van der Voort, L Duijts, E Hafkamp-de Groen, H A Moll, H Tiemeier, E A P Steegers, A Hofman, V W V Jaddoe, J C de Jongste
OBJECTIVES: To assess the associations of folate, homocysteine and vitamin B12 levels of children at birth and their methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) variants with asthma and eczema in childhood. METHODS: This study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort study (n = 2,001). Neonatal cord blood folate, homocysteine and vitamin B12 levels were measured, and MTHFR C677T and A1298C genotyped. Wheezing and physician-diagnosed eczema were annually obtained by questionnaire until 4 years...
June 2013: Allergy
C Chaugny, J Simon, H Collin-Masson, M De Beauchêne, D Cabral, O Fagniez, C Veyssier-Belot
INTRODUCTION: Nitrous oxide is widely used in anesthesia. It is usually safe but may be associated with severe side effects when it is used repeatedly or on a prolonged time. Here, we report a case of drug-induced subacute combined spinal cord degeneration related to cobalamin deficiency. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old man with sickle-cell disease (SS) who was followed for severe recurrent vaso-occlusive crisis with repeated hospital admissions presented with ascending motor and sensitive neurological deficits that were later associated with bladder dysfunction...
May 2014: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Antoine Huguenin, Jean-Baptiste Oudart, Julie Hubert, François-Xavier Maquart, Laurent Ramont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
T Doan, J R Chao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Eye
Xiao-Shuang Xia, Xin Li, Lin Wang, Ji-Zuo Wang, Jin-Ping Ma, Cun-Jin Wu
Increased levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) have been observed in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We aimed to investigate the correlation between ADMA and ischemic stroke, and evaluate the effect of supplementation of folic acid and vitamin B12 on concentrations of ADMA. Patients were randomized into intervention and non-intervention groups within 3 days after symptom onset. Intervention group patients were treated with folic acid (5mg daily) and vitamin B12 (500 μg twice daily) for 12 weeks...
September 2014: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Luis Negrão, Pedro Almeida, Sérgio Alcino, Helena Duro, Teresa Libório, Ulisses Melo Silva, Ricardo Figueira, Sílvia Gonçalves, Laura Neto Parra
AIMS: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a common condition whose incidence is approximately 8% in elderly persons. Neuropathic pain (NeP) has a significant incidence in the general population and affects more than half of all patients with PN. The pathophysiology of PN is characterized by lesions of myelin-producing Schwann cells in peripheral nerves. Regeneration/protection of the myelin sheath after a nerve lesion is a fundamental element of repair in PN. Nucleotides such as uridine monophosphate (UMP) have proven to be efficacious in treating the cause of the myelin sheath lesion in several experimental and clinical models...
May 2014: Pain Management
Tejaswi Kandula, Heidi Peters, Michael Fahey
Cobalamin and its metabolites play a crucial role in DNA synthesis and cellular energy metabolism. Disorders of cobalamin metabolism are rare, autosomal recessive, conditions that present with neurological dysfunction of varying severity. We report a child with cobalamin E defect presenting in early infancy with vertical nystagmus, developmental delay, deceleration in head growth, status epilepticus and leukoencephalopathy, with only mild haematological abnormalities. Resolution of seizures and subsequent improvement in development and head growth was observed following early treatment with parenteral hydroxocobalamin, betaine, folate and methionine, emphasising the importance of early diagnosis and treatment in these conditions...
October 2014: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Hannah E Brown, Joshua L Roffman
This article reviews the current literature addressing the treatment of schizophrenia with vitamin supplementation. It describes the important roles that vitamins play in normal metabolism, and reviews the evidence pertaining to vitamin deficiency and supplementation in patients with schizophrenia. There is mounting evidence suggesting that vitamin supplementation, in particular with folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin D, may be important in treatment within certain subgroups of patients. There is a need for larger randomized controlled trials, and further studies examining the incidence of schizophrenia in countries with poor prenatal care and malnutrition, as well as in countries that have adopted mandatory folic acid fortification of grain products, are recommended...
July 2014: CNS Drugs
Aaron de Souza, M W Moloi
Deficiency of vitamin B12 produces protean effects on the nervous system, most commonly neuropathy, myelopathy, cognitive and behavioural symptoms, and optic atrophy. Involuntary movements comprise a relatively rare manifestation of this readily treatable disorder. Both adults and infants deficient in vitamin B12 may present with chorea, tremor, myoclonus, Parkinsonism, dystonia, or a combination of these, which may precede diagnosis or become apparent only a few days after parenteral replacement therapy has begun...
December 2014: Neurological Research
Ilknur Balta, Pinar Ozuguz
Drug-induced acne is a specific subset of acne that usually has some specific features, namely monomorphic pattern, unusual location of the lesions beyond the seborrheic areas, uncommon age of onset, a resistance to conventional acne treatment. Several drugs have been associated with the development of eruptions that may simulate acne vulgaris. However, so far, there are a few cases of vitamin B12-induced acne. We report a case of acneiform eruption induced by vitamin B12 injection in a 37-year-old female patient...
June 2014: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Alan L Ho, Brynna L Lipson, Eric J Sherman, Han Xiao, Matthew G Fury, Arlyn Apollo, Nagashree Seetharamu, Camelia S Sima, Sofia Haque, John K Lyo, Roberta Sales, Lisa Cox, David G Pfister
BACKGROUND: Pralatrexate (Fotolyn(TM); Allos Therapeutics Inc.) is an antifolate dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitor. We conducted a phase II study of pralatrexate with folic acid and B12 supplementation in patients with recurrent and/or metastatic head and neck squamous cell cancer (R/M HNSCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single-arm, Simon optimal two stage phase II study. Patients with R/M HNSCC previously treated with chemotherapy were eligible. The study was initiated with a dosing schedule of pralatrexate 190 mg/m(2) biweekly on a 4-week cycle with vitamin supplementation...
June 2014: Investigational New Drugs
Kathryn R Greenop, Margaret Miller, Nicholas H de Klerk, Rodney J Scott, John Attia, Lesley J Ashton, Luciano Dalla-Pozza, Carol Bower, Bruce K Armstrong, Elizabeth Milne
Childhood brain tumors (CBT) are the second most common childhood cancers, yet their etiology is largely unknown. We investigated whether maternal gestational intake of folate and vitamins B6 and B12 was associated with CBT risk in a nationwide case-control study conducted 2005-2010. Case children 0-14 years were recruited from all 10 Australian pediatric oncology centers. Control children were recruited by national random digit dialing, frequency matched to cases on age, sex, and state of residence. Dietary intake was ascertained using food frequency questionnaires and adjusted for total energy intake...
2014: Nutrition and Cancer
Cynthia H Ho, Michelle Thomas, Elizabeth McGuire, Shoji Yano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Pablo Roman-Garcia, Isabel Quiros-Gonzalez, Lynda Mottram, Liesbet Lieben, Kunal Sharan, Arporn Wangwiwatsin, Jose Tubio, Kirsty Lewis, Debbie Wilkinson, Balaji Santhanam, Nazan Sarper, Simon Clare, George S Vassiliou, Vidya R Velagapudi, Gordon Dougan, Vijay K Yadav
Both maternal and offspring-derived factors contribute to lifelong growth and bone mass accrual, although the specific role of maternal deficiencies in the growth and bone mass of offspring is poorly understood. In the present study, we have shown that vitamin B12 (B12) deficiency in a murine genetic model results in severe postweaning growth retardation and osteoporosis, and the severity and time of onset of this phenotype in the offspring depends on the maternal genotype. Using integrated physiological and metabolomic analysis, we determined that B12 deficiency in the offspring decreases liver taurine production and associates with abrogation of a growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor 1 (GH/IGF1) axis...
July 2014: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Brad Hine, Irina Boggs, Ralph Green, Joshua W Miller, Russell C Hovey, Rex Humphrey, Thomas T Wheeler
Intestinal uptake of vitamin B12 (hereafter B12) is impaired in a significant proportion of the human population. This impairment is due to inherited or acquired defects in the expression or function of proteins involved in the binding of diet-derived B12 and its uptake into intestinal cells. Bovine milk is an abundant source of bioavailable B12 wherein it is complexed with transcobalamin. In humans, transcobalamin functions primarily as a circulatory protein, which binds B12 following its absorption and delivers it to peripheral tissues via its cognate receptor, CD320...
November 2014: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Linlin Wang, Hongtian Li, Yuan Zhou, Lei Jin, Jianmeng Liu
PURPOSE: We investigated whether daily supplementation with low-dose B vitamins in the healthy elderly population improves the Framingham risk score (FRS), a predictor of cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2012, a double-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted in a rural area of North China. In all, 390 healthy participants aged 60-74 were randomly allocated to receive daily vitamin C (50 mg; control group) or vitamin C plus B vitamins (400 µg folic acid, 2 mg B6, and 10 µg B12; treatment group) for 12 months...
April 2015: European Journal of Nutrition
Emmanuel Andrès
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Autoimmunity Reviews
Amanda J MacFarlane, Yipu Shi, Linda S Greene-Finestone
Over-the-counter vitamin supplements on the Canadian market are permitted to contain a daily vitamin B-12 dose of up to 1000 μg. Our objective was to determine the association between total daily vitamin B-12 supplement dose and markers of vitamin B-12 status in Canadians. Blood collected from a nationally representative sample aged 6-79 y (n = ∼5600) in the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007-2009) was analyzed for serum vitamin B-12 and plasma total homocysteine (tHcy). Total daily intake of vitamin B-12 from single and multivitamin supplements was calculated...
June 2014: Journal of Nutrition
Jane M Armitage, Louise Bowman, Robert J Clarke, Karl Wallendszus, Richard Bulbulia, Kazem Rahimi, Richard Haynes, Sarah Parish, Peter Sleight, Richard Peto, Rory Collins
CONTEXT: Blood homocysteine levels are positively associated with cardiovascular disease, but it is uncertain whether the association is causal. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of reducing homocysteine levels with folic acid and vitamin B(12) on vascular and nonvascular outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Double-blind randomized controlled trial of 12,064 survivors of myocardial infarction in secondary care hospitals in the United Kingdom between 1998 and 2008...
June 23, 2010: JAMA
2014-04-03 14:46:40
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