Read by QxMD icon Read


shared collection
147 papers 100 to 500 followers
Nora D Volkow, A Thomas McLellan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Nora D Volkow, James M Swanson, A Eden Evins, Lynn E DeLisi, Madeline H Meier, Raul Gonzalez, Michael A P Bloomfield, H Valerie Curran, Ruben Baler
With a political debate about the potential risks and benefits of cannabis use as a backdrop, the wave of legalization and liberalization initiatives continues to spread. Four states (Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Alaska) and the District of Columbia have passed laws that legalized cannabis for recreational use by adults, and 23 others plus the District of Columbia now regulate cannabis use for medical purposes. These policy changes could trigger a broad range of unintended consequences, with profound and lasting implications for the health and social systems in our country...
March 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Seddon R Savage, Alfonso Romero-Sandoval, Michael Schatman, Mark Wallace, Gilbert Fanciullo, Bill McCarberg, Mark Ware
UNLABELLED: Cannabinoids show promise as therapeutic agents, particularly as analgesics, but their development and clinical use has been complicated by recognition of their botanical source, cannabis, as a substance of misuse. Although research into endogenous cannabinoid systems and potential cannabinoid pharmaceuticals is slowly increasing, there has been intense societal interest in making herbal (plant) cannabis available for medicinal use; 23 U.S. States and all Canadian provinces currently permit use in some clinical contexts...
June 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Aleksandra E Zgierska, Cindy A Burzinski, Jennifer Cox, John Kloke, Aaron Stegner, Dane B Cook, Janice Singles, Shilagh Mirgain, Christopher L Coe, Miroslav Bačkonja
OBJECTIVE: To assess benefits of mindfulness meditation and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based intervention for opioid-treated chronic low back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: 26-week parallel-arm pilot randomized controlled trial (Intervention and Usual Care versus Usual Care alone). SETTING: Outpatient. SUBJECTS: Adults with CLBP, prescribed ≥30 mg/day of morphine-equivalent dose (MED) for at least 3 months. METHODS: The intervention comprised eight weekly group sessions (meditation and CLBP-specific CBT components) and 30 minutes/day, 6 days/week of at-home practice...
October 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Daniel Z Buchman, Anita Ho, Judy Illes
OBJECTIVE: Past research has demonstrated that trust is central to an effective therapeutic relationship, but the role of trust in chronic pain management is not well understood. The objective of this study was to provide an in-depth examination of how adults living with chronic pain negotiate trust and demonstrate trustworthiness with clinicians in therapeutic encounters. METHODS: This qualitative study focused on adults living in an urban setting in British Columbia, Canada...
August 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Deborah S Hasin, Tulshi D Saha, Bradley T Kerridge, Risë B Goldstein, S Patricia Chou, Haitao Zhang, Jeesun Jung, Roger P Pickering, W June Ruan, Sharon M Smith, Boji Huang, Bridget F Grant
IMPORTANCE: Laws and attitudes toward marijuana in the United States are becoming more permissive but little is known about whether the prevalence rates of marijuana use and marijuana use disorders have changed in the 21st century. OBJECTIVE: To present nationally representative information on the past-year prevalence rates of marijuana use, marijuana use disorder, and marijuana use disorder among marijuana users in the US adult general population and whether this has changed between 2001-2002 and 2012-2013...
December 2015: JAMA Psychiatry
Corey B Simon, Joseph L Riley, Roger B Fillingim, Mark D Bishop, Steven Z George
UNLABELLED: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a highly prevalent and disabling musculoskeletal pain condition among older adults. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is commonly used to treat CLBP, however response to TENS in older adults compared with younger adults is untested. In a dose-response study stratified by age, 60 participants with axial CLBP (20 young, 20 middle-aged, 20 older) received four 20-minute sessions of high-frequency high-intensity TENS over a 2- to 3-week period in a laboratory-controlled setting...
December 2015: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Gary A Globe, Craig E Morris, Wayne M Whalen, Ronald J Farabaugh, Cheryl Hawk
OBJECTIVE: Although a number of guidelines addressing manipulation, an important component of chiropractic professional care, exist, none to date have incorporated a broad-based consensus of chiropractic research and clinical experts representing mainstream chiropractic practice into a practical document designed to provide standardized parameters of care. The purpose of this project was to develop such a document. METHODS: Development of the document began with seed materials, from which seed statements were distilled...
November 2008: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Anita Witt Mitchell, Elizabeth M Moore, Emily J Roberts, Kristen W Hachtel, Melissa S Brown
This systematic review of multidisciplinary literature synthesizes evidence of the prevalence and patterns of sensory processing disorder (SPD) in children ages birth-3 yr born preterm. Forty-five articles including physiological, behavioral, temperament, and SPD research met the inclusion criteria and provided 295 findings related to SPD-130 (44%) positive (evidence of SPD) and 165 (56%) negative (no evidence of SPD). The majority of findings related to sensory modulation disorder (SMD; 43% positive). The most prevalent subcategory of SMD was sensory overresponsivity (82% of findings positive)...
January 2015: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Ma Inmaculada Fernández-Andrés, Gemma Pastor-Cerezuela, Pilar Sanz-Cervera, Raúl Tárraga-Mínguez
Sensory processing and higher integrative functions impairments are highly prevalent in children with ASD. Context should be considered in analyzing the sensory profile and higher integrative functions. The main objective of this study is to compare sensory processing, social participation and praxis in a group of 79 children (65 males and 14 females) from 5 to 8 years of age (M=6.09) divided into two groups: ASD Group (n=41) and Comparison Group (n=38). The Sensory Processing Measure (SPM) was used to evaluate the sensory profile of the children: parents reported information about their children's characteristics in the home environment, and teachers reported information about the same characteristics in the classroom environment...
March 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Shaun Gallagher, Somogy Varga
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on recent studies concerning social cognition in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), to compare different theoretical approaches used to interpret empirical data, and to highlight a number of conceptual issues. RECENT FINDINGS: In regard to social cognition in ASDs, there is an emerging emphasis on early-onset and prolonged sensory-motor problems. Such sensory-motor problems may fit with the theories of social cognition that emphasize the importance of embodied interaction rather than deficits in mindreading, or they may reflect more general aspects of developmental disorders...
March 2015: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Colin J Palmer, Bryan Paton, Melissa Kirkovski, Peter G Enticott, Jakob Hohwy
Recent predictive processing accounts of perception and action point towards a key challenge for the nervous system in dynamically optimizing the balance between incoming sensory information and existing expectations regarding the state of the environment. Here, we report differences in the influence of the preceding sensory context on motor function, varying with respect to both clinical and subclinical features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Reach-to-grasp movements were recorded subsequent to an inactive period in which illusory ownership of a prosthetic limb was induced...
March 7, 2015: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Claire R Stewart, Sandra S Sanchez, Emily L Grenesko, Christine M Brown, Colleen P Chen, Brandon Keehn, Francisco Velasquez, Alan J Lincoln, Ralph-Axel Müller
Atypical sensory responses are common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While evidence suggests impaired auditory-visual integration for verbal information, findings for nonverbal stimuli are inconsistent. We tested for sensory symptoms in children with ASD (using the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile) and examined unisensory and bisensory processing with a nonverbal auditory-visual paradigm, for which neurotypical adults show bisensory facilitation. ASD participants reported more atypical sensory symptoms overall, most prominently in the auditory modality...
May 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Julia W Y Kam, Marla J S Mickleborough, Chelsea Eades, Todd C Handy
Although migraine is traditionally categorized as a primary headache disorder, the condition is also associated with abnormalities in visual attentional function in between headache events. Namely, relative to controls, migraineurs show both a heightened sensitivity to nominally unattended visual events, as well as decreased habituation responses at sensory and post-sensory (cognitive) levels. Here we used event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine whether cortical hypersensitivities in migraineurs extend to mind wandering, or periods of time wherein we transiently attenuate the processing of external stimulus inputs as our thoughts drift away from the on-going task at hand...
May 2015: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Vikash S Oza, Elysa Marco, Ilona J Frieden
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that effects verbal and nonverbal communication and social cognition and often presents with altered sensory processing, stereotyped behavior, and restricted interests. The prevalence of this diagnosis has increased markedly over the past two decades. Dermatologists undoubtedly will be evaluating and managing more patients with this diagnosis, but there has been little written regarding the dermatologic care of patients with ASD. Difficulties with communication and sensory processing create significant challenges in clinical evaluation and management...
July 2015: Pediatric Dermatology
Anne V Kirby, Lauren M Little, Beth Schultz, Grace T Baranek
Sensory interests, repetitions, and seeking behaviors (SIRS) are common among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental disabilities (DD) and involve unusual actions that intensify or reinforce a sensory experience. Researchers and practitioners typically use parent-report measures or informal clinical observations to understand the presence and nature of SIRS. In this study, we used a scoring supplement to the Sensory Processing Assessment for Young Children, an observational measure, to characterize SIRS across three groups of children-those with ASD (n=40), DD (n=37), and typical development (n=39)...
May 2015: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Todd J Schwedt, Catherine D Chong
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the last several years, a growing number of brain functional imaging studies have provided insights into mechanisms underlying migraine. This article reviews the recent migraine functional neuroimaging literature and provides recommendations for future studies that will help fill knowledge gaps. RECENT FINDINGS: PET and functional MRI studies have identified brain regions that might be responsible for mediating the onset of a migraine attack and those associated with migraine symptoms...
June 2015: Current Opinion in Neurology
Olga Solomon
'Being autistic' or 'having Autism Spectrum Disorder' implies a limited range of 'being social,' but the in situ organization of interaction, what Maynard and Marlaire (Qual Soc 15(2):177-202, 1992) call the 'interactional substrate,' within which this delimitation enfolds is usually hidden from sight. Analysis of processes constituting different 'interactional substrates' provides a view of how one comes to be known by and to self and others as a certain kind of being who is available (or not) for acting and feeling in certain ways...
June 2015: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Sarah H Baum, Ryan A Stevenson, Mark T Wallace
In addition to impairments in social communication and the presence of restricted interests and repetitive behaviors, deficits in sensory processing are now recognized as a core symptom in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Our ability to perceive and interact with the external world is rooted in sensory processing. For example, listening to a conversation entails processing the auditory cues coming from the speaker (speech content, prosody, syntax) as well as the associated visual information (facial expressions, gestures)...
April 22, 2015: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Dana M LeBlanc, M Adrienne McGinn, Christy A Itoga, Scott Edwards
Addiction, or substance use disorder (SUD), is a devastating psychiatric disease composed of multiple elemental features. As a biobehavioral disorder, escalation of drug and/or alcohol intake is both a cause and consequence of molecular neuroadaptations in central brain reinforcement circuitry. Multiple mesolimbic areas mediate a host of negative affective and motivational symptoms that appear to be central to the addiction process. Brain stress- and reinforcement-related regions such as the central amygdala (CeA), prefrontal cortex (PFC), and nucleus accumbens (NAc) also serve as central processors of ascending nociceptive input...
December 2015: Alcohol
2015-07-25 21:57:50
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"