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By Abraham Nunes Psychiatry resident interested in computational neuroscience, forensic psychiatry, and neuropsychiatry.
Norbert Konrad, Justus Welke, Annette Opitz-Welke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The concept of paraphilia still carries an 'unwanted burden' of sexual norms because the pathologization of some sexual practices as paraphilic disorders is still based on the assumption that normal sexuality should be genitally organized with the aim of reproduction. The aim of this review is to give an impression of the ongoing discussion about the changes introduced with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and the results of recent research in this area...
November 2015: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
William L Marshall, Liam E Marshall
Initially, this paper notes that treatment for the paraphilias has been most thoroughly described and evaluated within the context of treating sex offenders (i.e., child molesters, rapists, and exhibitionists). We note that the literature does not always carefully distinguish "pedophiles" from other child molesters and that rapists are often identified as having a "Not Otherwise Specified" paraphilia. Both these practices appear problematic. We then outline current approaches to the treatment of sex offenders which have typically been seen as relevant to dealing with all types of paraphilias...
June 2015: Current Psychiatry Reports
Gilian Tenbergen, Matthias Wittfoth, Helge Frieling, Jorge Ponseti, Martin Walter, Henrik Walter, Klaus M Beier, Boris Schiffer, Tillmann H C Kruger
A pedophilic disorder is recognized for its impairment to the individual and for the harm it may cause to others. Pedophilia is often considered a side issue and research into the nature of pedophilia is delayed in comparison to research into other psychiatric disorders. However, with the increasing use of neuroimaging techniques, such as functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI, fMRI), together with neuropsychological studies, we are increasing our knowledge of predisposing and accompanying factors contributing to pedophilia development...
2015: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Michael C Seto, Drew A Kingston, Dominique Bourget
Paraphilias are recurrent, persistent, and intense sexual interests in atypical objects or activities. The most commonly encountered paraphilias in sexological or forensic settings are pedophilia, sexual sadism, exhibitionism, and voyeurism. Paraphilias are often comorbid with other sexual, mood, and personality disorders. Assessment and diagnosis require an integration of multiple sources of clinical information, given the limits and biases of self-report (through clinical interview or questionnaires). Clinicians ideally have access to more objective assessment methods, such as phallometric testing of sexual arousal...
June 2014: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Christine Wiebking, Georg Northoff
Paraphilia is a set of disorders characterized by abnormal sexual desires. Perhaps most discussed amongst them, pedophilia is a complex interaction of disturbances of the emotional, cognitive and sexual experience. Using new imaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging, neural correlates of emotional, sexual and cognitive abnormalities and interactions have been investigated. As described on the basis of current research, altered patterns of brain activity, especially in the frontal areas of the brain, are seen in pedophilia...
April 2013: Current Psychiatry Reports
Frederick W Houts, Inna Taller, Douglas E Tucker, Fred S Berlin
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists are underutilized in patients seeking diminution of problematic sexual drives. This chapter reviews the literature on surgical castration of sex offenders, anti-androgen use and the rationale for providing androgen deprivation therapy, rather than selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or more conservative interventions, for patients with paraphilias and excessive sexual drive. Discussions of informed consent, side effects, contraindications and case examples are provided...
2011: Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine
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