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Weight Bias

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9 papers 0 to 25 followers Weight Bias in Healthcare Professionals
R M Puhl, J D Latner, K O'Brien, J Luedicke, S Danielsdottir, M Forhan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: As rates of obesity have increased throughout much of the world, so too have bias and prejudice toward people with higher body weight (that is, weight bias). Despite considerable evidence of weight bias in the United States, little work has examined its extent and antecedents across different nations. The present study conducted a multinational examination of weight bias in four Western countries with comparable prevalence rates of adult overweight and obesity. METHODS: Using comprehensive self-report measures with 2866 individuals in Canada, the United States, Iceland and Australia, the authors assessed (1) levels of explicit weight bias (using the Fat Phobia Scale and the Universal Measure of Bias) and multiple sociodemographic predictors (for example, sex, age, race/ethnicity and educational attainment) of weight-biased attitudes and (2) the extent to which weight-related variables, including participants' own body weight, personal experiences with weight bias and causal attributions of obesity, play a role in expressions of weight bias in different countries...
July 2015: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
S M Phelan, D J Burgess, M W Yeazel, W L Hellerstedt, J M Griffin, M van Ryn
The objective of this study was to critically review the empirical evidence from all relevant disciplines regarding obesity stigma in order to (i) determine the implications of obesity stigma for healthcare providers and their patients with obesity and (ii) identify strategies to improve care for patients with obesity. We conducted a search of Medline and PsychInfo for all peer-reviewed papers presenting original empirical data relevant to stigma, bias, discrimination, prejudice and medical care. We then performed a narrative review of the existing empirical evidence regarding the impact of obesity stigma and weight bias for healthcare quality and outcomes...
April 2015: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Darrell E White, Carissa B Wott, Robert A Carels
PROBLEM: The current study investigated the influence of a plaintiff's weight and the location of an accident on a simulated jury's perceptions of plaintiff's personal responsibility for an accident. METHODS: Participants were 185 lean and overweight male and female adults (mean self-reported body mass index: 24.87±5.45) who read one of three vignettes describing an accident that occurred while leaving one of three different establishments (fast food burger restaurant; fitness gym; department store) while viewing one of two silhouettes of the alleged plaintiff (a lean female; an obese female)...
November 2014: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Robert F Kushner, Dinah M Zeiss, Joseph M Feinglass, Marsha Yelen
BACKGROUND: In order to manage the increasing worldwide problem of obesity, medical students will need to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to assess and counsel patients with obesity. Few educational intervention studies have been conducted with medical students addressing stigma and communication skills with patients who are overweight or obese. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in students' attitudes and beliefs about obesity, and their confidence in communication skills after a structured educational intervention that included a clinical encounter with an overweight standardized patient (SP)...
2014: BMC Medical Education
Sean M Phelan, John F Dovidio, Rebecca M Puhl, Diana J Burgess, David B Nelson, Mark W Yeazel, Rachel Hardeman, Sylvia Perry, Michelle van Ryn
OBJECTIVE: To examine the magnitude of explicit and implicit weight biases compared to biases against other groups; and identify student factors predicting bias in a large national sample of medical students. METHODS: A web-based survey was completed by 4,732 1st year medical students from 49 medical schools as part of a longitudinal study of medical education. The survey included a validated measure of implicit weight bias, the implicit association test, and 2 measures of explicit bias: a feeling thermometer and the anti-fat attitudes test...
April 2014: Obesity
Maddalena Marini, Natarajan Sriram, Konrad Schnabel, Norbert Maliszewski, Thierry Devos, Bo Ekehammar, Reinout Wiers, Cai HuaJian, Mónika Somogyi, Kimihiro Shiomura, Simone Schnall, Félix Neto, Yoav Bar-Anan, Michelangelo Vianello, Alfonso Ayala, Gabriel Dorantes, Jaihyun Park, Selin Kesebir, Antonio Pereira, Bogdan Tulbure, Tuulia Ortner, Irena Stepanikova, Anthony G Greenwald, Brian A Nosek
Although a greater degree of personal obesity is associated with weaker negativity toward overweight people on both explicit (i.e., self-report) and implicit (i.e., indirect behavioral) measures, overweight people still prefer thin people on average. We investigated whether the national and cultural context - particularly the national prevalence of obesity - predicts attitudes toward overweight people independent of personal identity and weight status. Data were collected from a total sample of 338,121 citizens from 71 nations in 22 different languages on the Project Implicit website (https://implicit...
2013: PloS One
Yasmin Poustchi, Norma S Saks, Alicja K Piasecki, Karissa A Hahn, Jeanne M Ferrante
BACKGROUND: Medical students are exposed to a growing number of obese patients in clinical encounters. Many medical students harbor negative attitudes and stereotypes regarding obese patients, which lead to negative interpersonal behaviors. This study pilot tested the effectiveness of an educational intervention in reducing bias toward obese patients. METHODS: Second- and third-year medical students (n=64) watched a 17- minute video, "Weight Bias in Health Care," and participated in interactive discussion to share experiences with encountering obese patients...
May 2013: Family Medicine
Phillippa C Diedrichs, Fiona Kate Barlow
OBJECTIVES: Although experiencing weight bias is associated with poor physical and psychological health, health professionals often stigmatize overweight and obese clients. The objective of this study was to evaluate a brief educational intervention that aimed to reduce weight bias among Australian pre-service health students by challenging beliefs about the controllability of weight. DESIGN: Non-equivalent group comparison trial. METHODS: Undergraduate psychology students were assigned to an intervention (n= 30), control (n= 35), or comparison (n= 20) condition...
November 2011: British Journal of Health Psychology
Marlene B Schwartz, Heather O'Neal Chambliss, Kelly D Brownell, Steven N Blair, Charles Billington
PURPOSE: To determine the level of anti-fat bias in health professionals specializing in obesity and identify personal characteristics that correlate with both implicit and explicit bias. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The Implicit Associations Test (IAT) and a self-report questionnaire assessing explicit attitudes, personal experiences with obesity, and demographic characteristics was administered to clinicians and researchers attending the opening session of an international obesity conference (N = 389)...
September 2003: Obesity Research
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