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Peds EM

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23 papers 100 to 500 followers Pediatric emergency medicine literature
By Merlin Curry MD, EMT-P
Daniele Masarone, Fabio Valente, Marta Rubino, Rossella Vastarella, Rita Gravino, Alessandra Rea, Maria Giovanna Russo, Giuseppe Pacileo, Giuseppe Limongelli
Pediatric heart failure represents an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. Currently, there are well-established guidelines for the management of heart failure in the adult population, but an equivalent consensus in children is lacking. In the clinical setting, ensuring an accurate diagnosis and defining etiology is essential to optimal treatment. Diuretics and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition are the first-line therapies, whereas beta-blockers and devices for electric therapy are less used in children than in adults...
August 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Kathleen L Meert, Russell Telford, Richard Holubkov, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationships between cardiac arrest characteristics and survival and neurobehavioral outcome among children recruited to the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial data. SETTING: Thirty-six PICUs in the United States and Canada. PATIENTS: All children (n = 295) had chest compressions for greater than or equal to 2 minutes, were comatose, and required mechanical ventilation after return of circulation...
December 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Alfred Sacchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Karen Milcent, Sabine Faesch, Christèle Gras-Le Guen, François Dubos, Claire Poulalhon, Isabelle Badier, Elisabeth Marc, Christine Laguille, Loïc de Pontual, Alexis Mosca, Gisèle Nissack, Sandra Biscardi, Hélène Le Hors, Ferielle Louillet, Andreea Madalina Dumitrescu, Philippe Babe, Christelle Vauloup-Fellous, Jean Bouyer, Vincent Gajdos
IMPORTANCE: The procalcitonin (PCT) assay is an accurate screening test for identifying invasive bacterial infection (IBI); however, data on the PCT assay in very young infants are insufficient. OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic characteristics of the PCT assay for detecting serious bacterial infection (SBI) and IBI in febrile infants aged 7 to 91 days. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective cohort study that included infants aged 7 to 91 days admitted for fever to 15 French pediatric emergency departments was conducted for a period of 30 months (October 1, 2008, through March 31, 2011)...
January 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Prashant Mahajan, Mary Grzybowski, Xinguang Chen, Nirupama Kannikeswaran, Rachel Stanley, Bonita Singal, John Hoyle, Dominic Borgialli, Elizabeth Duffy, Nathan Kuppermann
OBJECTIVES: There is no perfectly sensitive or specific test for identifying young, febrile infants and children with occult serious bacterial infections (SBIs). Studies of procalcitonin (PCT), a 116-amino-acid precursor of the hormone calcitonin, have demonstrated its potential as an acute-phase biomarker for SBI. The objective of this study was to compare performance of serum PCT with traditional screening tests for detecting SBIs in young febrile infants and children. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter study on a convenience sample from May 2004 to December 2005...
February 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Lisa Hartling, Andrea Milne, Michelle Foisy, Eddy S Lang, Douglas Sinclair, Terry P Klassen, Lisa Evered
BACKGROUND: Sedation is increasingly used to facilitate procedures on children in emergency departments (EDs). This overview of systematic reviews (SRs) examines the safety and efficacy of sedative agents commonly used for procedural sedation in children in the ED or similar settings. METHODS: We followed standard SR methods: comprehensive search; dual study selection, quality assessment, data extraction. We included SRs of children (1 month to 18 years) where the indication for sedation was procedure-related and performed in the ED...
May 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
H Cody Meissner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Elizabeth L Alford, James W Wheless, Stephanie J Phelps
Generalized convulsive status epilepticus (GCSE) is one of the most common neurologic emergencies and can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality if not treated promptly and aggressively. Management of GCSE is staged and generally involves the use of life support measures, identification and management of underlying causes, and rapid initiation of anticonvulsants. The purpose of this article is to review and evaluate published reports regarding the treatment of impending, established, refractory, and super-refractory GCSE in pediatric patients...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Murray M Pollack, Richard Holubkov, Tomohiko Funai, J Michael Dean, John T Berger, David L Wessel, Kathleen Meert, Robert A Berg, Christopher J L Newth, Rick E Harrison, Joseph Carcillo, Heidi Dalton, Thomas Shanley, Tammara L Jenkins, Robert Tamburro
OBJECTIVES: Severity of illness measures have long been used in pediatric critical care. The Pediatric Risk of Mortality is a physiologically based score used to quantify physiologic status, and when combined with other independent variables, it can compute expected mortality risk and expected morbidity risk. Although the physiologic ranges for the Pediatric Risk of Mortality variables have not changed, recent Pediatric Risk of Mortality data collection improvements have been made to adapt to new practice patterns, minimize bias, and reduce potential sources of error...
January 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Andréa M C Ventura, Huei Hsin Shieh, Albert Bousso, Patrícia F Góes, Iracema de Cássia F O Fernandes, Daniela C de Souza, Rodrigo Locatelli Pedro Paulo, Fabiana Chagas, Alfredo E Gilio
OBJECTIVES: The primary outcome was to compare the effects of dopamine or epinephrine in severe sepsis on 28-day mortality; secondary outcomes were the rate of healthcare-associated infection, the need for other vasoactive drugs, and the multiple organ dysfunction score. DESIGN: Double-blind, prospective, randomized controlled trial from February 1, 2009, to July 31, 2013. SETTING: PICU, Hospital Universitário da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil...
November 2015: Critical Care Medicine
Borja Gomez, Silvia Bressan, Santiago Mintegi, Liviana Da Dalt, Daniel Blazquez, Izaskun Olaciregui, Mercedes de la Torre, Miriam Palacios, Paola Berlese, Aitor Ruano
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Procalcitonin (PCT) has been introduced in many European protocols for the management of febrile children. Its value among young, well-appearing infants, however, is not completely defined. Our objective was to assess its performance in diagnosing serious bacterial infections and specifically invasive bacterial infections (IBIs) in well-appearing infants aged <3 months with fever without source (FWS). METHODS: Well-appearing infants aged <3 months with FWS admitted to 7 European pediatric emergency departments were retrospectively included...
November 2012: Pediatrics
Elena Martinez, Santiago Mintegi, Begoña Vilar, Maria Jesus Martinez, Amaia Lopez, Estibaliz Catediano, Borja Gomez
BACKGROUND: Classical criteria differ when performing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in infants younger than 90 days with fever without a source (FWS). Our objectives were to analyze the prevalence and microbiology of bacterial meningitis in this group and its prevalence in relation to clinical and laboratory risk factors. METHODS: This is a substudy of a prospective registry including all infants of this age with FWS seen between September 2003 and August 2013 in a Pediatric Emergency Department of a Tertiary Teaching Hospital...
May 2015: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Suzanne Reuter, Chuanpit Moser, Michelle Baack
Respiratory distress presents as tachypnea, nasal flaring, retractions, and grunting and may progress to respiratory failure if not readily recognized and managed. Causes of respiratory distress vary and may not lie within the lung. A thorough history, physical examination, and radiographic and laboratory findings will aid in the differential diagnosis. Common causes include transient tachypnea of the newborn, neonatal pneumonia, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Strong evidence reveals an inverse relationship between gestational age and respiratory morbidity...
October 2014: Pediatrics in Review
Joseph D Tobias
One of the long held tenets of pediatric anesthesia has been the notion that the pediatric airway is conical shape with the narrowest area being the cricoid region. However, recent studies using radiologic imaging techniques (magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography) or direct bronchoscopic observation have questioned this suggesting that the narrowest segment may be at or just below the glottic opening. More importantly, it has been clearly demonstrated that the airway is elliptical in shape rather than circular with the anterior-posterior dimension being greater than the transverse dimension...
January 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Naomi T Hughes, Randall S Burd, Stephen J Teach
Evidence for changes in adult trauma management often precedes evidence for changes in pediatric trauma management. Many adult trauma centers have adopted damage-control resuscitation management strategies, which target the metabolic syndrome of acidosis, coagulopathy, and hypothermia often found in severe uncontrolled hemorrhage. Two key components of damage-control resuscitation are permissive hypotension, which is a fluid management strategy that targets a subnormal blood pressure, and hemostatic resuscitation, which is a transfusion strategy that targets coagulopathy with early blood product administration...
September 2014: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jordan S Peck, Stephan A Gaehde, Deborah J Nightingale, David Y Gelman, David S Huckins, Mark F Lemons, Eric W Dickson, James C Benneyan
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to test the generalizability, across a range of hospital sizes and demographics, of a previously developed method for predicting and aggregating, in real time, the probabilities that emergency department (ED) patients will be admitted to a hospital inpatient unit. METHODS: Logistic regression models were developed that estimate inpatient admission probabilities of each patient upon entering an ED. The models were based on retrospective development (n = 4,000 to 5,000 ED visits) and validation (n = 1,000 to 2,000 ED visits) data sets from four heterogeneous hospitals...
November 2013: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
S Alison Basak, Andrea L Zaenglein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: Pediatrics in Review
Emily W Langley, Joseph Gigante
After completing this article, readers should be able to: 1. List the etiologic agents that commonly cause urticaria, angioedema, and anaphylaxis. 2. Recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis and be able to deliver rapid,effective treatment for anaphylaxis. 3. Distinguish between acute and chronic urticaria, and recognize the differences in their evaluation and treatment. 4. List the causes of papular urticaria. 5. Discuss the acute management of stinging insect anaphylaxis.
June 2013: Pediatrics in Review
Renée I Matos, R Scott Watson, Vinay M Nadkarni, Hsin-Hui Huang, Robert A Berg, Peter A Meaney, Christopher L Carroll, Richard J Berens, Amy Praestgaard, Lisa Weissfeld, Philip C Spinella
BACKGROUND: Pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for >20 minutes has been considered futile after pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrests. This concept has recently been questioned, although the effect of CPR duration on outcomes has not recently been described. Our objective was to determine the relationship between CPR duration and outcomes after pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrests. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the effect of CPR duration for pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrests from the Get With The Guidelines-Resuscitation prospective, multicenter registry of in-hospital cardiac arrests...
January 29, 2013: Circulation
Amanda J Kasem, Blake Bulloch, Michael Henry, Kunal Shah, Heidi Dalton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical use of procalcitonin (PCT) as a rapid marker for the identification of bacteremia in the emergency department (ED) population of children with fever and a central venous catheter (CVC). METHODS: Children were identified on presentation to the ED with a chief complaint of fever and who had a CVC. Fever was defined as 38°C or higher orally. Patients were excluded from the study if they had received antibiotics within the previous 24 hours of presenting to the ED, if they had a peripherally inserted central catheter line or by parental refusal...
October 2012: Pediatric Emergency Care
2015-07-07 15:46:01
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