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Gastro Review

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550 papers 100 to 500 followers ERCP
Janani Rangaswami, Vivek Bhalla, John E A Blair, Tara I Chang, Salvatore Costa, Krista L Lentine, Edgar V Lerma, Kenechukwu Mezue, Mark Molitch, Wilfried Mullens, Claudio Ronco, W H Wilson Tang, Peter A McCullough
Cardiorenal syndrome encompasses a spectrum of disorders involving both the heart and kidneys in which acute or chronic dysfunction in 1 organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction in the other organ. It represents the confluence of heart-kidney interactions across several interfaces. These include the hemodynamic cross-talk between the failing heart and the response of the kidneys and vice versa, as well as alterations in neurohormonal markers and inflammatory molecular signatures characteristic of its clinical phenotypes...
March 11, 2019: Circulation
Dirk Domagk, Kofi W Oppong, Lars Aabakken, Laszlo Czakó, Tibor Gyökeres, Gianpiero Manes, Peter Meier, Jan-Werner Poley, Thierry Ponchon, Andrea Tringali, Cristina Bellisario, Silvia Minozzi, Carlo Senore, Cathy Bennett, Michael Bretthauer, Cesare Hassan, Michal F Kaminski, Mario Dinis-Ribeiro, Colin J Rees, Cristiano Spada, Roland Valori, Raf Bisschops, Matthew D Rutter
The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) and United European Gastroenterology present a short list of key performance measures for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). We recommend that endoscopy services across Europe adopt the following seven key and one minor performance measures for EUS and ERCP, for measurement and evaluation in daily practice at centre and endoscopist level: 1 Adequate antibiotic prophylaxis before ERCP (key performance measure, at least 90%); 2 antibiotic prophylaxis before EUS-guided puncture of cystic lesions (key performance measure, at least 95%); 3 bile duct cannulation rate (key performance measure, at least 90%); 4 tissue sampling during EUS (key performance measure, at least 85%); 5 appropriate stent placement in patients with biliary obstruction below the hilum (key performance measure, at least 95%); 6 bile duct stone extraction (key performance measure, at least 90%); 7 post-ERCP pancreatitis (key performance measure, less than 10%); and 8 adequate documentation of EUS landmarks (minor performance measure, at least 90%)...
December 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Jarek Kobiela, Paulina Wieszczy, Jarosław Reguła, Michał F Kamiński
Background and aims: Obesity is associated with an increased incidence of and mortality from colorectal cancer (CRC). Screening colonoscopy seems particularly important for individuals with obesity. The aim of this study is to analyse the characteristics of screening colonoscopy in individuals with obesity. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of records of 75,278 patients from a national colonoscopy screening programme in Poland. The database contained demographic data, colonoscopy results, self-reported data on weight and height, a standardized screenees' experience questionnaire and colorectal findings...
December 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Line Lund Kårhus, Tea Skaaby, Anja Lykke Madsen, Betina Heinsbæk Thuesen, Peter Schwarz, Jüri J Rumessen, Allan Linneberg
Background: The relationship between allergy and celiac disease (CD) is not clear. Objective: The objective of this article is to investigate the association of CD and CD antibody positivity with hay fever, asthma and immunoglobulin (Ig)E sensitization in a general adult population. Methods: A total of 2297 individuals were screened for CD antibodies and underwent allergy testing. CD antibody-positive participants were invited to undergo clinical evaluation including biopsies...
February 2019: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Torbjörn Thulin, Ulf Hammar, Anders Ekbom, Rolf Hultcrantz, Anna M Forsberg
Background: The rates of perforation and bleeding are important quality measures of colonoscopy performance. Objective: The objective of this article is to assess the frequency of colonoscopy-related bleeding and perforation in Swedish counties and to relate these findings to patient characteristics. Method: Data on 593,308 colonoscopies performed on adults from 2001 to 2013 were retrieved from Swedish inpatient and outpatient registers. Covariates were assessed in a multivariate Poisson regression model...
February 2019: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Rushikesh Shah, Cesar Taborda, Saurabh Chawla
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a common hemoglobinopathy which can affect multiple organ systems in the body. Within the digestive tract, the hepatobiliary system is most commonly affected in SCD. The manifestations range from benign hyperbilirubinemia to overt liver failure, with the spectrum of acute clinical presentations often referred to as "sickle cell hepatopathy". This is an umbrella term referring to liver dysfunction and hyperbilirubinemia due to intrahepatic sickling process during SCD crisis leading to ischemia, sequestration and cholestasis...
August 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Monjur Ahmed
Acute cholangitis is bacterial infection of the extra-hepatic biliary system. As it is caused by gallstones blocking the common bile duct in most of the cases, its prevalence is greater in ethnicities with high prevalence of gallstones. Biliary obstruction of any cause is the main predisposing factor. Diagnosis is established by the presence of clinical features, laboratory results and imaging studies. The treatment modalities include administration of intravenous fluid, antibiotics, and drainage of the bile duct...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Caroline Linninge, Bodil Roth, Charlotte Erlanson-Albertsson, Göran Molin, Ervin Toth, Bodil Ohlsson
AIM: To compare gut bacterial diversity and amount of Enterobacteriaceae in colonic mucosa between patients with and without diverticular disease (DD). METHODS: Patients in a stable clinical condition with planned elective colonoscopy were included. Blood samples and colon mucosa biopsies were collected at the colonoscopy. Study questionnaires including questions about gastrointestinal symptoms were completed by the patients and physicians. DNA from mucosa samples was isolated and the amount of Enterobacteriaceae was estimated using PCR assay...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
J Monés, J P Gisbert, F Borda, E Domínguez-Muñoz
The results of the 2nd Spanish Consensus Conference for appropriate practice regarding indications for eradication, diagnostic tests, and therapy regimens for Helicobacter pylori infection are summarized. The Conference was based on literature searches in Medline, abstracts from three international meetings, and abstracts from national meetings. Results were agreed upon and approved by the whole group. Results are supplemented by evidence grades and recommendation levels according to the classification used in the Clinical Practice Guidelines issued by Cochrane Collaboration...
May 2005: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Sidra Azim, Christian Nasr
Subclinical hypothyroidism is defined by an elevated serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level along with a normal free thyroxine (T4 ) level. Whether it should be treated remains controversial. Currently, the best practical approach is to base treatment decisions on the degree of TSH elevation, thyroid autoimmunity, and associated comorbidities.
February 2019: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Ava Parséus, Nina Sommer, Felix Sommer, Robert Caesar, Antonio Molinaro, Marcus Ståhlman, Thomas U Greiner, Rosie Perkins, Fredrik Bäckhed
OBJECTIVE: The gut microbiota has been implicated as an environmental factor that modulates obesity, and recent evidence suggests that microbiota-mediated changes in bile acid profiles and signalling through the bile acid nuclear receptor farnesoid X receptor (FXR) contribute to impaired host metabolism. Here we investigated if the gut microbiota modulates obesity and associated phenotypes through FXR. DESIGN: We fed germ-free (GF) and conventionally raised (CONV-R) wild-type and Fxr-/- mice a high-fat diet (HFD) for 10 weeks...
March 2017: Gut
A Justin Rucker, Nathan P Rudemiller, Steven D Crowley
The link between inappropriate salt retention in the kidney and hypertension is well recognized. However, growing evidence suggests that the immune system can play surprising roles in sodium homeostasis, such that the study of inflammatory cells and their secreted effectors has provided important insights into salt sensitivity. As part of the innate immune system, myeloid cells have diverse roles in blood pressure regulation, ranging from prohypertensive actions in the kidney, vasculature, and brain, to effects in the skin that attenuate blood pressure elevation...
February 10, 2018: Annual Review of Physiology
Kathryn Oakland, Georgina Chadwick, James E East, Richard Guy, Adam Humphries, Vipul Jairath, Simon McPherson, Magdalena Metzner, A John Morris, Mike F Murphy, Tony Tham, Raman Uberoi, Andrew McCulloch Veitch, James Wheeler, Cuthbert Regan, Jonathan Hoare
This is the first UK national guideline to concentrate on acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) and has been commissioned by the Clinical Services and Standards Committee of the British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG). The Guidelines Development Group consisted of representatives from the BSG Endoscopy Committee, the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland, the British Society of Interventional Radiology, the Royal College of Radiologists, NHS Blood and Transplant and a patient representative...
February 12, 2019: Gut
Micaela Piccoli, Ferdinando Agresta, Grazia Maria Attinà, Dalia Amabile, Domenico Marchi
To date, there is no shared consensus on a definition of a complex abdominal wall in elective surgery and in the emergency, on indications, technical details, complications, and follow-up. The purpose of the conference was to lay the foundations for a homogeneous approach to the complex abdominal wall with the primary intent being to attain the following objectives: (1) to develop evidence-based recommendations to define "complex abdominal wall"; (2) indications in emergency and in elective cases; (3) management of "complex abdominal wall"; (4) techniques for temporary abdominal closure...
September 25, 2018: Updates in Surgery
Zobair M Younossi
As the epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus increase worldwide, the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing proportionately. The subtype of NAFLD which can be characterized as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a potentially progressive liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, liver transplantation, and death; it is associated with extrahepatic manifestations such as chronic kidney disease cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea. NAFLD and NASH are also associated with a large economic burden and poor health-related quality of life...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
Olga Sjomina, Jelizaveta Pavlova, Yaron Niv, Marcis Leja
This review provides the most recent data concerning the epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori infection. Overall, the trend of declining prevalence of H. pylori infection is continuing, with major evidence available from studies in Europe. However, in some parts of the world, for example, in some countries in the Middle East, the prevalence has remained relatively stable. A number of systematic reviews and meta-analyses have been published during the past year indicating the lowest prevalence rates of the infection in Oceania (24...
September 2018: Helicobacter
Danute Ražuka-Ebela, Bianca Giupponi, Francesco Franceschi
Many studies have been performed in the last year concerning the potential role of Helicobacter pylori in different extragastric diseases, reinforcing the idea that specific microorganisms may cause diseases even far from the primary site of infection. While the role of H. pylori on idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, sideropenic anemia, and vitamin B12 deficiency has been well established, there is a growing interest in other conditions, such as cardiovascular, neurologic, dermatologic, obstetric, immunologic, and metabolic diseases...
September 2018: Helicobacter
Antonio Ponzetto, John Holton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Helicobacter
Masayuki Kato, Akiko Toda, Ritsuko Yamamoto-Honda, Yasuji Arase, Hirohito Sone
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: It is suspected that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is associated with extra-digestive diseases including diabetes. So far, a number of studies have examined the association between H. pylori and diabetes, the results were conflicting. The aim of this study was to examine the association between H. pylori infection, eradication and diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted using data from annual health check-up performed in the Toranomon Hospital Health Management Center...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Jutta Bergler-Klein
The new guidelines on hypertension of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 2018 have refined the treatment cut-offs and therapy decisions in adults. This review highlights important recommendations of the guidelines and also on the situation of hypertension in Austria. The general treatment targets of blood pressure have been lowered to at least 130/80 mmHg for most patients. The definition of hypertension is specified as a repeated systolic blood pressure in the office of ≥140 and or diastolic BP ≥90 mmHg...
February 4, 2019: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
2019-02-23 21:59:12
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