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N M Jadavji, F Wieske, U Dirnagl, C Winter
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is an enzyme key regulator in folate metabolism. Deficiencies in MTHFR result in increased levels of homocysteine, which leads to reduced levels of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM). In the brain, SAM donates methyl groups to catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), which is involved in neurotransmitter analysis. Using the MTHFR-deficient mouse model the purpose of this study was to investigate levels of monoamine neurotransmitters and amino acid levels in brain tissue. MTHFR deficiency affected levels of both glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid in within the cerebellum and hippocampus...
June 2015: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Vandana Rai
Autism (MIM 209850) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disease that manifests within the first 3 years of life. Numerous articles reported that dysfunctional folate-methionine pathway enzymes may play an important role in the pathophysiology of autism. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a critical enzyme of this pathway and MTHFR C677T polymorphism reported as risk factor for autism in several case control studies. However, controversial reports were also published. Hence the present meta-analysis was designed to investigate the relationship of the MTHFR C677T polymorphism with the risk of autism...
August 2016: Metabolic Brain Disease
Ghorban Mohammadzadeh, Maryam Karimi, Mohammad Bazyar, Seyed-Mohammad Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Association between C677T polymorphism of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), a key enzyme involved in folate metabolism and DNA methylation, and breast cancer risk are inconsistent. We investigated in a case-control study, possible effect of the common MTHFR C677T polymorphism on breast cancer risk in a sample of Iranian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study subjects comprised of 123 breast cancer cases and 110 cancer-free control, who were matched for age and body mass index (BMI)...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
T Zara-Lopes, A P A Gimenez-Martins, C H V Nascimento-Filho, M M U Castanhole-Nunes, A L S Galbiatti-Dias, J A Padovani-Júnior, J V Maniglia, J L E Francisco, E C Pavarino, E M Goloni-Bertollo
Folate metabolism is essential for DNA synthesis and repair. Alterations in genes that participate in folate metabolism can be associated with several types of malignant neoplasms, including thyroid and breast cancer. In the present case-control study, we examined the association between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR C677T, rs1801133) and methionine synthase (MTR A2756G, rs1805087) polymorphisms and risk for thyroid and breast cancer. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length technique was used to determine the specific genotypes in the genes of interest...
May 9, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Lesley Plumptre, Shannon P Masih, Anna Ly, Susanne Aufreiter, Kyoung-Jin Sohn, Ruth Croxford, Andrea Y Lausman, Howard Berger, Deborah L O'Connor, Young-In Kim
BACKGROUND: Mandatory fortification, prevalent supplement use, and public health guidelines recommending periconceptional supplementation have increased folic acid intakes in North American pregnant women. However, the effects of increased folic acid intakes during pregnancy on maternal and cord blood folate concentrations have not been well established. OBJECTIVES: In this prospective study, we determined maternal and cord blood concentrations of folate and unmetabolized folic acid (UMFA) in a cohort of pregnant Canadian women and their newborns and examined the effect of maternal intakes of folate and folic acid and fetal genetic variants in folate metabolism on folate status...
October 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fakhraddin Naghibalhossaini, Hesam Ehyakonandeh, Alireza Nikseresht, Eskandar Kamali
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating neuro- inflammatory autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. Genetic predisposition has long been suspected in the etiology of this disease. The association between MTHFR polymorphisms and MS has been ivestigated in different ethnic groups. We investigated the association between MTHFR C677T and A1298C missense variants and MS in 180 patients and 231 age- and gender-matched healthy controls in a Southern Iranian population. The mutagenically separated PCR (MS-PCR) and PCR-RFLP methods were used to genotype MTHFR at position 677 and 1298, respectively...
2015: International Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine
Borwin Bandelow, Dirk Wedekind
Around half the inmates in prison institutions have antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). A recent theory has proposed that a dysfunction of the endogenous opioid system (EOS) underlies the neurobiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD). In the present theoretical paper, based on a comprehensive database and hand search of the relevant literature, this hypothesis is extended to ASPD, which may be the predominant expression of EOS dysfunction in men, while the same pathology underlies BPD in women. According to evidence from human and animal studies, the problematic behaviours of persons with antisocial, callous, or psychopathic traits may be seen as desperate, unconscious attempts to stimulate their deficient EOS, which plays a key role in brain reward circuits...
November 2015: Human Psychopharmacology
J Ge, J Wang, F Zhang, B Diao, Z F Song, L L Shan, W Wang, H J Cao, X Q Li
We investigated the correlation between 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene methylation and pre-eclampsia, and its clinical significance, by comparing methylation in the MTHFR gene promoter of the placenta and peripheral venous blood in pre-eclampsia and normal gravidas. We enrolled 259 gravidas from the People's Liberation Army 202nd Hospital, China, between January 2011 and September 2011, including 127 pre-eclampsia and 132 nor-mal gravidas. Methylation levels of the MTHFR gene in placentas in two sets of gravidas were detected by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction, plasma homocysteine levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and folic acid and vitamin B12 levels were detected by electrochemiluminescence...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Ebrahim Miri-Moghaddam, Shirin Saravani, Yasamn Garme, Arezoo Khosravi, Ali Bazi, Jamaledin Motazedian
BACKGROUND: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene encodes an essential enzyme involving in folate metabolism. Due to the role of folate in DNA integrity, polymorphisms of MTHFR are interesting targets for cancer risk studies. Our goal was to evaluate the prevalence of MTHFR C677T and A1298T single nucleotide polymorphisms in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS: The study was conducted on 57 OSCC patients diagnosed within 2004-2013 along with 62 non-OSCC subjects...
February 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Manal F Ismail, Waheba A Zarouk, Mona O Ruby, Wael M Mahmoud, Randa S Gad
BACKGROUND: Folate metabolism dysfunctions can result in DNA hypomethylation and abnormal chromosome segregation. Two common polymorphisms of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) encoding gene (C677T and A1298C) reduce MTHFR activity, but when associated with aneuploidy, the results are conflicting. Turner Syndrome (TS) is an interesting model for investigating the association between MTHFR gene polymorphisms and nondisjunction because of the high frequency of chromosomal mosaicism in this syndrome...
2015: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Won-Cheol Park, Jeong-Hwan Chang
PURPOSE: Hyperhomocysteinemia has been identified as an independent risk factor in arterial and venous thrombosis. Mutations in genes encoding methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), involved in the metabolism of homocysteine, may account for reduced enzyme activity and elevated plasma homocysteine levels. In this study, we investigated the interrelation of MTHFR C677T genotype and level of homocysteine in patients with arterial and venous thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 146 patients who were diagnosed as having arterial and venous thrombosis...
December 2014: Vascular Specialist International
Dongze Wu, Deshun Shi, Li Yang, Xiaoliang Zhu
Several studies have evaluated the associations between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and psoriasis. However, the results remain inconclusive. The objective of the present study was to conduct a qualitative and quantitative meta-analysis investigating the associations between MTHFR C677T and psoriasis. A published work search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database were conducted to identify all publications concerning MTHFR C677T polymorphism and psoriasis on 1 October 2014...
February 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Shusuke Numata, Makoto Kinoshita, Atsushi Tajima, Akira Nishi, Issei Imoto, Tetsuro Ohmori
BACKGROUND: The results of meta-analyses conducted by previous association studies between total homocysteine and schizophrenia suggest that an elevated total homocysteine level is a risk factor for schizophrenia. However, observational studies have potential limitations, such as confounding and reverse causation. In the present study, we evaluated a causal relationship between plasma total homocysteine and schizophrenia by conducting a Mendelian randomization analysis. METHODS: We used the MTHFR C677T polymorphism as an instrumental variable, which affects the plasma total homocysteine levels...
2015: BMC Medical Genetics
De-shan Liu, Wei Gao, Er-shun Liang, Shu-li Wang, Wei-wei Lin, Wei-dong Zhang, Qing Jia, Rui-chen Guo, Ji-dong Zhang
This study was designed to investigate the effect and mechanism of allicin on hyperhomocysteinemia-induced experimental vascular endothelial dysfunction in rats. Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: the normal control rats (NC), the high-methionine-diet rats (Met), the high-methionine-diet rats treated with folic acid, vitaminB₆ and vitaminB₁₂ (Met+F), or with low-dose allicin (Met+L), or with high-dose allicin (Met+H). After 6 weeks, we collected blood samples of all groups to determine plasma endothelin (ET), serum homocysteine (Hcy), nitric oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and detected the expression of basic fibroblast growth factors (bFGF), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the aorta...
August 15, 2013: European Journal of Pharmacology
Avinoam Shiran, Eric Remer, Ihab Asmer, Basheer Karkabi, Eran Zittan, Aliza Cassel, Mira Barak, Orit Rozenberg, Khaled Karkabi, Moshe Y Flugelman
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with increased cardiovascular risk, but treatment with folic acid has no effect on outcome in unselected patient populations. OBJECTIVES: To confirm previous observations on the association of homozygosity for the TT MTHFR genotype with B12 deficiency and endothelial dysfunction, and to investigate whether patients with B12 deficiency should be tested for 677MTHFR genotype. METHODS: We enrolled 100 individuals with B12 deficiency, tested them for the MTHFR C677T polymorphism and measured their homocysteine levels...
May 2015: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Luca Elli, Valentina Rossi, Dario Conte, Anna Ronchi, Carolina Tomba, Manuela Passoni, Maria Teresa Bardella, Leda Roncoroni, Gianpaolo Guzzi
Background and Aim. Although mercury is involved in several immunological diseases, nothing is known about its implication in celiac disease. Our aim was to evaluate blood and urinary levels of mercury in celiac patients. Methods. We prospectively enrolled 30 celiac patients (20 treated with normal duodenal mucosa and 10 untreated with duodenal atrophy) and 20 healthy controls from the same geographic area. Blood and urinary mercury concentrations were measured by means of flow injection inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
2015: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
María Eugenia Cabaña-Muñoz, José María Parmigiani-Izquierdo, Luis Alberto Bravo-González, Hee-Moon Kyung, José Joaquín Merino
BACKGROUND: The induction of oxidative stress by Hg can affect antioxidant enzymes. However, epidemiological studies have failed to establish clear association between dental fillings presence and health problems. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether heavy metals (in hair), antioxidant enzymes (SOD-1) and glutathione levels could be affected by the chronic presence of heavy metals in women who had dental amalgam fillings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 55 hair samples (42 females with amalgam fillings and 13 female control subjects) were obtained...
2015: PloS One
Giel-Jan de Vries, Anja Lok, Roel Mocking, Johanna Assies, Aart Schene, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality through somatic conditions, particularly cardiovascular disease. The one-carbon metabolism in connection with the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis may be an important mediator of this increased cardiovascular risk. METHODS: In a mixed-gender sample of 49 PTSD patients and 45 healthy controls we therefore investigated: (1) alterations in the one-carbon metabolism as reflected in fasting plasma concentrations of homocysteine, folate, vitamins B6 and B12, and (2) associations of these one-carbon metabolites with the HPA-axis hormones cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEA-S)...
September 15, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
Nithya Narayanan, Sathnur Basappa Pushpakumar, Srikanth Givvimani, Sourav Kundu, Naira Metreveli, Dexter James, Adrienne P Bratcher, Suresh C Tyagi
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is prevalent in patients with hypertension and is an independent risk factor for aortic pathologies. HHcy is known to cause an imbalance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), leading to the accumulation of collagen in the aorta and resulting in stiffness and development of hypertension. Although the exact mechanism of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is unclear, emerging evidence implicates epigenetic regulation involving DNA methylation...
August 2014: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Pei-Pei Kung, Buwen Huang, Luke Zehnder, John Tatlock, Patrick Bingham, Cody Krivacic, Ketan Gajiwala, Wade Diehl, Xiu Yu, Karen A Maegley
A series of novel enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) inhibitors was designed based on the chemical structure of the histone methyltransferase (HMT) inhibitor SAH (S-adenosyl-l-homocysteine). These nucleoside-based EZH2 inhibitors blocked the methylation of nucleosomes at H3K27 in biochemical assays employing both WT PRC2 complex as well as a Y641N mutant PRC2 complex. The most potent compound, 27, displayed IC50's against both complexes of 270 nM and 70 nM, respectively. To our knowledge, compound 27 is the most potent SAH-derived inhibitor of the EZH2 PRC2 complex yet identified...
April 1, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
2015-07-02 03:15:05
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