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23 papers 100 to 500 followers
Giuseppe D'Agostino, Claudia Cristiano, David J Lyons, Rita Citraro, Emilio Russo, Carmen Avagliano, Roberto Russo, Giuseppina Mattace Raso, Rosaria Meli, Giovambattista De Sarro, Lora K Heisler, Antonio Calignano
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nuclear peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) plays a fundamental role in the regulation of lipid homeostasis and is the target of medications used to treat dyslipidemia. However, little is known about the role of PPAR-α in mouse behavior. METHODS: To investigate the function of Ppar-α in cognitive functions, a behavioral phenotype analysis of mice with a targeted genetic disruption of Ppar-α was performed in combination with neuroanatomical, biochemical and pharmacological manipulations...
July 2015: Molecular Metabolism
Pauline Belujon, Nicole L Jakobowski, Hannah K Dollish, Anthony A Grace
Drug addiction is a chronic disorder characterized by a cycle composed of drug seeking, intoxication with drug taking and withdrawal associated with negative affect. Numerous studies have examined withdrawal/negative affect after chronic use; however, very few have examined the effect of acute administration on the negative affective state after acute drug withdrawal. One dose of amphetamine was injected into Sprague-Dawley rats. Despair behavior using the modified forced swim test (FST) and dopamine (DA) activity in the ventral tegmental area using in vivo electrophysiological recordings were studied 18, 48 and 72 h after injection of amphetamine...
January 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Stéphanie Bioulac, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Pierre Philip
The links between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and sleep disorders remain unclear. Specific sleep disorders are a frequent comorbid condition associated with ADHD according to a categorical approach. However, sleep disorders can also induce ADHD-like symptoms according to a dimensional approach and are thought to be the consequence of excessive daytime sleepiness. It may thus be difficult for clinicians to differentiate the diagnosis of ADHD comorbid with a sleep disorder from sleep disorders with ADHD-like symptoms...
August 2015: Current Psychiatry Reports
Matthew A Jarrett
The current study examined attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and anxiety symptoms in relation to self-reported executive functioning deficits in emerging adults. College students (N = 421; ages 17-25; 73.1% female) completed self-reports of ADHD, anxiety, and executive functioning in a laboratory setting. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed that self-reported executive functioning deficits were significantly related to all 3 symptom domains. Executive functioning deficits were most strongly related to inattention followed by hyperactivity/impulsivity and anxiety...
February 2016: Psychological Assessment
Giulia Costa, Micaela Morelli, Nicola Simola
BACKGROUND: Rats emit 50 kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in response to either natural or pharmacological pleasurable stimuli, and these USVs have emerged as a new behavioral measure for investigating the motivational properties of drugs. Earlier studies have indicated that activation of the dopaminergic system is critically involved in 50 kHz USV emissions. However, evidence also exists that non-dopaminergic neurotransmitters participate in this behavioral response. METHODS: To ascertain whether glutamate transmission plays a role in 50 kHz USV emissions stimulated by amphetamine, rats received five amphetamine (1-2mg/kg, i...
October 2015: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Birgitte Thylstrup, Thomas Clausen, Morten Hesse
OBJECTIVES: To present the prevalence and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a national cohort of patients seeking treatment for drug use disorders (DUD). METHODS: This is a longitudinal record linkage study of consecutive DUD treatment admissions between 2000 and 2006 from Denmark. RESULTS: Of 17,642 patients seeking treatment for DUD, 828 individuals (4.53%) had a history of CVD at treatment entry. Among the remaining patients, 16,820 were traced and 1535 new incident cases of CVD were observed during a mean follow-up time of 7...
September 2015: International Journal of Public Health
Jonathan R Kaltman, Charles I Berul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Heike Weber, Sarah Kittel-Schneider, Julia Heupel, Lena Weißflog, Lindsey Kent, Florian Freudenberg, Aet Alttoa, Antonia Post, Sabine Herterich, Jan Haavik, Anne Halmøy, Ole B Fasmer, Elisabeth T Landaas, Stefan Johansson, Bru Cormand, Marta Ribasés, Cristina Sánchez-Mora, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Barbara Franke, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Andreas Reif
Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder featuring complex genetics with common and rare variants contributing to disease risk. In a high proportion of cases, ADHD does not remit during adolescence but persists into adulthood. Several studies suggest that NOS1, encoding nitric oxide synthase I, producing the gaseous neurotransmitter NO, is a candidate gene for (adult) ADHD. We here extended our analysis by increasing the original sample, adding two further samples from Norway and Spain, and conducted subgroup and co-morbidity analysis...
September 2015: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Günter U Höglinger, Daniel Alvarez-Fischer, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Miriam Djufri, Andrea Windolph, Ursula Keber, Andreas Borta, Vincent Ries, Rainer K W Schwarting, Dieter Scheller, Wolfgang H Oertel
Parkinson disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by massive loss of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Whereas onset of motor impairments reflects a rather advanced stage of the disorder, hyposmia often marks the beginning of the disease. Little is known about the role of the nigro-striatal system in olfaction under physiological conditions and the anatomical basis of hyposmia in PD. Yet, the early occurrence of olfactory dysfunction implies that pathogens such as environmental toxins could incite the disease via the olfactory system...
September 2015: Acta Neuropathologica
Evelyn Vingilis, Patricia G Erickson, Maggie E Toplak, Nathan J Kolla, Robert E Mann, Jane Seeley, Mark vanderMaas, Deanne S Daigle
Background. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that can persist in adolescence and adulthood. Aim. To examine prevalence of ADHD symptoms and correlates in a representative sample of adults 18 years and older living in Ontario, Canada. Method. We used the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Monitor, an ongoing cross-sectional telephone survey, to examine the relationships between ADHD positive symptoms and comorbidities, substance use, medication use, social outcomes, and sociodemographics...
2015: BioMed Research International
Jakub Jedynak, Matthew Hearing, Anna Ingebretson, Stephanie R Ebner, Matthew Kelly, Rachel A Fischer, Saïd Kourrich, Mark J Thomas
Repeated exposure to psychostimulant drugs such as cocaine or amphetamine can promote drug-seeking and -taking behavior. In rodent addiction models, persistent changes in excitatory glutamatergic neurotransmission in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) appear to drive this drug-induced behavioral plasticity. To study whether changes in glutamatergic signaling are shared between or exclusive to specific psychostimulant drugs, we examined synaptic transmission from mice following repeated amphetamine or cocaine administration...
January 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Isabel Suarez, B Burle, C Tobon, D Pineda, F Lopera, T Hasbroucq, L Casini
A deficit in "interference control" is commonly found in adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This has mainly been interpreted as difficulties in inhibiting inappropriate responses. However, interference control involves processes other than simply the ability to inhibit. Consequently, we used sophisticated analysis to decipher the additional processes of interference control in these patients. We compared interference control between 16 adults with ADHD and 15 control adults performing a Simon task...
July 2015: Acta Psychologica
Alycia Cantrill, Sarah Wilkes-Gillan, Anita Bundy, Reinie Cordier, Nathan J Wilson
BACKGROUND: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience significant ongoing social difficulties which occur in multiple contexts. Interventions designed to improve these social difficulties have demonstrated minimal effectiveness. Thus, there is a clear need to establish interventions that are effective in addressing the social difficulties of children with ADHD across contexts and in the long term. AIM: To examine the long-term effectiveness and appropriateness of a pilot parent-delivered intervention designed to improve the social play skills of children with ADHD and their playmates...
June 2015: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Protus Arrey Tarkang, Faith A Okalebo, Juma D Siminyu, William N Ngugi, Amos M Mwaura, Jackson Mugweru, Gabriel A Agbor, Anastasia N Guantai
BACKGROUND: Nefang is a polyherbal anti-malarial composed of Mangifera indica ( MiB and MiL; bark and leaf), Psidium guajava ( Pg ), Carica papaya ( Cp ), Cymbopogon citratus ( Cc ), Citrus sinensis ( Cs ) and Ocimum gratissimum ( Og ) (leaves). Previous studies have demonstrated its in vitro and in vivo antiplasmodial activities, antioxidant properties and safety profile. This study aimed at evaluating the antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities of the constituent plants of Nefang which are relevant to the symptomatic treatment of malaria fever...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Gabriele Ende, Sylvia Cackowski, Julia Van Eijk, Markus Sack, Traute Demirakca, Nikolaus Kleindienst, Martin Bohus, Esther Sobanski, Annegret Krause-Utz, Christian Schmahl
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are both characterized by high impulsivity and difficulties in controlling anger and aggression. In BPD, comorbid ADHD may further increase impulsivity. For both disorders, altered MR spectroscopy levels of the neurotransmitters glutamate and GABA as well as some correlations with impulsivity were previously reported. The objective of this study was to investigate the neurotransmitters glutamate and GABA in relation to impulsivity and aggression as expressed in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in groups of female patients with BPD and ADHD, respectively...
January 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
David Williamson, Charlotte Johnston
Certain characteristics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children have long been known to differ by gender. What has not been as widely studied is whether gender is similarly associated with ADHD differences in adults. In this review, the relation between gender and adult ADHD prevalence, persistence, impairment, comorbidity, cognitive functioning, and treatment response was examined across 73 studies. Although gender was related to several characteristics and correlates of adult ADHD, it appeared that many of these gender differences may be at least be partially attributed to methodological artifacts or social and cultural influences, rather than fundamental differences in the expression of ADHD in men and women...
August 2015: Clinical Psychology Review
Marta Valenza, Luca Steardo, Pietro Cottone, Valentina Sabino
RATIONALE: Obesity is a leading public health problem worldwide. Multiple lines of evidence associate deficits in the brain reward circuit with obesity. OBJECTIVE: Whether alterations in brain reward sensitivity precede or are a consequence of obesity is unknown. This study aimed to investigate both innate and obesity-induced differences in the sensitivity to the effects of an indirect dopaminergic agonist. METHODS: Rats genetically prone to diet-induced obesity (DIO) and their counterpart diet-resistant (DR) were fed a chow diet, and their response to D-amphetamine on intracranial self-stimulation and food intake were assessed...
September 2015: Psychopharmacology
Annabeth P Groenman, Corina U Greven, Marjolein M J van Donkelaar, Arnt Schellekens, Kimm J E van Hulzen, Nanda Rommelse, Catharina A Hartman, Pieter J Hoekstra, Marjolein Luman, Barbara Franke, Stephen V Faraone, Jaap Oosterlaan, Jan K Buitelaar
Individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk of developing substance use disorders (SUDs) and nicotine dependence. The co-occurrence of ADHD and SUDs/nicotine dependence may in part be mediated by shared genetic liability. Several neurobiological pathways have been implicated in both ADHD and SUDs, including dopamine and serotonin pathways. We hypothesized that variations in dopamine and serotonin neurotransmission genes were involved in the genetic liability to develop SUDs/nicotine dependence in ADHD...
July 2016: Addiction Biology
Johan Isaksson, Marie Allen, Kent W Nilsson, Frank Lindblad
AIM: Previous studies have shown an association between childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and a down-regulated hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis) with low diurnal cortisol levels. Given the role of the FK506 binding protein 5 (FKBP5) as an important regulator of the negative feedback system of the HPA axis, we set out to investigate possible associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FKBP5 in relation to ADHD and diurnal cortisol levels...
September 2015: Acta Paediatrica
Gabriel R Fries, Samira S Valvassori, Hugo Bock, Laura Stertz, Pedro Vieira da Silva Magalhães, Edimilson Mariot, Roger B Varela, Marcia Kauer-Sant'Anna, João Quevedo, Flávio Kapczinski, Maria Luiza Saraiva-Pereira
Progression of bipolar disorder (BD) has been associated with cognitive impairment and changes in neuroplasticity, including a decrease in serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). However, no study could examine BDNF levels directly in different brain regions after repeated mood episodes to date. The proposed animal model was designed to mimic several manic episodes and evaluate whether the performance in memory tasks and BDNF levels in hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and amygdala would change after repeated amphetamine (AMPH) exposure...
September 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Research
2015-06-05 11:47:50
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