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Elderly ICU

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15 papers 0 to 25 followers Elderly patients in ICU
By Jaime Anabalon Internal medicine resident, interested in teaching
Magnolia Cardona-Morrell, Ken Hillman
OBJECTIVE: To develop a screening tool to identify elderly patients at the end of life and quantify the risk of death in hospital or soon after discharge for to minimise prognostic uncertainty and avoid potentially harmful and futile treatments. DESIGN: Narrative literature review of definitions, tools and measurements that could be combined into a screening tool based on routinely available or obtainable data at the point of care to identify elderly patients who are unavoidably dying at the time of admission or at risk of dying during hospitalisation...
March 2015: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Bertrand Guidet, Eric Hodgson, Charles Feldman, Fathima Paruk, Jeffrey Lipman, Younsuck Koh, Jean Louis Vincent, Elie Azoulay, Charles L Sprung
INTRODUCTION: Life-sustaining treatment (LST) limitation for elderly patients is highly controversial. In that context, it is useful to evaluate the attitudes to LST in the elderly among experienced intensive care unit (ICU) physicians with different backgrounds and cultures. METHODS: A panel of 22 international ICU physicians from 13 countries responded to a questionnaire related to withholding (WH) and withdrawing (WD) LST in elderly patients using a semi-Likert scale...
December 2014: Journal of Critical Care
F Mearelli, D Orso, N Fiotti, N Altamura, A Breglia, M De Nardo, I Paoli, M Zanetti, C Casarsa, G Biolo
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of evidence points out that a large amount of patients with sepsis are admitted and treated in medical ward (MW). With most of the sepsis studies conducted in intensive care unit (ICU), these patients, older and with more comorbidities have received poor attention. Provided the differences between the two groups of patients, results of diagnostic and therapeutic trials from ICU should not be routinely transferred to MW, where sepsis seems to be at least as common as in ICU...
February 2015: Infection
Nicole B Gabler, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Jason Wagner, David A Asch, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Derek C Angus, Scott D Halpern
RATIONALE: The aging population may strain intensive care unit (ICU) capacity and adversely affect patient outcomes. Existing fluctuations in demand for ICU care offer an opportunity to explore such relationships. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether transient increases in ICU strain influence patient mortality, and to identify characteristics of ICUs that are resilient to surges in capacity strain. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 264,401 patients admitted to 155 U...
October 1, 2013: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Charles L Sprung, Marion Danis, Gaetano Iapichino, Antonio Artigas, Jozef Kesecioglu, Rui Moreno, Anne Lippert, J Randall Curtis, Paula Meale, Simon L Cohen, Mitchell M Levy, Robert D Truog
RATIONALE: Intensive care unit (ICU) resources are limited in many hospitals. Patients with little likelihood of surviving are often admitted to ICUs. Others who might benefit from ICU are not admitted. OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated consensus statement on the principles and recommendations for the triage of patients for ICU beds. DESIGN: The previous Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) consensus statement was used to develop drafts of general and specific principles and recommendations...
November 2013: Intensive Care Medicine
M Garrouste-Orgeas, A Tabah, A Vesin, F Philippart, A Kpodji, C Bruel, C Grégoire, A Max, J F Timsit, B Misset
PURPOSE: To assess physician decisions about ICU admission for life-sustaining treatments (LSTs). METHODS: Observational simulation study of physician decisions for patients aged ≥80 years. Each patient was allocated at random to four physicians who made decisions based on actual bed availability and existence of an additional bed before and after obtaining information on patient preferences. The simulations involved non-invasive ventilation (NIV), invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), and renal replacement therapy after a period of IMV (RRT after IMV)...
September 2013: Intensive Care Medicine
F Philippart, A Vesin, C Bruel, A Kpodji, B Durand-Gasselin, P Garçon, M Levy-Soussan, J L Jagot, N Calvo-Verjat, J F Timsit, B Misset, M Garrouste-Orgeas
PURPOSE: To assess preferences among individuals aged ≥80 years for a future hypothetical critical illness requiring life-sustaining treatments. METHODS: Observational cohort study of consecutive community-dwelling elderly individuals previously hospitalised in medical or surgical wards and of volunteers residing in nursing homes or assisted-living facilities. The participants were interviewed at their place of residence after viewing films of scenarios involving the use of non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV), invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), and renal replacement therapy after a period of invasive mechanical ventilation (RRT after IMV)...
September 2013: Intensive Care Medicine
C Brandberg, H Blomqvist, M Jirwe
BACKGROUND: By 2050, the percentage of the population older than 80 years will double, and some data suggest that elderly patients receive less advanced treatment. Information of outcome in elderly (≥ 65 year), representing roughly half the intensive care unit (ICU) admissions, in Sweden is scarce. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. We included all critically ill patients aged 65 or older (n = 605), admitted to the ICU during the years 2010-2011. Patients were categorized into two age groups: 65-79 (64%) and above 80 (36%)...
July 2013: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
F H Andersen, R Kvåle
BACKGROUND: The number of elderly (≥ 80 years) will increase markedly in Norway over the next 20 years, increasing the demand for health-care services, including intensive care. The aims of this study were to see if intensive care unit (ICU) resource use and survival are different for elderly ICU patients than for younger adult ICU patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study comparing ICU patients between 50 and 79.9 years (Group I) with patients over 80 years (Group II) registered in the Norwegian Intensive Care Registry from 2006 to 2009...
November 2012: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Charles L Sprung, Antonio Artigas, Jozef Kesecioglu, Angelo Pezzi, Joergen Wiis, Romain Pirracchio, Mario Baras, David L Edbrooke, Antonio Pesenti, Jan Bakker, Chris Hargreaves, Gabriel Gurman, Simon L Cohen, Anne Lippert, Didier Payen, Davide Corbella, Gaetano Iapichino
RATIONALE: Life and death triage decisions are made daily by intensive care unit physicians. Admission to an intensive care unit is denied when intensive care unit resources are constrained, especially for the elderly. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intensive care unit triage decisions on mortality and intensive care unit benefit, specifically for elderly patients. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study of triage decisions from September 2003 until March 2005...
January 2012: Critical Care Medicine
Charles L Sprung, Mario Baras, Gaetano Iapichino, Jozef Kesecioglu, Anne Lippert, Chris Hargreaves, Angelo Pezzi, Romain Pirracchio, David L Edbrooke, Antonio Pesenti, Jan Bakker, Gabriel Gurman, Simon L Cohen, Joergen Wiis, Didier Payen, Antonio Artigas
OBJECTIVE: Life and death triage decisions are made daily by intensive care unit physicians. Scoring systems have been developed for prognosticating intensive care unit mortality but none for intensive care unit triage. The objective of this study was to develop an intensive care unit triage decision rule based on 28-day mortality rates of admitted and refused patients. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study of triage decisions from September 2003 until March 2005...
January 2012: Critical Care Medicine
Jay Menaker, Thomas M Scalea
We describe the physiology of aging and its effect on elderly, critically ill, surgical patients. Postoperative age-specific complications and their management will be reviewed. The number of elderly persons, defined as those >65 yrs of age, is the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population. As a result, the frequency of surgery, both elective and emergent, performed on elderly patients will increase. Aging is associated with a decrease in the physiologic reserve; thus, many elderly persons are unable to compensate for the increased metabolic demands that accompany acute illness or injury...
September 2010: Critical Care Medicine
Ariane Boumendil, Dominique Somme, Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Bertrand Guidet
As the general population ages, an increasing number of patients over 80 years are being admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Selection of older patients for ICU admission results in lower rates of co-morbidities and underlying fatal diseases. After adjustment for disease severity, ICU and post-ICU mortality rates are higher in elderly patients than in younger populations. Age itself explains only a small part of the increased hospital mortality, suggesting that specific information such as functional, cognitive, and nutritional status, as well as co-morbidities, should be collected to predict mortality in elderly ICU patients...
July 2007: Intensive Care Medicine
Paul E Marik
People who are older than 65 years of age are the fastest growing segment of the United States population. With the projected exponential increase in the number of elderly patients and the increasing burden of chronic disease, the number of elderly patients who will require treatment in an intensive care unit is expected to increase. Owing to the elderly patient's reduced life expectancy and higher intensive care unit and hospital mortality, it could be argued that elderly patients should not be admitted to the intensive care unit...
February 2007: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Paul E Marik
OBJECTIVE: To review the effect of an aging society on the utilization of critical care services and the physiology of aging as it applies to critical illness and prognosis and management issues in the intensive care unit (ICU). DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE, Embase, and citation review of relevant primary and review articles. DATA SYNTHESIS: Elderly patients (age of >65 yrs) currently account for 42-52% of ICU admissions and for almost 60% of all ICU days...
September 2006: Critical Care Medicine
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