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152 papers 25 to 100 followers Hier werden Studien und Reviews gesammelt, die für Handtherapeuten interessant sind. Akademie für Handrehabilitation (AFH) Facebook:
Lanlan Ji, Xuerong Deng, Yan Geng, Zhibo Song, Zhuoli Zhang
The aim of this study was to assess the benefit of ultrasonography (US) contributing to 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria in diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), when anti-citrullinated protein (CCP) antibody and radiographic erosions are absent. Ninety-four patients suffering from arthritis of at least one joint in hands, symptom duration of less than 2 years, normal radiographs at baseline, and negative anti-CCP had 22 joint US assessments and were followed prospectively for at least 12 months...
February 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
Juana Medina, Michael Rivlin, Joanna Chan, Pedro K Beredjiklian
Ganglion cysts are the most common wrist tumors, and 60 -70% originate dorsally from the scapholunate interval. Ossification of these lesions is exceedingly rare, with only one such lesion located in the finger reported in the literature. We present a case of an ossified dorsal wrist ganglion in a 68-year-old woman.
October 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Gregory Ian Bain, Simon Bruce Murdoch MacLean, Chong Jin Yeo, Egon Perilli, David M Lichtman
Kienböck disease is a condition that typically occurs in the "at-risk" patient, in the "at-risk" aspect of the proximal condyle of the "at-risk" lunate. In the active male, repetitive loading causes the stress fracture that commences in the single layer proximal subchondral bone plate. The lunate fracture commences at the point the lunate cantilevers over the edge of the distal radius, and then takes on the shape of the radius. We postulate that the stress fracture violates the parallel veins of the venous subarticular plexus-leading to localized venous hypertension and subsequent ischemia and edema of the fatty marrow...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Dimitrios Stasinopoulos, Ioannis Stasinopoulos
STUDY DESIGN: RCT. INTRODUCTION: Lateral elbow tendinopathy is a common clinical condition. eccentric exercises. eccentric-concentric loading and, isometric exercises are indicated to reduce and manage tendon pain. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To compare the effectiveness of eccentric training, eccentric-concentric training, and eccentric-concentric training combined with isometric contraction in the treatment of lateral elbow tendinopathy. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was carried out in a rheumatology and rehabilitation center...
January 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Hamish Anderson, Greg Hoy
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. INTRODUCTION: This paper describes conservative guidelines for the management of scapho-lunate interosseous ligament (SLIL) injury including fabrication of an orthosis that restricts active wrist movement to the dart-throwers (DTM) plane. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The dart throwers' orthosis (DTO) was designed as a response to biomechanical studies suggesting that restraining motion to the DTM would off-load a deficient SLIL...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Olga L Hincapie, Jeananne S Elkins, Laura Vasquez-Welsh
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. INTRODUCTION: Previously published studies demonstrate the importance of the sensory innervation of the carpal ligaments and the implication for the sensorimotor control of the wrist. In addition, this case considers key rehabilitation concepts to include the dart-throwing motion and the stabilizing effect of the forearm muscles. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe the rehabilitation program for a patient with chronic wrist pain, diagnosed with a partial tear of the dorsal intercarpal ligament and a sprain of the scapholunate ligament of the right wrist...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Chris Beardsley, Jakob Škarabot
BACKGROUND: Self-myofascial release (SMFR) is a type of myofascial release performed by the individual themselves rather than by a clinician, typically using a tool. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature regarding studies exploring acute and chronic clinical effects of SMFR. METHODS: PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched during February 2015 for studies containing words related to the topic of SMFR. RESULTS: Acutely, SMFR seems to increase flexibility and reduce muscle soreness but does not impede athletic performance...
October 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Alon Rabin, Tomer Israeli, Zvi Kozol
Purpose : To report the outcomes of a physiotherapy management approach for de Quervain's disease (DQD), a common hand disorder for which evidence for physiotherapy management is lacking, in 4 consecutive patients with DQD. Methods : Participants underwent a median of eight treatment sessions, consisting of mobilizations with movement, eccentric muscle training, and high-voltage electrical stimulation. Outcomes were assessed with an 11-point numeric pain rating scale (NPRS; range 1-10) and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (DASH; range 0%-100%)...
August 2015: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
Carlos A Uquillas, Brian M Capogna, William H Rossy, Siddharth A Mahure, Andrew S Rokito
Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) can provide excellent clinical results for patients who fail to respond to conservative management of symptomatic rotator cuff tears. ARCR, however, can be associated with severe postoperative pain and discomfort that requires adequate analgesia. As ARCR continues to shift toward being performed as an outpatient procedure, it is incumbent on physicians and ambulatory surgical centers to provide appropriate pain relief with minimal side effects to ensure rapid recovery and safe discharge...
July 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Senthil Nathan Sambandam, Vishesh Khanna, Arif Gul, Varatharaj Mounasamy
Lesions of the rotator cuff (RC) are a common occurrence affecting millions of people across all parts of the globe. RC tears are also rampantly prevalent with an age-dependent increase in numbers. Other associated factors include a history of trauma, limb dominance, contralateral shoulder, smoking-status, hypercholesterolemia, posture and occupational dispositions. The challenge lies in early diagnosis since a high proportion of patients are asymptomatic. Pain and decreasing shoulder power and function should alert the heedful practitioner in recognizing promptly the onset or aggravation of existing RC tears...
December 18, 2015: World Journal of Orthopedics
Laura Scordino, Frederick W Werner, Brian J Harley
PURPOSE: To determine the in vitro force between the scaphoid and the lunate supported by the scapholunate interosseous ligament (SLIL) during 2 wrist pushup positions. METHODS: Six fresh-frozen cadaveric wrists were tested in a neutral flexion-extension (knuckle) pushup position and in an extended pushup position. Tensile forces were measured across the scapholunate joint as half body weight axial forces were applied through the radius and ulna. Forces were measured after sectioning the SLIL, after also sectioning the dorsal radiocarpal and dorsal intercarpal ligaments, and then after also sectioning the radioscaphocapitate ligament...
May 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Tomasz Wolny, Edward Saulicz, Paweł Linek, Andrzej Myśliwiec, Mariola Saulicz
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: Two-point discrimination (2PD) test can be used to assess both clinical condition and the effects of therapy in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To determine whether there are specific differences in 2PD between symptomatic and asymptomatic hands in CTS patients and to evaluate the impact of 2 therapy regimes on 2PD in patients with CTS. METHODS: Therapy for the neurodynamic mobilization group was based on manual therapy and neurodynamic techniques...
July 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Tessa Gordon
Poor functional outcomes are frequent after peripheral nerve injuries despite the regenerative support of Schwann cells. Motoneurons and, to a lesser extent, sensory neurons survive the injuries but outgrowth of axons across the injury site is slow. The neuronal regenerative capacity and the support of regenerating axons by the chronically denervated Schwann cells progressively declines with time and distance of the injury from the denervated targets. Strategies, including brief low-frequency electrical stimulation that accelerates target reinnervation and functional recovery, and the insertion of cross-bridges between a donor nerve and a recipient denervated nerve stump, are effective in promoting functional outcomes after complete and incomplete injuries...
May 2016: Hand Clinics
Francisco Soldado, Jayme A Bertelli, Marcos F Ghizoni
This article describes the clinically significant motor and sensory deficits that follow high median nerve injuries and addresses the indications, limitations, and outcomes of nerve transfers, when striving to overcome the deficits these patients' experiences. Preferred surgical reconstructive strategy using motor and sensory nerve transfers, and surgical techniques used to perform these transfers, are described.
May 2016: Hand Clinics
Jennifer Megan M Patterson
Peripheral nerve injuries are challenging problems. Nerve transfers are one of many options available to surgeons caring for these patients, although they do not replace tendon transfers, nerve graft, or primary repair in all patients. Distal nerve transfers for the treatment of high ulnar nerve injuries allow for a shorter reinnervation period and improved ulnar intrinsic recovery, which are critical to function of the hand.
May 2016: Hand Clinics
Gabrielle Davis, Catherine M Curtin
Traumatic nerve injuries can be devastating and life-changing events, leading to functional morbidity and psychological stress and social constraints. Even in the event of a successful surgical repair with recovered motor function, pain can result in continued disability and poor quality of life. Pain after nerve injury can also prevent recovery and return to preinjury life. It is difficult to predict which patients will develop persistent pain; once incurred, pain can be even challenging to manage. This review seeks to define the types of pain following peripheral nerve injuries, investigate the pathophysiology and causative factors, and evaluate potential treatment options...
May 2016: Hand Clinics
Lorna Canavan Kahn, Amy M Moore
As nerve transfers become the mainstay in treatment of brachial plexus and isolated nerve injuries, the preoperative and postoperative therapy performed to restore motor function requires continued dedication and appreciation. Through the understanding of the general principles of muscle activation and patient education, the therapist has a unique impact on the return of function in patients with nerve injuries. As surgeons continue to develop novel nerve transfers, the perioperative training, education, and implementation of the donor activation focused rehabilitation approach model is critical to ensure successful outcomes...
May 2016: Hand Clinics
Yukio Abe, Atsushi Moriya, Yasuhiro Tominaga, Koji Yoshida
Background Several different triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tear patterns have been classified through the use of wrist arthroscopy. A tear of the dorsal aspect of the TFCC has been previously reported, but it is not included in Palmer original classification. Our purpose was to describe this type of tear pattern along with the clinical presentation. Methods An isolated dorsal TFCC tear was encountered in seven wrists of six patients (three men and three women; average age was 31 years). All patients were evaluated by physical exam, X-ray, plain axial computed tomography with pronation, neutral and supination position, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with coronal, sagittal, and axial section and arthroscopy...
March 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
M E Brinkhorst, H P Singh, J J Dias, R Feitz, S E R Hovius
Proximal row carpectomy and four-corner fusion are commonly used in the patients with scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse or scapholunate advanced collapse. We compared activities of daily living of the 24 patients after proximal row carpectomy with 24 patients with four-corner fusion procedures using the modified Sollerman hand function test and Michigan Hand Questionnaire. Most tasks were performed significantly quicker by the patients after proximal row carpectomy. The patients after proximal row carpectomy reported better function during activities of daily living...
January 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Sturla Haslerud, Liv Heide Magnussen, Jon Joensen, Rodrigo Alvaro Brandao Lopes-Martins, Jan Magnus Bjordal
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is proposed as a treatment for tendinopathies. This is the first systematic review focusing solely on LLLT treatment effects in shoulder tendinopathy. METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analysis and primary outcome measures pain relief on 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS) and relative risk for global improvement. Two independent assessors rated the included studies according to the PEDro scale. Intervention quality assessments were performed of LLLT dosage and treatment procedures according to World Association for Laser Therapy guidelines...
June 2015: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
2016-02-23 08:51:47
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