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Bed rotation

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By Guy Haines Certified Holistic Nurse working in ICU
Melissa Jackson, Teresa McKenney, Jennifer Drumm, Brian Merrick, Tamara LeMaster, Catherine VanGilder
BACKGROUND: Little has been published about how to prevent pressure ulcers in severely debilitated, immobile patients in intensive care units. OBJECTIVE: To present a possible prevention strategy for postoperative cardiovascular surgery patients at high risk for development of pressure ulcers. METHODS: Staff chose to implement air fluidized therapy beds, which provide maximal immersion and envelopment as a measure for preventing pressure ulcers in patients who (1) required vasopressors for at least 24 hours and (2) required mechanical ventilation for at least 24 hours postoperatively...
August 2011: Critical Care Nurse
Brigid M Gillespie, Wendy P Chaboyer, Elizabeth McInnes, Bridie Kent, Jennifer A Whitty, Lukman Thalib
BACKGROUND: A pressure ulcer (PU), also referred to as a 'pressure injury', 'pressure sore', or 'bedsore' is defined as an area of localised tissue damage that is caused by unrelieved pressure, friction or shearing forces on any part of the body. PUs commonly occur in patients who are elderly and less mobile, and carry significant human and economic impacts. Immobility and physical inactivity are considered to be major risk factors for PU development and the manual repositioning of patients in hospital or long-term care is a common pressure ulcer prevention strategy...
April 3, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Marjolein Woodhouse, Peter R Worsley, David Voegeli, Lisette Schoonhoven, Dan L Bader
BACKGROUND: Individuals who have reduced mobility are at risk of developing pressure ulcers if they are subjected to sustained static postures. To reduce this risk, clinical guidelines advocate healthcare professionals reposition patients regularly. Automated tilting mechanisms have recently been introduced to provide periodic repositioning. This study compared the performance of such a prototype mattress to conventional manual repositioning. METHODS: Ten healthy participants (7 male and 3 female, aged 23-66 years) were recruited to compare the effects of an automated tilting mattress to standard manual repositioning, using the 30° tilt...
February 2015: Clinical Biomechanics
Pirko Maguiña, Holly Kirkland-Walsh
Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) are a problem that has been under increased scrutiny in recent years. To help reduce the incidence of HAPUs and to improve their management, a burn unit-centered wound care team was established. The team decided to pursue two goals: to identify opportunities for improvement that may help prevent HAPUs and to evaluate all available support surfaces to identify those that might best help with pressure redistribution. To identify opportunities for improvement, the team studied each new case of HAPUs throughout our hospital with a forensic chart review for a 3-year period...
September 2014: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Joyce Black, Michael Clark, Carol Dealey, Christopher T Brindle, Paulo Alves, Nick Santamaria, Evan Call
The formulation of recommendations on the use of wound dressings in pressure ulcer prevention was undertaken by a group of experts in pressure ulcer prevention and treatment from Australia, Portugal, UK and USA. After review of literature, they concluded that there is adequate evidence to recommend the use of five-layer silicone bordered dressings (Mepilex Border Sacrum(®) and 3 layer Mepilex Heel(®) dressings by Mölnlycke Health Care, Gothenburg, Sweden) for pressure ulcer prevention in the sacrum, buttocks and heels in high-risk patients, those in Emergency Department (ED), intensive care unit (ICU) and operating room (OR)...
August 2015: International Wound Journal
Gregor Simonis, Kerstin Flemming, Enrico Ziegs, Katrin Haacke, Thomas Rauwolf, Ruth H Strasser
BACKGROUND: Kinetic therapy (KT) has been shown to reduce complications and to shorten hospital stay in trauma patients. Data in non-surgical patients are inconclusive, and kinetic therapy has not been tested in patients with cardiogenic shock. OBJECTIVE: The present analysis compares KT with standard care in patients with cardiogenic shock. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 133 patients with cardiogenic shock admitted to 1 academic heart center was performed...
March 2007: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
N Cullum, E A Nelson, K Flemming, T Sheldon
BACKGROUND: Chronic wounds such as leg ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers and pressure sores are common in both acute and community healthcare settings. The prevention and treatment of these wounds involves many strategies: pressure-relieving beds, mattresses and cushions are universally used as measures for the prevention and treatment of pressure sores; compression therapy in a variety of forms is widely used for venous leg ulcer prevention and treatment; and a whole range of therapies involving laser, ultrasound and electricity is also applied to chronic wounds...
2001: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Sandra K Hanneman, Gary M Gusick, Shannan K Hamlin, Sheryln J Wachtel, Stanley G Cron, Deborah J Jones, Sandra A Oldham
PURPOSE: To estimate effect sizes for a trial to compare preventable pulmonary complications (PPCs), turning-related adverse events, mechanical ventilation duration, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, and ICU mortality between patients randomized to 2-hourly manual or continuous automated lateral rotation. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial pilot study with 15 patients selected randomly from eligible medical-surgical ICU patients from 2 tertiary hospitals and assigned randomly to the manual-turn or automated-turn protocol for up to 7 consecutive days...
January 2015: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
Gregor Simonis, Kerstin Steiding, Kerstin Schaefer, Thomas Rauwolf, Ruth H Strasser
BACKGROUND: Continuous lateral rotation ["Kinetic therapy" (KT)] has been shown to reduce complications and to shorten hospital stay in trauma patients. Data in non-surgical patients is inconclusive. Retrospective data suggest a beneficial effect of KT in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) requiring ventilator therapy. KT, however, has not been tested prospectively in those patients. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, open-label trial was performed to compare KT using oscillating beds (TryaDyne Proventa, KCI) with standard care (SC)...
December 2012: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Stephen Wanless, Matthew Aldridge
AIMS: This article reviews the current evidence, benefits and drawbacks for the use of continuous lateral replacement therapy in the treatment and prevention of nosocomial infections in the ventilated patient. RELEVANT TO PRACTICE: The acquisition of nosocomial infections and the development of pressure sores continue to be major issues in the care of the critically ill, ventilated patient. The use of continuous lateral rotation therapy (CLRT) as an adjunct in the prevention and treatment of pneumonia has increased in popularity in recent years...
January 2012: Nursing in Critical Care
Thomas Bein, Markus Zimmermann, Frank Schiewe-Langgartner, Roland Strobel, Kathrin Hackner, Hans J Schlitt, Michael N Nerlich, Florian Zeman, Bernhard M Graf, Michael Gruber
BACKGROUND: The incidence of posttraumatic acute lung injury is high and may result in increased mortality. Changes in the body position are additional measures to improve pulmonary gas exchange and to prevent pulmonary complications. We investigated the effect of a continuous lateral rotational therapy (CLRT) on the inflammatory response in patients with posttraumatic lung failure. METHODS: After admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) and after randomisation, 13 patients were placed in a special motor-driven bed and CLRT was performed for 5 days...
November 2012: Injury
Thomas Staudinger, Andja Bojic, Ulrike Holzinger, Brigitte Meyer, Marion Rohwer, Friederike Mallner, Peter Schellongowski, Oliver Robak, Klaus Laczika, Michael Frass, Gottfried J Locker
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of prophylactic continuous lateral rotation therapy on the prevalence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay, and mortality in critically ill medical patients. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, clinical study. SETTING: Three medical intensive care units of an university tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: Patients were randomized to continuous lateral rotation therapy or standard care if they were mechanically ventilated for <48 hrs and free from pneumonia...
February 2010: Critical Care Medicine
Leslie Swadener-Culpepper, Rita L Skaggs, Catherine A Vangilder
BACKGROUND: Significant pulmonary complications are prevalent in intubated and mechanically ventilated patients. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the impact of continuous lateral rotation therapy (CLRT) on patients considered to be at high risk for pulmonary complications. Overall study objectives included hospital length of stay, critical care length of stay, ventilator days, and cost to treat. METHODS: Patients at risk for pulmonary complications as defined by Pao2/Fio2 ratio < 300, Fio2 > 50% for more than 1 hour, positive end-expiratory pressure > or = 8, or a Predicus score of > or = 5 were compared with a historical comparison group that met the high-risk criteria given above and did not receive CLRT...
July 2008: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Carol Anderson, Laurie Rappl
Continuous lateral rotation therapy utilizes mattresses and beds that move the patient in a regular pattern around a longitudinal axis. Although these devices have been used for several decades for other medical purposes, literature is scant regarding their role in the treatment of skin breakdown in the bedridden, difficult-to-reposition patient. A descriptive study was undertaken to ascertain the rate of wound healing and number of weeks to achieve wound closure when continuous lateral rotation therapy was employed in patients with partial-thickness (n=10) and full-thickness (n=20) ulcers on the trunk or pelvis...
April 2004: Ostomy/wound Management
Teresa Russell, Angela Logsdon
During a 6-month period, the WOC nurses at a 500-bed medical treatment facility noticed the development of nosocomial pressure ulcers on the sacrum, occiput, and heel areas of patients who were placed on lateral rotation specialty beds because they had pulmonary disorders. Measures were taken to address the problem by repositioning the patients and through a staff education program. Repositioning included repositioning the patient's head every 2 hours, thorough skin assessments every 2 hours, and ensuring that the patient's heels were subject to zero pressure...
May 2003: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Linda Kirschenbaum, Eli Azzi, Tacla Sfeir, Patricia Tietjen, Mark Astiz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of continuous lateral rotational therapy on the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients requiring long-term mechanical ventilation. DESIGN: Prospective control study. SETTING: Chronic ventilator unit in tertiary care hospital. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients requiring long-term mechanical ventilation were assigned to receive either continuous lateral rotational therapy or conventional therapy...
September 2002: Critical Care Medicine
K Whiteman, L Nachtmann, D Kramer, S Sereika, M Bierman
BACKGROUND: When liver transplant candidates and recipients suffer from pulmonary complications of immobility, the results can be life-threatening. Continuous lateral rotation therapy has been reported to decrease complications of immobility. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether continuous lateral rotation therapy decreases the duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit length of stay, incidence or resolution of atelectasis, incidence or onset time of lower respiratory tract infection and pneumonia...
March 1995: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
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