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Stress test

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10 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Joe Weatherly FM/Hospitalist-CoFounder of QuestioningMedicine and PCRAP contributor.
Ron Blankstein, Waleed Ahmed, Fabian Bamberg, Ian S Rogers, Christopher Lothar Schlett, Khurram Nasir, Joao Fontes, Ahmed Tawakol, Thomas J Brady, John T Nagurney, Udo Hoffmann, Quynh A Truong
BACKGROUND: The aims of our study were to (1) examine how data from exercise treadmill testing (ETT) can identify patients who have coronary plaque or stenosis, using CT angiography (CTA) as the reference standard, and (2) identify patient characteristics that may be used in selecting ETT versus CTA. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Rule Out Myocardial Infarction Using Computer-Assisted Tomography (ROMICAT) trial was an observational cohort study of acute chest pain patients presenting to the emergency department with normal initial troponin and a nonischemic ECG...
March 2012: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
T H Marwick, C Case, C Vasey, S Allen, L Short, J D Thomas
BACKGROUND: In studies generally involving short follow-up, exercise echocardiography has been shown to predict composite end points. We sought to study the prediction of mortality with this test and to devise a strategy for combination with standard exercise testing. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical, exercise testing, and echocardiographic data were collected in 5375 patients (aged 54+/-14 years, 3880 men) undergoing exercise echocardiography. The Duke treadmill score was derived from the results of treadmill exercise testing...
May 29, 2001: Circulation
Athanasios Katsikis, Athanasios Theodorakos, Anna Kouzoumi, Spiridon Papaioannou, Alexandros Drosatos, Maria Koutelou
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: Although Duke treadmill score (DTS) is the most widely used risk stratification method in younger patients undergoing exercise treadmill test (ETT) its specific value in the elderly is not established. METHODS: 137 patients aged ≥80 years who underwent ETT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) were studied. DTS and MPI (including summed stress scores, SSS) related data were registered per patient and follow up was performed to document cardiac death (CD), myocardial infarction (MI) and late (>3 months) revascularization (LR)...
October 2014: Atherosclerosis
Massimo Villella, Alessandro Villella, Luigi Santoro, Eugenio Santoro, Maria Grazia Franzosi, Aldo Pietro Maggioni
BACKGROUND: The aims of the study were to evaluate the performance of the Duke Treadmill Score (DTS) and the Veteran Affairs Medical Center Score (VAMCS) in predicting 6-month death in GISSI-2 study survivors of acute myocardial infarction treated with thrombolytic agents, and to develop a simple predictive scoring system from the same database. METHODS: Patients of the GISSI-2 study (n = 6251) performed a maximal symptom-limited exercise test 1 month after myocardial infarction...
March 2003: American Heart Journal
Siu-Sun Yao, Vikram Agarwal, Farooq A Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Submaximal stress testing or achieving <85% maximum predicted heart rate (MPHR) may lead to nondiagnostic results and indeterminate outcomes. High exercise capacity (≥ 10 metabolic equivalents, METS) is a predictor of favorable prognosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of submaximal or high exercise capacity stress echocardiography. METHODS: We evaluated 1781 patients (55 ± 13 years; 59% male) undergoing treadmill stress echocardiography divided into 811 patients with submaximal (<85% MPHR) and 970 patients with high exercise capacity (≥ 10 METS)...
March 2014: Echocardiography
Siu-Sun Yao, Omar Wever-Pinzon, Xiaoqian Zhang, Sripal Bangalore, Farooq A Chaudhry
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of stress echocardiography in patients with angiographically significant coronary artery disease (CAD). Two hundred sixty patients (mean age 63 ± 10 years, 58% men) who underwent stress echocardiography (41% treadmill, 59% dobutamine) and coronary angiography within 3 months and without intervening coronary revascularization were evaluated. All patients had significant CAD as defined by coronary stenosis ≥70% in major epicardial vessels or branches (45% had single-vessel disease, and 55% had multivessel disease)...
January 15, 2012: American Journal of Cardiology
D B Mark, L Shaw, F E Harrell, M A Hlatky, K L Lee, J R Bengtson, C B McCants, R M Califf, D B Pryor
BACKGROUND: The treadmill exercise test identifies patients with different degrees of risk of death from cardiovascular events. We devised a prognostic score, based on the results of treadmill exercise testing, that accurately predicts outcome among inpatients referred for cardiac catheterization. This study was designed to determine whether this score could also accurately predict prognosis in unselected outpatients. METHODS: We prospectively studied 613 consecutive outpatients with suspected coronary disease who were referred for exercise testing between 1983 and 1985...
September 19, 1991: New England Journal of Medicine
Bilal Aijaz, Luciano Babuin, Ray W Squires, Stephen L Kopecky, Bruce D Johnson, Randal J Thomas, Thomas G Allison
BACKGROUND: Poor exercise capacity, abnormal heart rate responses, and electrocardiographic abnormalities during treadmill exercise testing independently predict mortality. The combined relationship of these 3 variables to determine the incremental increase in mortality was compared in groups with and without known cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Patients referred for treadmill exercise testing during 1986 to 1991 were included. Exercise capacity <74% (of age- and gender-predicted value), heart rate reserve of <68 beat/min, and horizontal or down-sloping ST depression of > or =1 mm were considered abnormal...
October 2008: American Heart Journal
Jennifer M F Kwok, Todd D Miller, David O Hodge, Raymond J Gibbons
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the Duke treadmill score works less well for risk stratification in patients age 75 years or above. BACKGROUND: Although the Duke treadmill score is generally effective for risk stratification, its prognostic value in the elderly may be limited because they have a higher prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD), more severe CAD and a lower exercise tolerance. METHODS: The study population consisted of 247 patients age 75 years or above, and the control population consisted of 2,304 patients below 75 years of age...
May 1, 2002: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
J M Kwok, T D Miller, T F Christian, D O Hodge, R J Gibbons
CONTEXT: Exercise testing of patients with ST-T abnormalities on the resting electrocardiogram (ECG) is problematic because in the presence of pre-existing ST-T abnormalities, the exercise test is less specific for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. The prognostic capability of the Duke treadmill score in patients with ST-T abnormalities vs those with normal findings on resting ECG has, to our knowledge, not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prognostic accuracy of the Duke treadmill score in patients with nonspecific ST-T abnormalities vs those with normal results on resting ECG...
September 15, 1999: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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