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Atrial fibrillation

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8 papers 25 to 100 followers
Inkyong Hur, Yong Kyu Lee, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Yoshitsugu Obi
BACKGROUND: Residual kidney function (RKF) is often expected to inevitably and rapidly decline among hemodialysis patients and, hence, has been inadvertently ignored in clinical practice. The importance of RKF has been revisited in some recent studies. Given that patients with end-stage renal disease now tend to initiate maintenance hemodialysis therapy with higher RKF levels, there seem to be important opportunities for incremental hemo-dialysis by individualizing the dose and frequency according to their RKF levels...
December 11, 2018: Cardiorenal Medicine
Hongliu Yang, Feng Chen, He Jiao, Han Luo, Yang Yu, Hyokyoung G Hong, Yi Li, Ping Fu, Tianlei Cui
OBJECTIVES: Catheter-related right atrial thrombosis (CRAT) is an underreported but potentially life-threatening complication associated with the use of tunneled-cuffed catheters among hemodialysis (HD) patients. Because little is known about the evidence-based guidelines for the optimal management of CRAT among HD patients, this article reports findings based on 20 patients diagnosed with CRAT after catheter replacement and anticoagulation treatment. METHODS: The article retrospectively reviews the hospital records of 20 HD patients treated in the West China Hospital with diagnosis of CRAT from March 2013 to May 2016...
November 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Seonjeong Jeong, Gi Byoung Nam, Jai Won Chang, Min-Ju Kim, Youngjin Han, Tae-Won Kwon, Yong-Pil Cho
BACKGROUND: We investigated the impact of a transvenous cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) placement on outcomes and arteriovenous vascular access (VA) patency among chronic hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This is a single-center, observational comparative study between chronic hemodialysis patients with ipsilateral and contralateral CIED and VA. Forty-two consecutive patients who underwent both CIED placement and upper-extremity VA for hemodialysis, regardless of the sequence and time interval between these 2 procedures, were identified between January 2001 and December 2017...
October 20, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Pablo E Pergola, David M Spiegel, Suzette Warren, Jinwei Yuan, Matthew R Weir
BACKGROUND: Patiromer is a sodium-free, nonabsorbed, potassium binder approved for treatment of hyperkalemia. This open-label study compares the efficacy and safety of patiromer administered without food versus with food. METHODS: Adults with hyperkalemia (potassium ≥5.0 mEq/L) were randomized (1:1) to receive patiromer once daily without food or with food for 4 weeks. The dosage was adjusted (maximum: 25.2 g/day) using a prespecified titration schedule to achieve and maintain potassium within a target range (3...
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
Simardeep Gill, Min Jun, Pietro Ravani
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation and the risk of stroke display an age-related increase in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. Evidence from large randomized controlled trials conducted in the general population supports the use of anticoagulation to reduce the risk of stroke in the setting of non-valvular atrial fibrillation. However, data in the non-dialysis-dependent and dialysis-dependent CKD populations are limited largely to observational studies, which demonstrate conflicting results regarding the risk-benefit profile of anticoagulation...
July 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Kai-Uwe Eckardt, Iain A Gillespie, Florian Kronenberg, Sharon Richards, Peter Stenvinkel, Stefan D Anker, David C Wheeler, Angel L de Francisco, Daniele Marcelli, Marc Froissart, Jürgen Floege
Early mortality is high in hemodialysis (HD) patients, but little is known about early cardiovascular event (CVE) rates after HD initiation. To study this we analyzed data in the AROii cohort of incident HD patients from over 300 European Fresenius Medical Care dialysis centers. Weekly rates of a composite of CVEs during the first year and monthly rates of the composite and its constituents (coronary artery, cerebrovascular, peripheral arterial, congestive heart failure, and sudden cardiac death) during the first 2 years after HD initiation were assessed...
November 2015: Kidney International
Diana Yuan Yng Chiu, Smeeta Sinha, Philip A Kalra, Darren Green
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the most common cause of death in haemodialysis patients, accounting for 25% of all-cause mortality. There are many potential pathological precipitants as most patients with end-stage renal disease have structurally or functionally abnormal hearts. For example, at initiation of dialysis, 74% of patients have left ventricular hypertrophy. The pathophysiological and metabolic milieu of patients with end-stage renal disease, allied to the regular stresses of dialysis, may provide the trigger to a fatal cardiac event...
December 2014: Nephrology
Cecilia Gutierrez, Daniel G Blanchard
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. It impairs cardiac function and increases the risk of stroke. The incidence of atrial fibrillation increases with age. Key treatment issues include deciding when to restore normal sinus rhythm, when to control rate only, and how to prevent thromboembolism. Rate control is the preferred management option in most patients. Rhythm control is an option for patients in whom rate control cannot be achieved or who have persistent symptoms despite rate control...
January 1, 2011: American Family Physician
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