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By Ye Htet Aung I am a general surgeon
Kazım Gemici, Ahmet Okuş, Serden Ay
AIM: To present the effectiveness of minimal invasive vascular zet ligation in the surgical treatment of haemorrhoidal disease (HD). METHODS: Among 138 patients with 2(nd)-4(th) grade internal HD having several complaints and operated at our hospital between 2003-2013; 116 patients who regularly attended 1-year control were included in the study. Operation times, postoperative early period pain, satisfaction score, complications and relapse details were obtained from computer records retrospectively...
January 27, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
L H Olsen, K H Andreassen
The plasma urea:creatinine ratio (U:C ratio) is known to be elevated in cases of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Almost all patients with haematemesis have upper gastrointestinal (or generalized) bleeding so that in this study we characterized the diagnostic power of the U:C ratio in patients with stools containing altered blood without haematemesis in the hope that this simple laboratory test (used in conjunction, perhaps, with clinical data) might reduce the number of patients subjected to an unrewarding gastroscopy or colonoscopy...
January 1991: British Journal of Surgery
Shaikh Samiullah, Rahoopoto Qasim, Shaikh Khalid, Baloch Ghulam Hussain, Jaffery Mukhtair, Yousfani Akbar
BACKGROUND: Original Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score has traditionally being used as a useful tool to assess prognosis in cirrhotic patients but the serum creatinine level has recently seen as an important predictor of survival in patients with liver cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy ofCP and modified CP score for predicting in hospital survival as well as cirrhosis related complications such as encephalopathy, haematemesis and ascites in patients with decompensated cirrhosis...
April 2009: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
P Almqvist, L Leandoer, A Törnqvist
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether antibiotic treatment with cefuroxime and tinidazole started during the operation was as effective as treatment started before operation in patients with gangrenous non-perforated appendicitis. DESIGN: Prospective randomised study. SETTING: University hospital, Sweden. SUBJECTS: 114 patients with gangrenous, non-perforated appendicitis who had had antibiotics started before operation and 120 whose treatment was started during operation out of a total of 575 who presented with a presumptive diagnosis of appendicitis...
June 1995: European Journal of Surgery, Acta Chirurgica
Layla Shbat, Sherif Emil, Sherif Elkady, Robert Baird, Jean-Martin Laberge, Pramod Puligandla, Kenneth Shaw
BACKGROUND: We previously reported a validated, objective definition of gangrenous, nonperforated appendicitis. In this study, we compared a cohort of children with gangrenous appendicitis treated with abridged antibiotics (AA) to another treated with prolonged antibiotics (PA). METHODS: In 2012, our service changed its standard of care for gangrenous appendicitis from PA to AA. In PA, patients received postoperative triple antibiotics until ileus resolved, they were afebrile (<37...
December 2014: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Brian A Coakley, Eric S Sussman, Theodore S Wolfson, Anil S Bhagavath, Jacqueline J Choi, Nalin E Ranasinghe, Elizabeth T Lynn, Celia M Divino
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis remains the most common cause of acute abdominal pain necessitating operative intervention. Although postoperative antibiotics are universally used for perforated appendicitis, no consensus exists on whether postoperative antibiotics are beneficial for preventing surgical site infections (SSIs) in nonperforated cases. We set out to determine how postoperative antibiotic therapy affects outcomes after appendectomy for nonperforated appendicitis. STUDY DESIGN: The medical records of 1,000 patients undergoing appendectomy for nonperforated appendicitis at The Mount Sinai Medical Center from January 2005 through July 2010 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2011: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
E Taylor, V Dev, D Shah, J Festekjian, F Gaw
The proper duration of postoperative intravenous (IV) antibiotics in patients suffering complicated (perforated or gangrenous) appendicitis is debatable. Some advocate a set minimum number of IV antibiotic days whereas others discontinue IV antibiotics depending on the patient's clinical course regardless of the length of therapy. Our objective was to determine whether there are differences in morbidity and resource utilization between the two treatment methodologies. Ninety-four patients with intraoperative findings of complicated appendicitis were included...
September 2000: American Surgeon
Wayne Hsu, Ching-Shyang Chen, Hung-Chia Lee, Hung-Hua Liang, Li-Jen Kuo, Po-Li Wei, Ka-Wai Tam
BACKGROUND: Chronic groin pain after inguinal hernia repair, a serious problem, is caused by entrapment of the ilioinguinal nerve either by mesh or development of fibrosis. Division of the ilioinguinal nerve during hernioplasty has been found to reduce the incidence of chronic groin pain. However, the traditional approach favors preservation of the ilioinguinal nerve during open hernia repair. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that compared the outcomes of preservation versus division of the ilioinguinal nerve during open mesh repair of inguinal hernia...
October 2012: World Journal of Surgery
Ali Zohair Nomani, Asad Khizar Malik, Muhammad Saleem Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To identify prognostic factors for perforated duodenal ulcers and to devise and assess a new scoring system. METHODS: The observational prospective study was conducted at the Mayo Hospital, Lahore in two phases: from March 2010 to September 2011; and from October 2011 to July 2012. It included patients with duodenal ulcer perforation who were observed for identifying factors predicting 30-day prognosis. Each of the predictive factor was given a score based on its severity to devise a new scoring system...
January 2014: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
J Metzger, S Styger, C Sieber, M von Flüe, P Vogelbach, F Harder
BACKGROUND: Most patients with chronic peptic ulcer disease have Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. In the past, immediate acid-reduction surgery has been strongly advocated for perforated peptic ulcers because of the high incidence of ulcer relapse after simple closure. Simple oversewing procedures either by an open or laparoscopic approach together with H. pylori eradication appear to supersede definitive ulcer surgery. METHODS: In 47 consecutive patients (mean age = 64 years, range 27-91) suffering from acute peptic ulcer perforation the preoperative presence of H...
February 24, 2001: Swiss Medical Weekly
Yang Won Min, So Young Bae, Geum-Youn Gwak, Yong Han Paik, Moon Seok Choi, Joon Hyoek Lee, Seung Woon Paik, Byung Chul Yoo, Kwang Cheol Koh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify the parameters that could noninvasively predict the presence of esophageal/gastric varices and portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD), and to determine the accuracy of those parameters. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 232 patients with CLD who underwent both upper endoscopy and liver CT within an interval of 3 months. The multidimensional index (M-Index) for spleen volume was obtained from the multiplication of splenic length, width, and thickness, as measured by computer tomography...
June 2012: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
Fen Wang, Guangkui Bu, Shourong Shen, Wuliang Tang, Canxia Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) on liver function and analyze the risk factors of rebleeding after EVL. METHODS: A total of 137 cirrhotic patients with esophageal varices who received EVL were retrospectively analyzed, and divided into group A, B, and C according to the Child-Pugh scores of liver function. We compared the liver function 1 week preoperatively and postoperatively. The patients were further divided into a rebleeding group and a non-rebleeding group after the EVL, and risk factors about rebleeding were analyzed...
May 2013: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
D L Buck, M H Møller
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) is a strong predictor of mortality in the general population. In spite of the medical hazards of obesity, a protective effect on mortality has been suggested in surgical patients: the obesity paradox. The aim of the present nationwide cohort study was to examine the association between BMI and mortality in patients treated surgically for perforated peptic ulcer (PPU). METHODS: This was a national prospective cohort study of all Danish patients treated surgically for PPU between 1 February 2003 and 31 August 2009, for whom BMI was registered...
July 2014: British Journal of Surgery
J J Atema, C C van Rossem, M M Leeuwenburgh, J Stoker, M A Boermeester
BACKGROUND: Non-operative management may be an alternative for uncomplicated appendicitis, but preoperative distinction between uncomplicated and complicated disease is challenging. This study aimed to develop a scoring system based on clinical and imaging features to distinguish uncomplicated from complicated appendicitis. METHODS: Patients with suspected acute appendicitis based on clinical evaluation and imaging were selected from two prospective multicentre diagnostic accuracy studies (OPTIMA and OPTIMAP)...
July 2015: British Journal of Surgery
Mike A Thomson, Neme Leton, Dalia Belsha
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition in childhood. In adults with UGIB, validated scoring systems exist, but these are not applicable to children. The aim of this study was to construct a clinical scoring system to accurately predict the need for endoscopic haemostatic intervention. METHODS: A retrospective data collection occurred during a 3-year period at a tertiary children's hospital. A total of 69 patients who had had endoscopic assessment were divided into group 1 (no intervention required) and group 2 (intervention required)...
May 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
C C van Rossem, M H F Schreinemacher, K Treskes, R M van Hogezand, A A W van Geloven
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic treatment after appendicectomy for complicated appendicitis aims to reduce postoperative infections. However, available data on the duration of treatment are limited. This study compared the difference in infectious complications between two protocols, involving either 3 or 5 days of postoperative antibiotic treatment. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study of all adult patients who had an appendicectomy between January 2004 and December 2010 at either one of two hospitals in the same region...
May 2014: British Journal of Surgery
Raymond Farah, Rola Khamisy-Farah
OBJECTIVE: Infection with the bacterial pathogen Helicobacter pylori (HP) clearly results in chronic mucosal inflammation in the stomach and duodenum, which, in turn, might lead to abnormalities in gastroduodenal motility and sensitivity and is the most frequent cause of dyspepsia and peptic disease. Some studies have shown that there was a correlation between low-grade inflammation as C-reactive protein (CRP) and HP infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the presence of gastritis due to HP infection and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a simple and reliable indicator of inflammation...
May 2014: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Kevin P Wevers, Henderik L van Westreenen, Gijsbert A Patijn
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to enable prediction of risk for conversion in early laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. METHODS: Multivariate analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were used to define independent predictors for conversion and optimal cutoffs. Using those, a scoring system was created to predict conversion. RESULTS: In 261 patients, conversion to open cholecystectomy was necessary in 62 cases (24%)...
April 2013: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Wael N Yacoub, Mikael Petrosyan, Indu Sehgal, Yanling Ma, Parakrama Chandrasoma, Rodney J Mason
The objective was to develop a score, to stratify patients with acute cholecystitis into high, intermediate, or low probability of gangrenous cholecystitis. The probability of gangrenous cholecystitis (score) was derived from a logistic regression of a clinical and pathological review of 245 patients undergoing urgent cholecystectomy. Sixty-eight patients had gangrenous inflammation, 132 acute, and 45 no inflammation. The score comprised of: age > 45 years (1 point), heart rate > 90 beats/min (1 point), male (2 points), Leucocytosis > 13,000/mm(3) (1...
2010: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Shinji Himeno, Seiei Yasuda, Yasuhisa Oida, Sayuri Mukoyama, Takayuki Nishi, Masaya Mukai, Hisao Nakasaki, Hiroyasu Makuuchi
Acute appendicitis is usually encountered clinically as acute abdomen. Typical cases are easy to diagnose, but it can sometimes be very difficult to make a diagnosis in atypical cases. We retrospectively studied patients who underwent ultrasonography for right-sided lower abdominal pain suggesting acute appendicitis, and assessed the accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis. The subjects were 202 patients (100 males and 102 females) aged 6-89 years (mean: 33.3 years). From the ultrasonic findings, appendicitis was classified as follows: 1) catarrhal: a clear layer structure of the appendiceal wall and mucosal edema; 2) phlegmonous: an ill-defined layer structure of the appendiceal wall, moderate enlargement of the apendix, and maximum transverse dimension of > or = 10 mm; and 3) gangrenous: unidentifiable layer structure of the appendiceal wall and marked enlargement to form a mass...
April 2003: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
2015-04-22 06:40:56
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