Michael Makdissi, Meghan L Critchley, Robert C Cantu, Jeffrey G Caron, Gavin A Davis, Ruben J Echemendia, Pierre Fremont, K Alix Hayden, Stanley A Herring, Sidney R Hinds, Barry Jordan, Simon Kemp, Michael McNamee, David Maddocks, Shinji Nagahiro, Jon Patricios, Margot Putukian, Michael Turner, Stacy Sick, Kathryn J Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the scientific literature regarding factors to consider when providing advice or guidance to athletes about retirement from contact or collision sport following sport-related concussion (SRC), and to define contraindications to children/adolescent athletes entering or continuing with contact or collision sports after SRC. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, SPORTSDiscus, APA PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched systematically...
June 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Paul H Eliason, Jean-Michel Galarneau, Ash T Kolstad, M Patrick Pankow, Stephen W West, Stuart Bailey, Lauren Miutz, Amanda Marie Black, Steven P Broglio, Gavin A Davis, Brent E Hagel, Jonathan D Smirl, Keith A Stokes, Michael Takagi, Ross Tucker, Nick Webborn, Roger Zemek, Alix Hayden, Kathryn J Schneider, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prevention strategies, their unintended consequences and modifiable risk factors for sport-related concussion (SRC) and/or head impact risk. DESIGN: This systematic review and meta-analysis was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42019152982) and conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. DATA SOURCES: Eight databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, APA PsycINFO, Cochrane (Systematic Review and Controlled Trails Registry), SPORTDiscus, EMBASE, ERIC0 were searched in October 2019 and updated in March 2022, and references searched from any identified systematic review...
June 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Margot Putukian, Laura Purcell, Kathryn J Schneider, Amanda Marie Black, Joel S Burma, Avinash Chandran, Adrian Boltz, Christina L Master, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Vicki Anderson, Gavin A Davis, Pierre Fremont, John J Leddy, David Maddocks, Zahra Premji, Paul E Ronksley, Stanley Herring, Steven Broglio
OBJECTIVE: To define the time frames, measures used and modifying factors influencing recovery, return to school/learn (RTL) and return to sport (RTS) after sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: 8 databases searched through 22 March 2022. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies with diagnosed/suspected SRC and interventions facilitating RTL/RTS or investigating the time and modifying factors for clinical recovery...
June 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Jason B Tabor, Benjamin L Brett, Lindsay Nelson, Timothy Meier, Linden C Penner, Andrew R Mayer, Ruben J Echemendia, Thomas McAllister, William P Meehan, Jon Patricios, Michael Makdissi, Silvia Bressan, Gavin A Davis, Zahra Premji, Kathryn J Schneider, Henrik Zetterberg, Michael McCrea
OBJECTIVE: Determine the role of fluid-based biomarkers, advanced neuroimaging, genetic testing and emerging technologies in defining and assessing neurobiological recovery after sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Searches of seven databases from 1 January 2001 through 24 March 2022 using keywords and index terms relevant to concussion, sports and neurobiological recovery. Separate reviews were conducted for studies involving neuroimaging, fluid biomarkers, genetic testing and emerging technologies...
June 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
John J Leddy, Joel S Burma, Clodagh M Toomey, Alix Hayden, Gavin A Davis, Franz E Babl, Isabelle Gagnon, Christopher C Giza, Brad G Kurowski, Noah D Silverberg, Barry Willer, Paul E Ronksley, Kathryn J Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise the evidence regarding the risks and benefits of physical activity (PA), prescribed aerobic exercise treatment, rest, cognitive activity and sleep during the first 14 days after sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Meta-analysis was performed for PA/prescribed exercise interventions and a narrative synthesis for rest, cognitive activity and sleep. Risk of bias (ROB) was determined using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network and quality assessed using Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations...
June 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Keith Owen Yeates, Anu M Räisänen, Zahra Premji, Chantel T Debert, Pierre Frémont, Sidney Hinds, Jonathan D Smirl, Karen Barlow, Gavin A Davis, Ruben J Echemendia, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Colm Fuller, Isabelle Gagnon, Christopher C Giza, Grant L Iverson, Michael Makdissi, Kathryn J Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To determine what tests and measures accurately diagnose persisting post-concussive symptoms (PPCS) in children, adolescents and adults following sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: A systematic literature review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus through March 2022. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Original, empirical, peer-reviewed findings (cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies and case series) published in English and focused on SRC...
June 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Kathryn J Schneider, Meghan L Critchley, Vicki Anderson, Gavin A Davis, Chantel T Debert, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Isabelle Gagnon, Kevin M Guskiewicz, K Alix Hayden, Stanley Herring, Corson Johnstone, Michael Makdissi, Christina L Master, Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, Jon S Patricios, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Paul E Ronksley, Noah D Silverberg, Keith Owen Yeates
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated interventions to facilitate recovery in children, adolescents and adults with a sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Systematic review including risk of bias (modified Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network tool). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE(R) and Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, APA PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, SPORTDiscus and Scopus searched until March 2022...
June 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Lawrence Richer, William Craig, Meghan Linsdell, Ken Tang, Roger Zemek
Although there is significant variability in the manifestations of persisting post-concussive symptoms (PPCS), autonomic dysfunction has been reported to contribute to PPCS and could serve as a biomarker of recovery. The objective of this study was to evaluate cardiac autonomic reflexes and autonomic function after concussion injury comparing those with prolonged concussion symptoms to those without. This is a case-control study where a non-referred population of concussed children or adolescent participants were enrolled from the Emergency Department (ED) of the Stollery Children's Hospital, a tertiary pediatric hospital in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada...
August 10, 2023: Journal of Neurotrauma
Natalie S Sherry, Alicia Kissinger-Knox, Lisa Manderino, Shawn Eagle, Anne Mucha, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
BACKGROUND: There are few guidelines on the appropriate clinical tools to evaluate mTBI in older adults. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the utility of a multidomain assessment to differentiate older adults with mTBI from controls. METHODS: Participants included 68 older adults (37% male) aged 60-76 ( M  = 66.24, SD  = 4.50) years. Thirty-four patients were diagnosed with a mTBI at a specialty mTBI clinic within 90 days of injury, and age- and sex-matched to 34 community controls...
June 8, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Kevin D Thomas, Zoe K Lombard, Anthony L Shadiack
CONTEXT: Concussions are the most common type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can often occur in athletes. These injuries have many deleterious acute symptoms and can lead to the development of postconcussive syndrome (PCS). Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a treatment option that may benefit patients with concussions and PCS. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to determine whether OMT can improve symptoms associated with concussions and PCS in athletes...
June 7, 2023: Journal of osteopathic medicine
Allie J Tracey, André G Bateman, Shelby E Baez, Tracey Covassin
OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess the effectiveness and quality of interventions targeted at improving mental health, well-being, and psychosocial impairments post-concussion. DATA SOURCES: EBSCOHost, SPORTSDiscus, PsychINFO, Medline (Web of Science), PubMed, and Embase databases. REVIEW METHODS: This systematic review is reported in accordance with the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement in exercise, rehabilitation, sport medicine and sports science (PERSiST)...
August 24, 2023: Brain Injury
Mille Nabsen Marwaa, Heidi Klakk Egebæk, Julie Dalgaard Guldager
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe occupational and physiotherapy rehabilitation modalities used to support an interdisciplinary rehabilitation in adults (aged 16 + years) with concussion. METHODS: A scoping review methodology was used. Included studies were categorized according to Wade's elements of rehabilitation and the Danish White Paper definition of rehabilitation. RESULTS: Ten studies were included in this review, addressing: "assessment" (n = 9), "goal-setting" (n = 4), "training" (n = 10), and "social participation and discharge support" (n = 4)...
May 25, 2023: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Landon B Lempke, Elizabeth F Teel, Robert C Lynall, Nicole L Hoffman, Thomas A Buckley, James T Eckner, Michael A McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Steven P Broglio, Julianne D Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates early exercise may improve symptoms and reduce clinical recovery time after concussion, but research examining collegiate student-athletes is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare symptom recovery time, clinical recovery time, and persisting post-concussion symptom (i.e., symptoms ≥ 28 days) prevalence by the timing of light exercise initiation before the graded return to play (RTP) protocol among concussed participants...
May 20, 2023: Sports Medicine
Elizabeth Teel, Christophe Alarie, Bonnie Swaine, Nathan E Cook, Grant L Iverson, Isabelle Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Graded exertion testing (GXT) is an important tool for concussion management, as it is used to personalize post-concussion exercise prescription and return athletes to sport. However, most GXT requires expensive equipment and in-person supervision. PURPOSE: Our objective was to assess the safety and feasibility of the Montreal Virtual Exertion (MOVE) protocol, a no-equipment, virtually compatible GXT, in healthy children and children with subacute concussion...
May 22, 2023: Journal of Neurotrauma
Samah Abdul Baki, Zohreh Zakeri, Geetha Chari, André Fenton, Ahmet Omurtag
Due to the mildness of initial injury, many athletes with recurrent mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are misdiagnosed with other neuropsychiatric illnesses. This study was designed as a proof-of-principle feasibility trial for athletic trainers at a sports facility to generate electroencephalograms (EEGs) from student athletes for discriminating (mTBI) associated EEGs from uninjured ones. A total of forty-seven EEGs were generated, with thirty athletes recruited at baseline (BL) pre-season, after a concussive injury (IN), and post season (PS)...
May 10, 2023: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Á J Reina Ruíz, A Quintero Cabello
INTRODUCTION: Currently, concussion considers a problem of great magnitude, adolescents and young people being the population at risk, since it is in the process of maturation. Our goal has been to compare the effectiveness of different interventions (exercise therapy, vestibular rehabilitation and rest) in adolescents and young people with concussion. DEVELOPMENT: A bibliographic search was carried out in the main databases. Once the inclusion/exclusion criteria and the PEDro methodological scale were applied, 6 articles were reviewed...
April 28, 2023: Neurología
Alexis L Bailey, Daniel W Capron, Morgan L Buerke, Brian W Bauer
BACKGROUND: Concussions are associated with a variety of physical, cognitive, and mental health impairments. If sustained during adolescence, a time when the brain is undergoing development, the risk of long-term impairments becomes heightened. This is a notable subject for investigation as many concussions are sustained among adolescents during high school sports and other physical activities. METHODS: We used data from the 2019 United States Youth Risk Behavior Survey to investigate the association between concussions and suicidality (i...
April 28, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Rochelle Chauhan, Anika Cheng, Rebecca Tsow, Brodie M Sakakibara, Shelina Babul, Julia Schmidt
CONTEXT: Concussions in youth are highly prevalent. Previously, rest was prescribed to prevent adverse outcomes; however, early return to activity is emerging to improve the recovery trajectory. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of early return to physical and social activity interventions on recovery outcomes in youth with concussion. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was conducted up to October 2022. STUDY SELECTION: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs that reported effects of activity-based interventions on symptoms, quality-of-life (QoL), and return to preinjury activity levels in children and youth after a concussion...
May 1, 2023: Pediatrics
Hoo Young Lee, Sung Eun Hyun, Byung-Mo Oh
Impaired attention is the most common and debilitating cognitive deficit following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Attention is a fundamental function that profoundly influences the performance of other cognitive components such as memory and execution. Intriguingly, attention can be improved through cognitive rehabilitation. This narrative review summarizes the essential elements of rehabilitation for attention problems in acute and post-acute TBI. In the acute phase of mild TBI, investigations into the medical history and daily life performance, neurological examination, screening and management of concomitant sleep-wake disorders or neuropsychiatric disorders, and support and education on the natural course of concussion are covered...
March 2023: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Mohammad Nadir Haider, Ellen Lutnick, Muhammad Nazir, Andrew Nowak, Haley Chizuk, Jeffrey Miecznikowski, Jacob I McPherson, Barry Stewart Willer, John J Leddy
There is no single gold standard test to diagnose sport-related concussion (SRC). Concussion-related exercise intolerance, i.e., inability to exercise to the individual's appropriate level due to exacerbation of concussion-like symptoms, is a frequent finding in athletes early after SRC that has not been systematically evaluated as a diagnostic test of SRC. We performed a systematic review and proportional meta-analysis of studies that evaluated graded exertion testing in athletes after SRC. We also included studies of exertion testing in healthy athletic participants without SRC to assess specificity...
April 4, 2023: Journal of Neurotrauma
2023-04-05 12:42:23
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