Kevin D Thomas, Zoe K Lombard, Anthony L Shadiack
CONTEXT: Concussions are the most common type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can often occur in athletes. These injuries have many deleterious acute symptoms and can lead to the development of postconcussive syndrome (PCS). Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a treatment option that may benefit patients with concussions and PCS. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to determine whether OMT can improve symptoms associated with concussions and PCS in athletes...
June 7, 2023: Journal of osteopathic medicine
Allie J Tracey, André G Bateman, Shelby E Baez, Tracey Covassin
OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess the effectiveness and quality of interventions targeted at improving mental health, well-being, and psychosocial impairments post-concussion. DATA SOURCES: EBSCOHost, SPORTSDiscus, PsychINFO, Medline (Web of Science), PubMed, and Embase databases. REVIEW METHODS: This systematic review is reported in accordance with the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement in exercise, rehabilitation, sport medicine and sports science (PERSiST)...
May 31, 2023: Brain Injury
Mille Nabsen Marwaa, Heidi Klakk Egebæk, Julie Dalgaard Guldager
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe occupational and physiotherapy rehabilitation modalities used to support an interdisciplinary rehabilitation in adults (aged 16 + years) with concussion. METHODS: A scoping review methodology was used. Included studies were categorized according to Wade's elements of rehabilitation and the Danish White Paper definition of rehabilitation. RESULTS: Ten studies were included in this review, addressing: "assessment" (n = 9), "goal-setting" (n = 4), "training" (n = 10), and "social participation and discharge support" (n = 4)...
May 25, 2023: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Landon B Lempke, Elizabeth F Teel, Robert C Lynall, Nicole L Hoffman, Thomas A Buckley, James T Eckner, Michael A McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Steven P Broglio, Julianne D Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates early exercise may improve symptoms and reduce clinical recovery time after concussion, but research examining collegiate student-athletes is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare symptom recovery time, clinical recovery time, and persisting post-concussion symptom (i.e., symptoms ≥ 28 days) prevalence by the timing of light exercise initiation before the graded return to play (RTP) protocol among concussed participants...
May 20, 2023: Sports Medicine
Elizabeth Teel, Christophe Alarie, Bonnie Swaine, Nathan E Cook, Grant L Iverson, Isabelle Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Graded exertion testing (GXT) is an important tool for concussion management, as it is used to personalize post-concussion exercise prescription and return athletes to sport. However, most GXT requires expensive equipment and in-person supervision. PURPOSE: Our objective was to assess the safety and feasibility of the Montreal Virtual Exertion (MOVE) protocol, a no-equipment, virtually compatible GXT, in healthy children and children with subacute concussion...
May 22, 2023: Journal of Neurotrauma
Samah Abdul Baki, Zohreh Zakeri, Geetha Chari, André Fenton, Ahmet Omurtag
Due to the mildness of initial injury, many athletes with recurrent mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are misdiagnosed with other neuropsychiatric illnesses. This study was designed as a proof-of-principle feasibility trial for athletic trainers at a sports facility to generate electroencephalograms (EEGs) from student athletes for discriminating (mTBI) associated EEGs from uninjured ones. A total of forty-seven EEGs were generated, with thirty athletes recruited at baseline (BL) pre-season, after a concussive injury (IN), and post season (PS)...
May 10, 2023: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Á J Reina Ruíz, A Quintero Cabello
INTRODUCTION: Currently, concussion considers a problem of great magnitude, adolescents and young people being the population at risk, since it is in the process of maturation. Our goal has been to compare the effectiveness of different interventions (exercise therapy, vestibular rehabilitation and rest) in adolescents and young people with concussion. DEVELOPMENT: A bibliographic search was carried out in the main databases. Once the inclusion/exclusion criteria and the PEDro methodological scale were applied, 6 articles were reviewed...
April 28, 2023: Neurología
Alexis L Bailey, Daniel W Capron, Morgan L Buerke, Brian W Bauer
BACKGROUND: Concussions are associated with a variety of physical, cognitive, and mental health impairments. If sustained during adolescence, a time when the brain is undergoing development, the risk of long-term impairments becomes heightened. This is a notable subject for investigation as many concussions are sustained among adolescents during high school sports and other physical activities. METHODS: We used data from the 2019 United States Youth Risk Behavior Survey to investigate the association between concussions and suicidality (i...
April 28, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Rochelle Chauhan, Anika Cheng, Rebecca Tsow, Brodie M Sakakibara, Shelina Babul, Julia Schmidt
CONTEXT: Concussions in youth are highly prevalent. Previously, rest was prescribed to prevent adverse outcomes; however, early return to activity is emerging to improve the recovery trajectory. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of early return to physical and social activity interventions on recovery outcomes in youth with concussion. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was conducted up to October 2022. STUDY SELECTION: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs that reported effects of activity-based interventions on symptoms, quality-of-life (QoL), and return to preinjury activity levels in children and youth after a concussion...
May 1, 2023: Pediatrics
Hoo Young Lee, Sung Eun Hyun, Byung-Mo Oh
Impaired attention is the most common and debilitating cognitive deficit following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Attention is a fundamental function that profoundly influences the performance of other cognitive components such as memory and execution. Intriguingly, attention can be improved through cognitive rehabilitation. This narrative review summarizes the essential elements of rehabilitation for attention problems in acute and post-acute TBI. In the acute phase of mild TBI, investigations into the medical history and daily life performance, neurological examination, screening and management of concomitant sleep-wake disorders or neuropsychiatric disorders, and support and education on the natural course of concussion are covered...
March 2023: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Mohammad Nadir Haider, Ellen Lutnick, Muhammad Nazir, Andrew Nowak, Haley Chizuk, Jeffrey Miecznikowski, Jacob I McPherson, Barry Stewart Willer, John J Leddy
There is no single gold standard test to diagnose sport-related concussion (SRC). Concussion-related exercise intolerance, i.e., inability to exercise to the individual's appropriate level due to exacerbation of concussion-like symptoms, is a frequent finding in athletes early after SRC that has not been systematically evaluated as a diagnostic test of SRC. We performed a systematic review and proportional meta-analysis of studies that evaluated graded exertion testing in athletes after SRC. We also included studies of exertion testing in healthy athletic participants without SRC to assess specificity...
April 4, 2023: Journal of Neurotrauma
Tracey Covassin, Aaron J Zynda, Megan C Loftin, Alyssa M Pollard-McGrandy, Allie J Tracey, Christopher P Tomczyk
CONTEXT: Research indicates that individuals may experience anxiety symptoms following concussion. A potential mechanism for these presentations are shifts in anxiety throughout recovery. OBJECTIVE: To examine state and trait anxiety in individuals following concussion throughout recovery compared to healthy matched controls. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University laboratory setting. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: 78 high school and college-aged individuals (concussion: n=39, age=18...
March 27, 2023: Journal of Athletic Training
Kannan Singaravelu Jaganathan, Karen A Sullivan, Sally Kinmond, Sara Berndt, Steve Street, Catherine Haden, Jaimi Greenslade, Katie McMahon, Gary Mitchell, Graham Kerr
CONTEXT: Exercise rehabilitation for postconcussion symptoms (PCS) has shown some benefits in adolescent athletes; but a synthesis of evidence on exercise per se has been lacking. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to determine if unimodal exercise interventions are useful to treat PCS and if so, to identify a set of clearly defined and effective exercise parameters for further research. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant health databases and clinical trial registries were searched from inception to June 2022...
March 20, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Daniel Miner, Brent Harper
CONTEXT: The Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test (BCTT) is a standard assessment of exercise tolerance utilized for exercise prescription following concussion and to inform decisions regarding return to play. One limitation of the BCTT is that interpretation of test results is dependent on individuals' self-report of symptom exacerbation with exertion. Symptoms following concussion are significantly underreported or unreported. Combining objective neurocognitive assessment with exercise tolerance testing may enable clinicians to objectively identify those requiring further assessment or rehabilitation before return to play...
March 20, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Brittney R Lins, Chidozie C Anyaegbu, Sarah C Hellewell, Melissa Papini, Terence McGonigle, Luca De Prato, Matthew Shales, Melinda Fitzgerald
Traumatic brain injury is common, and often results in debilitating consequences. Even mild traumatic brain injury leaves approximately 20% of patients with symptoms that persist for months. Despite great clinical need there are currently no approved pharmaceutical interventions that improve outcomes after traumatic brain injury. Increased understanding of the endocannabinoid system in health and disease has accompanied growing evidence for therapeutic benefits of Cannabis sativa. This has driven research of Cannabis' active chemical constituents (phytocannabinoids), alongside endogenous and synthetic counterparts, collectively known as cannabinoids...
March 19, 2023: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Patricia R Roby, Olivia E Podolak, Matthew Grady, Kristy B Arbogast, Christina L Master
BACKGROUND: A visio-vestibular home exercise program (VV-HEP) can provide an equitable and cost-effective method for therapy targeted towards visio-vestibular deficits that are common following concussion. The effects of a VV-HEP on improving concussion symptoms and visio-vestibular function are unclear. PURPOSE: Determine the effect of VV-HEP on symptoms and visio-vestibular function in concussed pediatric patients. METHODS: This study included 527 patients [294 female (55...
2023: Frontiers in sports and active living
Mitchell Barnhart, R Curtis Bay, Tamara Valovich McLeod
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to investigate if a positive vestibular or oculomotor screening is predictive of recovery in patients following concussion. DATA SOURCES: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to search through PubMed, Ovid Medline, SPORTDiscuss, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and hand searches of included articles. STUDY SELECTION: Two authors evaluated all articles for inclusion and assessed their quality using the Mixed Methods Assessment Tool...
March 14, 2023: Journal of Athletic Training
Harry Hallock, Maron Mantwill, Peter Vajkoczy, Bernd Wolfarth, Claus Reinsberger, Amit Lampit, Carsten Finke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The incidence of sport-related concussion (SRC) has been increasing in different sports and its impact on long-term cognitive function is increasingly recognized. In this study, we review the epidemiology, neuropathophysiology, clinical symptoms, and long-term consequences of SRC with a specific focus on cognition. RECENT FINDINGS: Repeated concussions are associated with an increased risk of several neurologic diseases and long-term cognitive deficits...
April 2023: Neurology. Clinical Practice
Soraya J LeMarshall, Lachlan M Stevens, Nicholas P Ragg, Leia Barnes, Jacinta Foster, Elisa F D Canetti
BACKGROUND: Concussions and mild traumatic brain injuries are the most common causes of physical and cognitive disability worldwide. Concussion can result in post-injury vestibular and balance impairments that can present up to five years post initial concussion event, ultimately affecting many daily and functional activities. While current clinical treatment aims to reduce symptoms, the developing use of technology in everyday life has seen the emergence of virtual reality. Current literature has failed to identify substantial evidence regarding the use of virtual reality in rehabilitation...
March 3, 2023: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Anthony A Oyekan, Shawn Eagle, Alicia M Trbovich, Jeremy D Shaw, Michael Schneider, Michael Collins, Joon Y Lee, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency and association of neck pain symptoms in patients with a concussion. STUDY SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Three-hundred and thirty-one consecutively enrolled patients aged 9 to 68 years with a diagnosed concussion 1 to 384 days post-injury were enrolled at a concussion clinic from a single integrated healthcare system in Western Pennsylvania between 2019 and 2021. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of prospectively collected concussion screening tool intake survey responses and clinical outcomes data...
February 28, 2023: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
2023-03-02 15:23:23
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