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Ophthalmology Pearls

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5 papers 100 to 500 followers
Shikha Gupta, Pooja Shah, Sartaj Grewal, Abadh Kishore Chaurasia, Viney Gupta
AIM: To determine the prevalence, risk factors and the severity of visual loss caused by steroid-induced glaucoma (SIG) among children. METHODS: Five-year records of all paediatric glaucoma cases presenting to the glaucoma services of our tertiary care centre were evaluated. Data of children presenting with SIG were recorded with respect to their visual acuity, highest baseline intraocular pressure, cup:disc ratio, perimetry and need of glaucoma filtering surgery...
November 2015: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Michael V Boland, Ann-Margret Ervin, David S Friedman, Henry D Jampel, Barbara S Hawkins, Daniela Vollenweider, Yohalakshmi Chelladurai, Darcy Ward, Catalina Suarez-Cuervo, Karen A Robinson
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is an acquired degeneration of the optic nerve and a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Medical and surgical treatments that decrease intraocular pressure may prevent visual impairment and blindness. PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of medical, laser, and surgical treatments in adults with open-angle glaucoma with regard to decreasing intraocular pressure and preventing optic nerve damage, vision loss, and visual impairment. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and an existing database for systematic reviews (through 2 March 2011); MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, and CENTRAL for primary studies (through 30 July 2012)...
February 19, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
Juliane Matlach, Christine Dhillon, Johannes Hain, Günther Schlunck, Franz Grehn, Thomas Klink
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of canaloplasty and trabeculectomy in open-angle glaucoma. METHODS: This prospective, randomized clinical trial included 62 patients who randomly received trabeculectomy (n = 32) or canaloplasty (n = 30) and were followed up prospectively for 2 years. Primary endpoint was complete (without medication) and qualified success (with or without medication) defined as an intraocular pressure (IOP) of ≤18 mmHg (definition 1) or IOP ≤21 mmHg and ≥20% IOP reduction (definition 2), IOP ≥5 mmHg, no vision loss and no further glaucoma surgery...
December 2015: Acta Ophthalmologica
Jeffrey J Walline, Kristina Lindsley, Satyanarayana S Vedula, Susan A Cotter, Donald O Mutti, J Daniel Twelker
BACKGROUND: Nearsightedness (myopia) causes blurry vision when looking at distant objects. Highly nearsighted people are at greater risk of several vision-threatening problems such as retinal detachments, choroidal atrophy, cataracts and glaucoma. Interventions that have been explored to slow the progression of myopia include bifocal spectacles, cycloplegic drops, intraocular pressure-lowering drugs, muscarinic receptor antagonists and contact lenses. The purpose of this review was to systematically assess the effectiveness of strategies to control progression of myopia in children...
December 7, 2011: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Quresh Mohamed, Mark C Gillies, Tien Y Wong
CONTEXT: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of blindness in the working-aged population in the United States. There are many new interventions for DR, but evidence to support their use is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To review the best evidence for primary and secondary intervention in the management of DR, including diabetic macular edema. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Systematic review of all English-language articles, retrieved using a keyword search of MEDLINE (1966 through May 2007), EMBASE, Cochrane Collaboration, the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology database, and the National Institutes of Health Clinical Trials Database, and followed by manual searches of reference lists of selected major review articles...
August 22, 2007: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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