Collections PD for the urgent dialysis sta...

PD for the urgent dialysis start (lecture 2015)

References to accompany the Canadian lecture series
Young-Il Jo, Sug Kyun Shin, Jong-Ho Lee, Jong-Oh Song, Jung-Hwan Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a modified method of percutaneous catheter placement without a break-in procedure on the development of catheter-related complications in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). DESIGN: A prospective, observational clinical study. SETTING: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) units of two university-based hospitals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 51 consecutive patients on CAPD...
March 2007: Peritoneal Dialysis International
Oktay Banli, Hasan Altun, Aysegul Oztemel
The ideal method for inserting continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters remains debatable. Minimally invasive techniques are becoming more popular. The routine recommendation for starting PD is 4 - 6 weeks after catheter insertion. We planned a prospective study to evaluate whether this waiting period is necessary. From January 2003 to July 2004, 42 double-cuff Tenckhoff CAPD catheters were inserted into 41 patients. Percutaneous technique was used and PD was started on the sixth day. Only 2 pericatheter leakages (4...
November 2005: Peritoneal Dialysis International
J H Song, G A Kim, S W Lee, M J Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate actual risk of complications and 1-year catheter survival of immediate full-volume 2000-mL dialysate exchange after peritoneal catheter implantation. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective randomized comparative study in a university hospital kidney center. PATIENTS: The study included 59 end-stage renal disease patients entering into a continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis program between January 1996 and December 1997...
March 2000: Peritoneal Dialysis International
Z J Twardowski, R Khanna, K D Nolph, A Scalamogna, M H Metzler, T W Schneider, B F Prowant, L P Ryan
Intraabdominal pressures were measured during natural activities in 6 men, age 24-62 years, treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. The pressures were measured with a pressure transducer secured at the level of the umbilicus in the supine, sitting, and upright positions with 0-3 liters intraperitoneal fluid during talking, coughing, straining, changing position, walking, jogging, exercycling, jumping and weight lifting. Coughing and straining generated the highest intraabdominal pressures in every position...
1986: Nephron
Steven Guest, Alp Akonur, Arshia Ghaffari, James Sloand, John K Leypoldt
BACKGROUND: Intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) is an old strategy that has generally been eclipsed, in the home setting, by daily peritoneal therapies. However, for a select group of patients with exhausted vascular access or inability to receive PD at home, in-center IPD may remain an option or may serve as an incremental strategy before initiation of full-dose PD. We investigated the residual kidney clearance requirements necessary to allow thrice-weekly IPD regimens to meet current adequacy targets...
2012: Peritoneal Dialysis International
Jean-Philippe Rioux, Harpaul Cheema, Joanne M Bargman, Diane Watson, Christopher T Chan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The effect of in-hospital education on the adoption of home dialysis (peritoneal dialysis [PD] and home hemodialysis [HHD]) after an unplanned dialysis start is unknown. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Clinical demographics of consecutive patients acutely initiating hemodialysis (HD) from January 2005 to December 2009 were abstracted using institutional electronic records. All patients received multimedia chronic kidney disease education by the same advanced care nurse practitioner before discharge from the hospital...
April 2011: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Jennifer Hanko, Jacek Jastrzebski, Cheryl Nieva, Leigh White, Guiyun Li, Nadia Zalunardo
BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis (HD) initiation is unplanned in up to 50% of patients, mainly due to late diagnosis and/or late nephrology referral. In these patients, time does not permit the multidisciplinary predialysis care that is associated with increased independent renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality choice and better access to kidney transplantation. We established a Renal Triage Nurse (RTN) position to educate suboptimal HD starts and to facilitate transition to independent modalities of RRT...
July 2011: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Arshia Ghaffari, Vijay Kumar, Steven Guest
Patients with advanced chronic kidney disease nearing dialysis but without pre-established access almost uniformly initiate dialysis with a temporary central venous catheter. These catheters are associated with high rates of infection and flow disturbances, requiring removal and subsequent replacement. Many of these patients might be candidates for peritoneal dialysis (PD), but because of the absence of prior catheter placement, the default initial modality is hemodialysis. Recent reports, however, have demonstrated the feasibility of initiating PD urgently despite the late referral for access placement...
November 2013: Peritoneal Dialysis International
Sharon J Nessim, Joanne M Bargman, Peter C Austin, Rosane Nisenbaum, Sarbjit V Jassal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the decreasing incidence of peritonitis among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients over time, its occurrence is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Determining factors that are associated with PD peritonitis may facilitate the identification of patients who are at risk. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Using data collected in the multicenter Baxter POET database between 1996 and 2005, the study population included incident Canadian PD patients...
July 2009: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Thierry Lobbedez, Christian Verger, Jean-Philippe Ryckelynck, Emmanuel Fabre, David Evans
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study assessed whether assisted peritoneal dialysis (PD) was associated with a lower risk for technique failure using methods developed for survival analysis in the presence of competing risks. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: This retrospective cohort study, based on data from the French Language Peritoneal Dialysis Registry, analyzed 9822 incident patients starting PD between January 2002 and December 2010. The observation period ended on June 1, 2011...
April 2012: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
D J Kim, J A Park, W Huh, Y G Kim, H Y Oh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2000: Peritoneal Dialysis International
Johan V Povlsen, Per Ivarsen
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has become a well-established complementary alternative to haemodialysis (HD) as first-line renal replacement modality. At our department, approximately 50% of the end-stage renal disease patients are started urgently on chronic dialysis due to late referral or unexpected deterioration of residual renal function. These patients--although suitable for PD--were previously started on HD via a temporary central venous catheter. Since January 2000, patients have been offered urgent start on chronic PD right after PD-catheter insertion by open surgery...
July 2006: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Betty K Chui, Braden Manns, Neesh Pannu, James Dong, Natasha Wiebe, Kailash Jindal, Scott W Klarenbach
BACKGROUND: Although there is a strong economic rationale in favor of peritoneal dialysis (PD) over hemodialysis (HD), the potentially costly effect of PD technique failure is an important consideration in PD program promotion that is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Incident dialysis patients were categorized by initial and subsequent modality changes during the first year of dialysis and tracked for inpatient and outpatient costs, physician claims, and medication costs for 3 years using merged administrative data sets...
January 2013: American Journal of Kidney Diseases
A Y-M Wang, K-N Lai
Preserving residual renal function has always been the primary clinical goal for every nephrologist managing patients with chronic kidney disease. There is no reason why this important goal should not extend to patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease receiving dialysis. Indeed, there is now clear evidence that preserving residual renal function remains important after the commencement of dialysis. Residual renal function contributes significantly to the overall health and well-being of dialysis patients...
May 2006: Kidney International
Karen Yeates, Naisu Zhu, Edward Vonesh, Lilyanna Trpeski, Peter Blake, Stanley Fenton
BACKGROUND: There were 35 265 patients receiving renal replacement therapy in Canada at the end of 2007 with 11.0% of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and 48.9% on hemodialysis (HD) and a remaining 40.1% living with a functioning kidney transplant. There are no contemporary studies examining PD survival relative to HD in Canada. The objective was to compare survival outcomes for incident patients starting on PD as compared to HD in Canada. METHODS: Using data from the Canadian Organ Replacement Register, the Cox proportional hazards (PH) model was employed to study survival outcomes for patients initiating PD as compared to HD in Canada from 1991 to 2004 with follow-up to 31 December 2007...
September 2012: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Nancy G Kutner, Rebecca Zhang, Yijian Huang, Haimanot Wasse
BACKGROUND: Few US patients with kidney failure start treatment on peritoneal dialysis (PD) despite its potential survival, quality of life, and cost-saving benefits. We investigated patient awareness of PD and variables associated with PD selection, including dialysis unit ownership and geographic area. METHODS: In a cohort study, incident dialysis patients identified by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and included in the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) were surveyed from 2005 to 2007 for the USRDS Comprehensive Dialysis Study...
January 24, 2011: Archives of Internal Medicine
David C Mendelssohn, Christine Malmberg, Bassem Hamandi
BACKGROUND: Ideally, care prior to the initiation of dialysis should increase the likelihood that patients start electively outside of the hospital setting with a mature arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter. However, unplanned dialysis continues to occur in patients both known and unknown to nephrology services, and in both late and early referrals. The objective of this article is to review the clinical and socioeconomic outcomes of unplanned dialysis initiation...
August 12, 2009: BMC Nephrology
David C Mendelssohn, Bryan Curtis, Karen Yeates, Serge Langlois, Jennifer M MacRae, Lisa M Semeniuk, Fernando Camacho, Philip McFarlane
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to examine patients who initiate renal replacement therapy (RRT) at 10 representative Canadian centers, characterize their initiation as inpatient or outpatient and describe their initial type of dialysis access, duration of pre-dialysis care and clinical status at the time of dialysis initiation. We also examined the impact of an optimal dialysis start (i.e. initiated as an outpatient with an arteriovenous fistula, arteriovenous graft or peritoneal dialysis catheter) on subsequent health outcomes...
September 2011: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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