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Gary Kearns, Sharon Wang
This case report describes the effectiveness of thrust manipulation to the elbow and carpals in the management of a patient referred with a medical diagnosis of cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS). The patient was a 45-year-old woman with a 6-week history of right medial elbow pain, ulnar wrist pain, and intermittent paresthesia in the ulnar nerve distribution. Upon initial assessment, she presented with a positive elbow flexion test and upper limb neurodynamic test with ulnar nerve bias. A biomechanical assessment of the elbow and carpals revealed a loss of lateral glide of the humerus on the ulna and a loss of palmar glide of the triquetral on the hamate...
May 2012: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Andrew G Titchener, Simon J Booker, Nivraj S Bhamber, Amol A Tambe, David I Clark
BACKGROUND: Tennis elbow is a common condition with a variety of treatment options, but little is known about which of these options specialists choose most commonly. Corticosteroid injections in tennis elbow may reduce pain in the short-term but delay long-term recovery. We have undertaken a UK-wide survey of upper limb specialists to assess current practice. METHODS: Cross-sectional electronic survey of current members of the British Elbow and Shoulder Society (BESS) and the British Society for Surgery of the Hand (BSSH)...
November 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Raif Ozden, Vedat Uruç, Yunus Doğramaci, Aydiner Kalaci, Erhan Yengil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment results of the application of nitric oxide (NO) in the form of topical glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis (LE). METHODS: The study included 40 patients with LE randomized into 2 equal groups. Selection criteria included the presence of pain, tenderness, and positive pain stimulating maneuvers. Glyceryl trinitrate patches were applied to the area of maximal tenderness once a day in the treatment group and placebo patches in the control group...
2014: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Shawn W M O'Driscoll, Richard L Lawton, Adam M Smith
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of a painful partial tear of the medial collateral ligament in overhead-throwing athletes is challenging, even for experienced elbow surgeons and despite the use of sophisticated imaging techniques. HYPOTHESIS: The "moving valgus stress test" is an accurate physical examination technique for diagnosis of medial collateral ligament attenuation in the elbow. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
February 2005: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Oke A Anakwenze, Vamsi K Kancherla, Jaicharan Iyengar, Christopher S Ahmad, William N Levine
Symptomatic posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI) results from a lateral collateral ligament complex injury and presents with pain, clicking, and subluxation within the flexion and extension arcs of elbow motion. Often, symptoms and examination characteristics are subtle and can be easily misdiagnosed. Therefore, a thorough history and provocative physical examination maneuvers are important to correctly establish the diagnosis. Patients frequently have a history of elbow trauma such as an episode(s) of elbow dislocation, prior surgery, or previous cortisone injections...
February 2014: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Stephanie H Hsu, Todd C Moen, William N Levine, Christopher S Ahmad
Elbow injury is encountered less frequently than are other joint conditions. The bony architecture, muscle, ligament, and nerve anatomy are complex, and the forces leading to injury in the athlete's elbow are unique. Appreciating the pathomechanics leading to injury and a detailed knowledge of elbow anatomy are the foundation for conducting a directed history and physical examination that achieves an accurate diagnosis. Recent advances in physical examination have improved our ability to accurately diagnose and treat athletic elbow disorders...
March 2012: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Allan K Mishra, Nebojsa V Skrepnik, Scott G Edwards, Grant L Jones, Steven Sampson, Doug A Vermillion, Matthew L Ramsey, David C Karli, Arthur C Rettig
BACKGROUND: Elbow tenderness and pain with resisted wrist extension are common manifestations of lateral epicondylar tendinopathy, also known as tennis elbow. Previous studies have suggested platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to be a safe and effective therapy for tennis elbow. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical value of tendon needling with PRP in patients with chronic tennis elbow compared with an active control group. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 2...
February 2014: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Michael J O'Brien, Felix H Savoie
Posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI) is the most common cause of residual instability following a simple elbow dislocation. PLRI may result from trauma or iatrogenic injury to the radial ulnohumeral ligament during treatment for other conditions, such as lateral epicondylitis. PLRI can be identified through a combination of history and physical examination, and confirmed with magnetic resonance imaging arthrography. Once diagnosed, surgery is necessary to correct persistent instability. Instability can be confirmed arthroscopically through several findings, including subluxation of the radial head on the capitellum and the arthroscopic "drive through sign of the elbow...
September 2014: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
David Rabago, Ken S Lee, Michael Ryan, Amrish O Chourasia, Mary E Sesto, Aleksandra Zgierska, Rick Kijowski, Jessica Grettie, John Wilson, Daniel Miller
OBJECTIVE: Chronic lateral epicondylosis is common, debilitating, and often refractory. Prolotherapy (PrT) is an injection therapy for tendinopathy. The efficacy of two PrT solutions for chronic lateral epicondylosis was evaluated. DESIGN: This study is a three-arm randomized controlled trial. Twenty-six adults (32 elbows) with chronic lateral epicondylosis for 3 mos or longer were randomized to ultrasound-guided PrT with dextrose solution, ultrasound-guided PrT with dextrose-morrhuate sodium solution, or watchful waiting ("wait and see")...
July 2013: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Linda S Chesterton, A Martyn Lewis, Julius Sim, Christian D Mallen, Elizabeth E Mason, Elaine M Hay, Daniëlle A van der Windt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of supplementing information and advice on analgesia and exercise from a general practitioner with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) as a non-drug form of analgesia to reduce pain intensity in patients with tennis elbow. DESIGN: Pragmatic randomised controlled trial in primary care. SETTING AND: 38 general practices in the West Midlands, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 241 adults consulting with a first or new (no consultation in previous six months) clinical diagnosis of tennis elbow...
September 2, 2013: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Moiz I Manaqibwala, Irene E Ghobrial, Alan S Curtis
Deep vein thrombosis of the upper extremity is believed to be an uncommon complication of arthroscopic shoulder surgery. It most commonly presents with significant swelling and pain throughout the upper extremity. However the diagnosis can be easily missed when findings are more subtle and unrelated or the patient asymptomatic. In this study we report on 5 cases of postoperative upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT). Each case was performed in the lateral decubitus position with an interscalene block and postoperative sling immobilization...
2014: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Porjai Pattanittum, Tari Turner, Sally Green, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Lateral elbow pain, or tennis elbow, is a common condition that causes pain in the elbow and forearm. Although self-limiting, it can be associated with significant disability and often results in work absence. It is often treated with topical and oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). This is an update of a review first published in 2002 (search date October 11, 2012). OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of topical and oral NSAIDs for treating people with lateral elbow pain...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bettina Kniesel, Jochen Huth, Gerhard Bauer, Frieder Mauch
PURPOSE: In recalcitrant epicondylitis innumerable operative techniques have been published, nevertheless a certain percentage of patients remains symptomatic after operative treatment. We developed an individual, systematic diagnostic pathway including arthroscopic assessment of elbow stability to identify the optimal and respectively less invasive therapy. METHODS: We so far included 40 patients with recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis (mean age 46 ± 11). 5 patients had previous surgery...
December 2014: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Xinning Li, Joshua S Dines, Matthew Gorman, Orr Limpisvasti, Ralph Gambardella, Lou Yocum
Medial elbow pain is reported in 18% to 69% of baseball players aged of 9 and 19 years. This is due to the large valgus stresses focused on the medial side of the elbow during overhead activities. In overhead throwers and pitchers, pain can be attributed to valgus extension overload with resultant posteromedial impingement, overuse of the flexor-pronator musculature resulting in medial epicondylitis, or occasional muscle tears or ruptures. The anconeus epitrochlearis is a known cause of cubital tunnel syndrome and has been postulated as a source of medial elbow pain in overhead athletes...
July 1, 2012: Orthopedics
Jiten B Bhatt, Randal Glaser, Andre Chavez, Emmanuel Yung
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Addressing weakness of the shoulder region, especially the rotator cuff and scapular musculature, is often suggested clinically for the treatment of individuals with lateral epicondylalgia. However, to our knowledge, the clinical effectiveness of this approach has not been established. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 54-year-old woman with a 5-month history of right lateral elbow pain, whose symptoms were reproduced with clinical tests typically used to diagnose lateral elbow tendinopathy...
November 2013: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Arun Garg, Kurt T Hegmann, Jacqueline J Wertsch, Jay Kapellusch, Matthew S Thiese, Donald Bloswick, Andrew Merryweather, Richard Sesek, Gwen Deckow-Schaefer, James Foster, Eric Wood, Richard Kendall, Xiaoming Sheng, Richard Holubkov
BACKGROUND: Few prospective cohort studies of distal upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders have been performed. Past studies have provided somewhat conflicting evidence for occupational risk factors and have largely reported data without adjustments for many personal and psychosocial factors. METHODS/DESIGN: A multi-center prospective cohort study was incepted to quantify risk factors for distal upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders and potentially develop improved methods for analyzing jobs...
June 6, 2012: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Patria A Hume, Duncan Reid, Tony Edwards
Epicondylar injuries in sports with overhead or repetitive arm actions are frequent and often severe. Acute injury that results in inflammation should be termed epicondylitis and is usually the result of large valgus forces with medial distraction and lateral compression. Epicondylosis develops over a longer period of time from repetitive forces and results in structural changes in the tendon. Epicondylalgia refers to elbow pain at either the medial or lateral epicondyl of the elbow related to tendinopathy of the common flexor or extensor tendon origins at these points...
2006: Sports Medicine
Andras Heijink, Matthias Vanhees, Kimberly van den Ende, Michel P van den Bekerom, Roger P van Riet, C Niek Van Dijk, Denise Eygendaal
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease and a major cause of disability. Distinct biological processes are considered crucial for the development of osteoarthritis and are assumed to act in concert with additional risk factors to induce expression of the disease. In the classical weightbearing joints, one such risk factor is an unfavourable biomechanical environment about the joint. While the elbow has long been considered a non-weightbearing joint, it is now assumed that the tissues of the upper extremity may be stressed to similar levels as those of the lower limb, and that forces across the elbow are in fact very high when the joint is extended from a flexed position...
July 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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