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Behavioral Addictions

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19 papers 25 to 100 followers Lit search of gambling, internet, and other behavioral addictions
By Edwin Kim Addiction Psychiatrist
Cody Harper, David C Hodgins
Background and aims The phenomenon of Internet pornography (IP) addiction is gainingincreasing attention in the popular media and psychological research.What has not been tested empirically is how frequency and amount ofIP use, along with other individual characteristics, are related tosymptoms of IP addiction. Methods 105 female and 86 male university students (mean age 21) from Calgary,Canada, were administered measures of IP use, psychosocial functioning(anxiety and depression, life and relationship satisfaction), addictivepropensities, and addictive IP use...
June 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Julia M Hormes, Brianna Kearns, C Alix Timko
AIMS: To assess disordered online social networking use via modified diagnostic criteria for substance dependence, and to examine its association with difficulties with emotion regulation and substance use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study targeting undergraduate students. Associations between disordered online social networking use, internet addiction, deficits in emotion regulation and alcohol use problems were examined using univariate and multivariate analyses of covariance...
December 2014: Addiction
Erica M Schulte, Michelle A Joyner, Marc N Potenza, Carlos M Grilo, Ashley N Gearhardt
"Food addiction" is an emerging area, and behavioral and biological overlaps have been observed between eating and addictive disorders. Potential misconceptions about applying an addiction framework to problematic eating behavior may inhibit scientific progress. Critiques of "food addiction" that focus on descriptive differences between overeating and illicit drugs are similar to early criticisms of the addictiveness of tobacco. Although food is necessary for survival, the highly processed foods associated with addictive-like eating may provide little health benefit...
April 2015: Current Psychiatry Reports
T W Robbins, L Clark
Behavioral addictions are slowly becoming recognized as a valid category of psychiatric disorder as shown by the recent allocation of pathological gambling to this category in DSM-5. However, several other types of psychiatric disorder proposed to be examples of behavioral addictions have yet to be accorded this formal acknowledgment and are dispersed across other sections of the DSM-5. This brief review marks this important point in the evolution of this concept and looks to future investigation of behavioral addictions with the theoretical frameworks currently being used successfully to investigate substance addiction and obsessive-compulsive disorder, in a potentially new spectrum of impulsive-compulsive disorders...
February 2015: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
Yvonne H C Yau, Marc N Potenza
Addiction professionals and the public are recognizing that certain nonsubstance behaviors--such as gambling, Internet use, video-game playing, sex, eating, and shopping--bear resemblance to alcohol and drug dependence. Growing evidence suggests that these behaviors warrant consideration as nonsubstance or "behavioral" addictions and has led to the newly introduced diagnostic category "Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders" in DSM-5. At present, only gambling disorder has been placed in this category, with insufficient data for other proposed behavioral addictions to justify their inclusion...
March 2015: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
Gustavo Costa Medeiros, Eric Leppink, Ana Yaemi, Mirella Mariani, Hermano Tavares, Jon Grant
INTRODUCTION: Gambling disorder (GD) in older adults is significantly increasing and became an important public health issue in different countries. However, little is known regarding GD in older adults. The prevalence and acceptance of gambling vary among different cultures and this raises the question of how and to what extent culture affects older gamblers. The majority of the important studies regarding GD in older adults have been conducted mainly in Anglo-Saxon cultures and little information is available regarding GD in other cultures...
April 2015: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Fong-Ching Chang, Chiung-Hui Chiu, Nae-Fang Miao, Ping-Hung Chen, Ching-Mei Lee, Jeng-Tung Chiang, Ying-Chun Pan
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationships between parental mediation and Internet addiction, and the connections to cyberbullying, substance use, and depression among adolescents. METHOD: The study involved 1808 junior high school students who completed a questionnaire in Taiwan in 2013. RESULTS: Multiple logistic regression analysis results showed that adolescents who perceived lower levels of parental attachment were more likely to experience Internet addiction, cyberbullying, smoking, and depression, while adolescents who reported higher levels of parental restrictive mediation were less likely to experience Internet addiction or to engage in cyberbullying...
February 2015: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Thomas J Moore, Joseph Glenmullen, Donald R Mattison
IMPORTANCE: Severe impulse control disorders involving pathological gambling, hypersexuality, and compulsive shopping have been reported in association with the use of dopamine receptor agonist drugs in case series and retrospective patient surveys. These agents are used to treat Parkinson disease, restless leg syndrome, and hyperprolactinemia. OBJECTIVES: To analyze serious adverse drug event reports about these impulse control disorders received by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and to assess the relationship of these case reports with the 6 FDA-approved dopamine receptor agonist drugs...
December 2014: JAMA Internal Medicine
Marsha D Marcus, Jennifer E Wildes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides an overview of current thinking about the association between disordered eating and obesity, emphasizing binge eating, binge eating disorder and food addiction as useful conceptual models. RECENT FINDINGS: Binge eating, recurrent and persistent episodes of overeating coupled with a lack of control over eating, and binge eating disorder, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5 mental disorder, have been a major focus of work to clarify the relationship between disordered eating and obesity...
November 2014: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Anise M S Wu, Joseph T F Lau
AIMS: This paper provides an overview of gambling issues in China, including historical development, governmental responses and social consequences. METHODS: Based on materials written in Chinese or English available at academic databases and other online resources, historical, cultural and policy analyses were conducted. The focus is on mainland China, but reference is made to Hong Kong and Macao to illustrate differences. RESULTS: Throughout Chinese history, gambling was strictly prohibited by law...
February 2015: Addiction
Susan M Mason, Alan J Flint, Andrea L Roberts, Jessica Agnew-Blais, Karestan C Koenen, Janet W Rich-Edwards
IMPORTANCE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) appears to increase obesity risk but the pathways by which PTSD leads to weight gain are not known. Identification of the links between PTSD and obesogenic eating behaviors is necessary to clarify this pathway and inform development of obesity prevention strategies in PTSD-affected populations. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether women with PTSD symptoms are more likely to report food addiction, a measure of perceived dependence on food, than women without PTSD symptoms...
November 2014: JAMA Psychiatry
Martin Grosshans, Emanuel Schwarz, Jan Malte Bumb, Carola Schaefer, Cathrin Rohleder, Christian Vollmert, Sabine Vollstädt-Klein, Heike Tost, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Falk Kiefer, F Markus Leweke
IMPORTANCE: Obesity has emerged as a leading health threat but its biological basis remains insufficiently known, hampering the search for novel treatments. Here, we study oleoylethanolamide, a naturally occurring lipid that has been clearly implicated in weight regulation in animals. However, its role for weight regulation and obesity in humans is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between plasma oleoylethanolamide levels and body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) and functional magnetic resonance imaging response to food stimuli in obese patients and matched control participants...
November 2014: JAMA Psychiatry
Lawrence T Lam
Internet gaming addiction was included in the latest version of the DSM-V as a possible disorder recently, while debate is still on-going as to whether the condition called "Internet Addiction" (IA) could be fully recognised as an established disorder. The major contention is how well IA could fulfil the validation criteria as a psychiatric disorder as in other well-established behavioural addictions. In addition to various proposed validation criteria, evidence of risk and protective factors as well as development of outcomes from longitudinal and prospective studies are suggested as important...
November 2014: Current Psychiatry Reports
Makiko Hatakeyama, Taku Nakagami, Norio Yasui-Furukori
We encountered a patient who presented extreme weight loss and received an eating disorder diagnosis that was later identified as adrenal Cushing's syndrome. A 32-year-old woman with a 2-year history of an eating disorder was admitted to our psychiatric ward due to dehydration, malnutrition and low weight. Her height and body weight were 152.1 cm and 29.8 kg, respectively (body mass index: 12.8). Her other symptoms included a depressed mood, decreased interest, retardation and suicidal ideation. Standard medical cares were prescribed to treat the depressive symptoms and eating disorder, but the depressive episode and low body weight of the patient persisted...
November 2014: General Hospital Psychiatry
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
Substance use disorders are prevalent and debilitating. Certain behavioral syndromes ('behavioral addictions') characterized by repetitive habits, such as gambling disorder, stealing, shopping, and compulsive internet use, may share clinical, co-morbid, and neurobiological parallels with substance addictions. This review considers overlap between substance and behavioral addictions with a particular focus on impulsive action (inability to inhibit motor responses), and impulsive choice (preference for immediate smaller rewards to the detriment of long-term outcomes)...
November 2014: Addictive Behaviors
Donatella Marazziti, Silvio Presta, Stefano Baroni, Stefano Silvestri, Liliana Dell'Osso
Although addictive syndromes have been traditionally related to substance-use disorders, during the last few decades a novel addictive group, including the so-called "behavioral or no-drug addictions," has been recognized and has attracted increasing attention for its relevant social impact. This group includes pathological gambling, compulsive shopping, TV/Internet/social network/videogame addictions, workaholism, sex and relationship addictions, orthorexia, and overtraining syndrome. Substance and behavioral addictions show similar phenomenological features, such as craving, dependence, tolerance, and abstinence, and perhaps they share a common possible pathophysiology...
December 2014: CNS Spectrums
Rainer Spanagel, Daniel Durstewitz, Anita Hansson, Andreas Heinz, Falk Kiefer, Georg Köhr, Franziska Matthäus, Markus M Nöthen, Hamid R Noori, Klaus Obermayer, Marcella Rietschel, Patrick Schloss, Henrike Scholz, Gunter Schumann, Michael Smolka, Wolfgang Sommer, Valentina Vengeliene, Henrik Walter, Wolfgang Wurst, Uli S Zimmermann, Sven Stringer, Yannick Smits, Eske M Derks
According to the World Health Organization, about 2 billion people drink alcohol. Excessive alcohol consumption can result in alcohol addiction, which is one of the most prevalent neuropsychiatric diseases afflicting our society today. Prevention and intervention of alcohol binging in adolescents and treatment of alcoholism are major unmet challenges affecting our health-care system and society alike. Our newly formed German SysMedAlcoholism consortium is using a new systems medicine approach and intends (1) to define individual neurobehavioral risk profiles in adolescents that are predictive of alcohol use disorders later in life and (2) to identify new pharmacological targets and molecules for the treatment of alcoholism...
November 2013: Addiction Biology
David A Katz, Donna R Muehlenbruch, Roger L Brown, Michael C Fiore, Timothy B Baker
BACKGROUND: The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Smoking Cessation Clinical Practice Guideline recommends that all clinicians strongly advise their patients who use tobacco to quit. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, controlled trial of the effectiveness of Guideline implementation at eight community-based primary care clinics in southern Wisconsin (four test sites, four control sites) among 2163 consecutively enrolled adult patients who smoked at least one cigarette per day and presented for nonemergency care during the baseline period (June 16, 1999, to June 20, 2000) or the intervention period (from June 21, 2000, to May 3, 2001)...
April 21, 2004: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
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