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Psychiatric Epidemiology

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15 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Abraham Nunes Psychiatry resident interested in computational neuroscience, forensic psychiatry, and neuropsychiatry.
Ayelet Meron Ruscio, Lauren S Hallion, Carmen C W Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Evelyn J Bromet, Brendan Bunting, José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Chiyi Hu, Peter de Jonge, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Daphna Levinson, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, José Posada-Villa, Tim Slade, Dan J Stein, Yolanda Torres, Hidenori Uda, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Ronald C Kessler, Somnath Chatterji, Kate M Scott
Importance: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is poorly understood compared with other anxiety disorders, and debates persist about the seriousness of this disorder. Few data exist on GAD outside a small number of affluent, industrialized nations. No population-based data exist on GAD as it is currently defined in DSM-5. Objective: To provide the first epidemiologic data on DSM-5 GAD and explore cross-national differences in its prevalence, course, correlates, and impact...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
Alberto Ascherio, Michael A Schwarzschild
Since 2006, several longitudinal studies have assessed environmental or behavioural factors that seem to modify the risk of developing Parkinson's disease. Increased risk of Parkinson's disease has been associated with exposure to pesticides, consumption of dairy products, history of melanoma, and traumatic brain injury, whereas a reduced risk has been reported in association with smoking, caffeine consumption, higher serum urate concentrations, physical activity, and use of ibuprofen and other common medications...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
Deborah S Hasin, Bradley T Kerridge, Tulshi D Saha, Boji Huang, Roger Pickering, Sharon M Smith, Jeesun Jung, Haitao Zhang, Bridget F Grant
OBJECTIVE: Attitudes toward marijuana are changing, the prevalence of DSM-IV cannabis use disorder has increased, and DSM-5 modified the cannabis use disorder criteria. Therefore, updated information is needed on the prevalence, demographic characteristics, psychiatric comorbidity, disability, and treatment for DSM-5 cannabis use disorder. METHOD: In 2012-2013, 36,309 participants ≥18 years old were interviewed in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Rita A Watterson, Jeanne V A Williams, Dina H Lavorato, Scott B Patten
OBJECTIVE: The first national survey to assess the prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in Canada was the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey: Mental Health and Well-Being (CCHS-MH). The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI), used within the representative sample of the CCHS-MH, provides the best available description of the epidemiology of this condition in Canada. This study uses the CCHS-MH data to describe the epidemiology of GAD...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Jasmijn M de Lijster, Bram Dierckx, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Frank C Verhulst, Carola Zieldorff, Gwen C Dieleman, Jeroen S Legerstee
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to estimate the age of onset (AOO) for all anxiety disorders and for specific subtypes. Gender differences in the AOO of anxiety disorders were examined, as were the influence of study characteristics on reported AOOs. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched up to October 2014, with keywords representing anxiety disorder subtypes, AOO, and study design. The inclusion criteria were studies using a general population sample that provided data on the AOO for all anxiety disorders, or specific anxiety disorders, according to DSM-III-R, DSM-IV, or ICD-10 criteria...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Daniel Vigo, Graham Thornicroft, Rifat Atun
We argue that the global burden of mental illness is underestimated and examine the reasons for under-estimation to identify five main causes: overlap between psychiatric and neurological disorders; the grouping of suicide and self-harm as a separate category; conflation of all chronic pain syndromes with musculoskeletal disorders; exclusion of personality disorders from disease burden calculations; and inadequate consideration of the contribution of severe mental illness to mortality from associated causes...
February 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
Bridget F Grant, Risë B Goldstein, Tulshi D Saha, S Patricia Chou, Jeesun Jung, Haitao Zhang, Roger P Pickering, W June Ruan, Sharon M Smith, Boji Huang, Deborah S Hasin
IMPORTANCE: National epidemiologic information from recently collected data on the new DSM-5 classification of alcohol use disorder (AUD) using a reliable, valid, and uniform data source is needed. OBJECTIVE: To present nationally representative findings on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity, associated disability, and treatment of DSM-5 AUD diagnoses overall and according to severity level (mild, moderate, or severe). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted face-to-face interviews with a representative US noninstitutionalized civilian adult (≥18 years) sample (N = 36 309) as the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III (NESARC-III)...
August 2015: JAMA Psychiatry
J Angst, D Paksarian, L Cui, K R Merikangas, M P Hengartner, V Ajdacic-Gross, W Rössler
BACKGROUND: There are only a small number of prospective studies that have systematically evaluated standardised diagnostic criteria for mental disorder for more than a decade. The aim of this study is to present the approximated overall and sex-specific cumulative incidence of mental disorder in the Zurich cohort study, a prospective cohort study of 18-19 years olds from the canton of Zurich, Switzerland, who were followed through age 50. METHOD: A stratified sample of 591 participants were interviewed with the Structured Psychopathological Interview and Rating of the Social Consequences of Psychological Disturbances for Epidemiology, a semi-structured interview that uses a bottom-up approach to assess the past-year presence of 15 psychiatric syndromes...
February 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Scott Henderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Serafino G Mancuso, J Richard Newton, Peter Bosanac, Susan L Rossell, Julian B Nesci, David J Castle
DSM-5 contains substantial changes to eating disorder diagnoses. We examined relative prevalence rates of DSM-IV and DSM-5 eating disorder diagnoses using Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire diagnostic algorithms in 117 community out-patients. DSM-5 criteria produced a reduction in combined 'other specified feeding or eating disorder' and 'unspecified feeding or eating disorder' from 46% to 29%, an increase in anorexia nervosa diagnoses from 35% to 47%, the same number of bulimia nervosa diagnoses and a 5% rate of binge eating disorder diagnoses...
June 2015: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Sarah Stewart-Brown, Preshila Chandimali Samaraweera, Frances Taggart, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Saverio Stranges
BACKGROUND: Research on mental well-being is relatively new and studies of its determinants are rare. AIMS: To investigate whether the socioeconomic correlates of mental well-being mirror those for mental illness. METHOD: Using logistic regression analyses, the independent odds ratios of high and low mental well-being, compared with middle-range mental well-being, were estimated for a number of sociodemographic variables known to be associated with mental illness from 13 983 participants in the 2010 and 2011 Health Surveys for England...
June 2015: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Nicole Blair Johnson, Locola D Hayes, Kathryn Brown, Elizabeth C Hoo, Kathleen A Ethier
PROBLEM: Although substantial progress has been made in improving the health of persons in the United States, serious problems remain to be solved. Life expectancy is increasing, and the rates of the leading causes of death are improving in many cases; however, numerous indicators (i.e., measures of observed or calculated data on the status of a condition) of the health and safety of the U.S. population remain poor. This report reviews population health in the United States and provides an assessment of recent progress in meeting high-priority health objectives...
October 31, 2014: MMWR Supplements
Louisa Degenhardt, Harvey A Whiteford, Alize J Ferrari, Amanda J Baxter, Fiona J Charlson, Wayne D Hall, Greg Freedman, Roy Burstein, Nicole Johns, Rebecca E Engell, Abraham Flaxman, Christopher J L Murray, Theo Vos
BACKGROUND: No systematic attempts have been made to estimate the global and regional prevalence of amphetamine, cannabis, cocaine, and opioid dependence, and quantify their burden. We aimed to assess the prevalence and burden of drug dependence, as measured in years of life lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost (YLLs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). METHODS: We conducted systematic reviews of the epidemiology of drug dependence, and analysed results with Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD 2010) Bayesian meta-regression technique (DisMod-MR) to estimate population-level prevalence of dependence and use...
November 9, 2013: Lancet
Elizabeth Reisinger Walker, Robin E McGee, Benjamin G Druss
IMPORTANCE: Despite the potential importance of understanding excess mortality among people with mental disorders, no comprehensive meta-analyses have been conducted quantifying mortality across mental disorders. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of mortality among people with mental disorders and examine differences in mortality risks by type of death, diagnosis, and study characteristics. DATA SOURCES: We searched EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and Web of Science from inception through May 7, 2014, including references of eligible articles...
April 2015: JAMA Psychiatry
A J Baxter, T S Brugha, H E Erskine, R W Scheurer, T Vos, J G Scott
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are persistent disabling neurodevelopmental disorders clinically evident from early childhood. For the first time, the burden of ASDs has been estimated for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010). The aims of this study were to develop global and regional prevalence models and estimate the global burden of disease of ASDs. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted for epidemiological data (prevalence, incidence, remission and mortality risk) of autistic disorder and other ASDs...
February 2015: Psychological Medicine
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