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Somatoform disorders

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5 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Abraham Nunes Psychiatry resident interested in computational neuroscience, forensic psychiatry, and neuropsychiatry.
Oye Gureje
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As a part of the its current revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), the WHO is proposing major changes to the somatoform section of the chapter on Mental and Behavioral Disorders. This article reviews the basis for these changes and presents the highlights of the new category being proposed. RECENT FINDINGS: As currently classified in ICD-10, somatoform disorders have major problems that limit their clinical utility. Among these are the negative criterion specifications for the diagnosis of the disorders, the rarity of the prototype categories, and the imprecise boundaries between them...
September 2015: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Mark J Edwards, Aikaterini Fotopoulou, Isabel Pareés
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores recent developments in understanding the neurobiological mechanism of functional (psychogenic) movement disorders (FMDs). This is particularly relevant given the resurgence of academic and clinical interest in patients with functional neurological symptoms and the clear shift in diagnostic and treatment approaches away from a pure psychological model of functional symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research findings implicate three key processes in the neurobiology of FMD (and by extension other functional neurological symptoms): abnormal attentional focus, abnormal beliefs and expectations, and abnormalities in sense of agency...
August 2013: Current Opinion in Neurology
Giannina Descalzi, Daigo Ikegami, Toshikazu Ushijima, Eric J Nestler, Venetia Zachariou, Minoru Narita
Neuropathic and inflammatory pain promote a large number of persisting adaptations at the cellular and molecular level, allowing even transient tissue or nerve damage to elicit changes in cells that contribute to the development of chronic pain and associated symptoms. There is evidence that injury-induced changes in chromatin structure drive stable changes in gene expression and neural function, which may cause several symptoms, including allodynia, hyperalgesia, anxiety, and depression. Recent findings on epigenetic changes in the spinal cord and brain during chronic pain may guide fundamental advances in new treatments...
April 2015: Trends in Neurosciences
Maria Kleinstäuber, Michael Witthöft, Andrés Steffanowski, Harm van Marwijk, Wolfgang Hiller, Michael J Lambert
BACKGROUND: Somatoform disorders are characterised by chronic, medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). Although different medications are part of treatment routines for people with somatoform disorders in clinics and private practices, there exists no systematic review or meta-analysis on the efficacy and tolerability of these medications. We aimed to synthesise to improve optimal treatment decisions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pharmacological interventions for somatoform disorders (specifically somatisation disorder, undifferentiated somatoform disorder, somatoform autonomic dysfunction, and pain disorder) in adults...
November 7, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Nikki van Dessel, Madelon den Boeft, Johannes C van der Wouden, Maria Kleinstäuber, Stephanie S Leone, Berend Terluin, Mattijs E Numans, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Harm van Marwijk
BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are physical symptoms for which no adequate medical explanation can be found after proper examination. The presence of MUPS is the key feature of conditions known as 'somatoform disorders'. Various psychological and physical therapies have been developed to treat somatoform disorders and MUPS. Although there are several reviews on non-pharmacological interventions for somatoform disorders and MUPS, a complete overview of the whole spectrum is missing...
November 1, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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