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Adult Psychiatric Unit: Mindfulness Training

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19 papers 25 to 100 followers building a case for mindfulness training sessions in inpatient wards
By Edwin Kim Addiction Psychiatrist
A Chiesa, A Serretti
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness meditation (MM) practices constitute an important group of meditative practices that have received growing attention. The aim of the present paper was to systematically review current evidence on the neurobiological changes and clinical benefits related to MM practice in psychiatric disorders, in physical illnesses and in healthy subjects. METHOD: A literature search was undertaken using Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, the Cochrane collaboration database and references of retrieved articles...
August 2010: Psychological Medicine
Judson A Brewer, Sarah Bowen, Joseph T Smith, G Alan Marlatt, Marc N Potenza
Both depression and substance use disorders represent major global public health concerns and are often co-occurring. Although there are ongoing discoveries regarding the pathophysiology and treatment of each condition, common mechanisms and effective treatments for co-occurring depression and substance abuse remain elusive. Mindfulness training has been shown recently to benefit both depression and substance use disorders, suggesting that this approach may target common behavioral and neurobiological processes...
October 2010: Addiction
Naomi T Tabak, William P Horan, Michael F Green
Mindfulness-based interventions are gaining empirical support as alternative or adjunctive treatments for a variety of mental health conditions, including anxiety, depression, and substance use disorders. Emerging evidence now suggests that mindfulness-based treatments may also improve clinical features of schizophrenia, including negative symptoms. However, no research has examined the construct of mindfulness and its correlates in schizophrenia. In this study, we examined self-reported mindfulness in patients (n=35) and controls (n=25) using the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire...
October 2015: Schizophrenia Research
Kenny A Karyadi, J Davis VanderVeen, Melissa A Cyders
BACKGROUND: The relationship between trait mindfulness and substance use behaviors has been inconsistent across studies. The current meta-analysis aimed at quantifying the magnitude of this relationship, and at determining how this relationship varies in context of (1) mindfulness facets, (2) substance type, (3) sample characteristics, and (4) substance use severity. METHODS: Using electronic databases, the literature search yielded 303 articles, but only 39 articles met inclusion criteria to be included in this meta-analysis...
October 1, 2014: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Patrick G O'Malley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
Sang Hwan Kim, Suzanne M Schneider, Margaret Bevans, Len Kravitz, Christine Mermier, Clifford Qualls, Mark R Burge
CONTEXT: Abnormal cortisol levels are a key pathophysiological indicator of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Endogenous normalization of cortisol concentration through exercise may be associated with PTSD symptom reduction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether mindfulness-based stretching and deep breathing exercise (MBX) normalizes cortisol levels and reduces PTSD symptom severity among individuals with subclinical features of PTSD. DESIGN AND SETTING: A randomized controlled trial was conducted at the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center...
July 2013: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
K Annika Tovote, Joke Fleer, Evelien Snippe, Anita C T M Peeters, Paul M G Emmelkamp, Robbert Sanderman, Thera P Links, Maya J Schroevers
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a common comorbidity of diabetes, undesirably affecting patients' physical and mental functioning. Psychological interventions are effective treatments for depression in the general population as well as in patients with a chronic disease. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of individual mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) and individual cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) in comparison with a waiting-list control condition for treating depressive symptoms in adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes...
September 2014: Diabetes Care
Linda E Carlson, Richard Doll, Joanne Stephen, Peter Faris, Rie Tamagawa, Elaine Drysdale, Michael Speca
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of the following two empirically supported group interventions to help distressed survivors of breast cancer cope: mindfulness-based cancer recovery (MBCR) and supportive-expressive group therapy (SET). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This multisite, randomized controlled trial assigned 271 distressed survivors of stage I to III breast cancer to MBCR, SET, or a 1-day stress management control condition. MBCR focused on training in mindfulness meditation and gentle yoga, whereas SET focused on emotional expression and group support...
September 1, 2013: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Douglas C Johnson, Nathaniel J Thom, Elizabeth A Stanley, Lori Haase, Alan N Simmons, Pei-An B Shih, Wesley K Thompson, Eric G Potterat, Thomas R Minor, Martin P Paulus
OBJECTIVE: Military deployment can have profound effects on physical and mental health. Few studies have examined whether interventions prior to deployment can improve mechanisms underlying resilience. Mindfulness-based techniques have been shown to aid recovery from stress and may affect brain-behavior relationships prior to deployment. The authors examined the effect of mindfulness training on resilience mechanisms in active-duty Marines preparing for deployment. METHOD: Eight Marine infantry platoons (N=281) were randomly selected...
August 2014: American Journal of Psychiatry
S J McIlvain, B Miller, B A Lawhead, C Barbosa-Leiker, A Anderson
This study examined if adolescents on a residential behavioural health unit would participate in a yoga intervention. Yoga has been used as a mind-body practice for more than 2000 years; however, studies are limited regarding its effects on adolescents with mental illness on an inpatient unit. Yoga was added, twice weekly, to the program schedule. Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Adolescent Short Form (TEIQue-ASF) scores were measured over 8 weeks. Additional measures included daily numbers of quiet times, time outs, and point card scores...
April 2015: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Paula Gardiner, Ekaterina Sadikova, Amanda C Filippelli, Suzanne Mitchell, Laura F White, Robert Saper, Ted J Kaptchuk, Brian W Jack, Lisa Fredman
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the use of Stress Management and Relaxation Techniques (SMART) in racially diverse inpatients. We hope to identify socioeconomic status (SES) factors, health behavior factors, and clinical factors associated with the use of SMART. DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We conducted a secondary analysis of baseline data from 623 hospitalized patients enrolled in the Re-Engineered Discharge (RED) clinical trial. We assessed socio-demographic characteristics and use of SMART...
June 2015: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Nicholas B Allen, Richard Chambers, Wendy Knight
OBJECTIVE: This paper, composed by an interest group of clinicians and researchers based in Melbourne, presents some background to the practice of mindfulness-based therapies as relevant to the general professional reader. We address the empirical evidence for these therapies, the principles through which they might operate, some practical questions facing those wishing to commence practice in this area or to refer patients into mindfulness-based therapies, and some considerations relevant to the conduct and interpretation of research into the therapeutic application of mindfulness...
April 2006: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Norio Watanabe, Toshi A Furukawa, Masaru Horikoshi, Fujika Katsuki, Tomomi Narisawa, Mie Kumachi, Yuki Oe, Issei Shinmei, Hiroko Noguchi, Kei Hamazaki, Yutaka Matsuoka
BACKGROUND: It is reported that nursing is one of the most vulnerable jobs for developing depression. While they may not be clinically diagnosed as depressed, nurses often suffer from depression and anxiety symptoms, which can lead to a low level of patient care. However, there is no rigorous evidence base for determining an effective prevention strategy for these symptoms in nurses. After reviewing previous literature, we chose a strategy of treatment with omega-3 fatty acids and a mindfulness-based stress management program for this purpose...
January 31, 2015: Trials
David S Black, Gillian A O'Reilly, Richard Olmstead, Elizabeth C Breen, Michael R Irwin
IMPORTANCE: Sleep disturbances are most prevalent among older adults and often go untreated. Treatment options for sleep disturbances remain limited, and there is a need for community-accessible programs that can improve sleep. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of a mind-body medicine intervention, called mindfulness meditation, to promote sleep quality in older adults with moderate sleep disturbances. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized clinical trial with 2 parallel groups conducted from January 1 to December 31, 2012, at a medical research center among an older adult sample (mean [SD] age, 66...
April 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Ilze S Hallman, Nancy O'Connor, Susan Hasenau, Stephanie Brady
PROBLEM: The purpose of this study was to reduce perceived levels of interprofessional staff stress and to improve patient and staff safety by implementing a brief mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) training program on a high-acuity psychiatric inpatient unit. METHODS: A one-group repeated measure design was utilized to measure the impact of the (MBSR) training program on staff stress and safety immediately post-training and at 2 months. Two instruments were utilized in the study: the Toronto Mindfulness Scale and the Perceived Stress Scale...
November 2014: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Janice K Horner, Brigit S Piercy, Lois Eure, Elizabeth K Woodard
The purpose of the Mindful Nursing Pilot Study was to explore the impact of mindfulness training for nursing staff on levels of mindfulness, compassion satisfaction, burnout, and stress. In addition, the study attempted to determine the impact on patient satisfaction scores. The pilot was designed as a quasi-experimental research study; staff on one nursing unit participated in the 10-week mindfulness training program while another, similar nursing unit served as the control group. The intervention group showed improvement in levels of mindfulness, burnout, and stress as well as patient satisfaction while the control group remained largely the same...
August 2014: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Horst Mitmansgruber, Thomas N Beck, Thomas Grubinger, Gerhard Schüssler, Reiner W Dahlbender
OBJECTIVES: Current theoretical and clinical approaches conceive the avoidance and acceptance of emotions as critical factors in the maintenance and alleviation of psychological problems. This study investigates the role of mindfulness, experiential avoidance (EA), and positive and negative meta-emotions (emotional reactions towards the emotional self) on the symptoms and psychological well-being of inpatients. METHOD: Changes of mindfulness measured during a 6-week stay at a psychosomatic clinic were explored in a sample of 293 inpatients with diverse psychological problems...
2012: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Sarah Bowen, Neharika Chawla, Susan E Collins, Katie Witkiewitz, Sharon Hsu, Joel Grow, Seema Clifasefi, Michelle Garner, Anne Douglass, Mary E Larimer, Alan Marlatt
The current study is the first randomized-controlled trial evaluating the feasibility and initial efficacy of an 8-week outpatient Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) program as compared to treatment as usual (TAU). Participants were 168 adults with substance use disorders who had recently completed intensive inpatient or outpatient treatment. Assessments were administered pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 2 and 4 months post-intervention. Feasibility of MBRP was demonstrated by consistent homework compliance, attendance, and participant satisfaction...
October 2009: Substance Abuse
Nirbhay N Singh, Robert G Wahler, Angela D Adkins, Rachel E Myers
Uncontrolled low frequency, high intensity aggressive behavior is often a barrier to community living for individuals with developmental disabilities. Aggressive behaviors are typically treated with psychotropic medication, behavioral interventions or their combination; but often the behaviors persist at a level that is problematic for the individual as well as care providers. We developed a mindfulness-based, self-control strategy for an adult with mental retardation and mental illness whose aggression had precluded successful community placement...
May 2003: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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