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By Terren Trott
S L Brody, K D Wrenn, M M Wilber, C M Slovis
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The syndrome of rhabdomyolysis associated with cocaine use has been recently described, but the incidence, severity, risk factors, and complications are unknown. This study sought to describe the spectrum of the syndrome and identify clinical features of patients at risk. DESIGN: Retrospective case series with analysis of common clinical features. SETTING: Medical emergency department of an urban teaching hospital serving an indigent population...
October 1990: Annals of Emergency Medicine
R D Welch, K Todd, G S Krause
STUDY HYPOTHESIS: Rhabdomyolysis is a common complication of cocaine use, and muscle symptoms fail to predict its development. STUDY POPULATION: A prospective, convenience sample of patients presenting to the emergency department of a large inner-city hospital with complaints related to cocaine use were eligible for inclusion. Patients were excluded if they had other potential causes of elevated creatine kinase (CK) levels or rhabdomyolysis. A control group comprised patients who were not cocaine users and satisfied the exclusion criteria...
February 1991: Annals of Emergency Medicine
S G Holt, K P Moore
Rhabdomyolysis is a major cause of acute renal failure, and recent experimental data have provided a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the renal dysfunction. Renal failure is due to renal vasoconstriction, tubular damage caused by oxidant injury, and possibly tubular obstruction. Recent studies have provided greater insight into the rationale behind current therapy and potential treatment strategies. This review thus aims to summarise current understanding of the causes, pathogenesis and treatment of renal failure caused by rhabdomyolysis...
May 2001: Intensive Care Medicine
E Homsi, M F Barreiro, J M Orlando, E M Higa
Patients that develop rhabdomyolysis of different causes are at high risk of acute renal failure. Efforts to minimize this risk include volume repletion, treatment with mannitol, and urinary alkalinization as soon as possible after muscle injury. This is a retrospective analysis (from January 1, 1992, to December 31, 1995) of therapeutic response to prophylactic treatment in patients with rhabdomyolysis admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). The diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis was based on creatinine kinase (CK) level (> 500 Ui/L) and the criteria for prophylaxis were: time elapsed between muscle injury to ICU admission < 48 h and serum creatinine < 3 mg/dL...
March 1997: Renal Failure
Beatrice Vasile, Frank Rasulo, Andrea Candiani, Nicola Latronico
Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) is a rare and often fatal syndrome described in critically ill children undergoing long-term propofol infusion at high doses. Recently several cases have been reported in adults, too. The main features of the syndrome consist of cardiac failure, rhabdomyolysis, severe metabolic acidosis and renal failure. To date 21 paediatric cases and 14 adult cases have been described. These latter were mostly patients with acute neurological illnesses or acute inflammatory diseases complicated by severe infections or even sepsis, and receiving catecholamines and/or steroids in addition to propofol...
September 2003: Intensive Care Medicine
David J Graham, Judy A Staffa, Deborah Shatin, Susan E Andrade, Stephanie D Schech, Lois La Grenade, Jerry H Gurwitz, K Arnold Chan, Michael J Goodman, Richard Platt
CONTEXT: Lipid-lowering agents are widely prescribed in the United States. Reliable estimates of rhabdomyolysis risk with various lipid-lowering agents are not available. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of rhabdomyolysis in patients treated with different statins and fibrates, alone and in combination, in the ambulatory setting. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Drug-specific inception cohorts of statin and fibrate users were established using claims data from 11 managed care health plans across the United States...
December 1, 2004: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
P Syzdół, A Olszowska, J Smoszna, Z Wańkowicz
A 24 years old woman with sclerosis multiplex was admitted to our hospital after generalized seizures. In the first days of observation occurred symptoms of acute renal failure and liver damage with hemolysis. The differential diagnosis allowed us to recognize acute renal failure in the course of rhabdomyolysis. After a few hemodialysis normal renal function was achieved.
December 1996: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
M Kyle Smoot, Annunziato Amendola, Elizabeth Cramer, Christopher Doyle, Kevin C Kregel, Hsiu-yin Chiang, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Loreen A Herwaldt
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) among collegiate football athletes. We hypothesized that a back squat workout triggered ER in some players, and that the risk of ER was altered by players' characteristics or other exposures. DESIGN: Case report and case-control study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Football Program and an academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I football players...
September 2013: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
M M Ward
In a historical cohort study, acute renal failure developed in 16.5% of 157 patients with rhabdomyolysis over a two-year study period. Underlying clinical, laboratory, and causative factors associated with the development of acute renal failure were examined. Factors predictive of renal failure in this setting, determined by multiple logistic regression analysis, included the degree of serum creatine kinase, serum potassium, and serum phosphorus level elevation; the degree of depression of serum albumin level; and the presence of dehydration at presentation or sepsis as the underlying cause...
July 1988: Archives of Internal Medicine
Davinder S Grover, Mohamed G Atta, Joseph A Eustace, Thomas S Kickler, Derek M Fine
BACKGROUND: In the diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis, the microconcentrator qualitative assay for urine myoglobin (uMb) is often used as a screening tool. The accuracy and clinical utility of this assay in screening patients with rhabdomyolysis have not been examined. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the relationship between creatine kinase (CK), serum myoglobin (sMb), the urine qualitative assay for myoglobin and the semi-quantitative assay for urine haem pigments (uH) in patients evaluated for rhabdomyolysis...
October 2004: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
F G Brivet, D J Kleinknecht, P Loirat, P J Landais
OBJECTIVE: To assess the causes, the prognostic factors, and the outcome of patients with severe acute renal failure. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter study. SETTING: Twenty French multidisciplinary intensive care units (ICUs). PATIENTS: All patients with severe acute renal failure were prospectively enrolled in the study for a 6-month period. Severe acute renal failure was defined by the following criteria: a) a serum creatinine concentration of > or = 3...
February 1996: Critical Care Medicine
Sameir A Alhadi, Rawnica Ruegner, Brandy Snowden, Gregory W Hendey
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Hematuria by urine dipstick with absent red blood cells (RBCs) on microscopy is indicative of rhabdomyolysis. We determined the sensitivity of this classic urinalysis (UA) finding in the diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective electronic medical record review of patients with a primary or secondary diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis with a creatine phosphokinase (CPK) greater than 1000 IU/L and a UA within the first 24 hours...
March 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ali Ihsan Gunal, Huseyin Celiker, Ayhan Dogukan, Goksel Ozalp, Ercan Kirciman, Huseyin Simsekli, Izzettin Gunay, Mustafa Demircin, Oktay Belhan, Mustafa A Yildirim, Mehmet S Sever
This study analyzes the effects of fluid resuscitation in the crush victims of the Bingol earthquake, which occurred in May 2003 in southeastern Turkey. Questionnaires asking about demographic, clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic features of 16 crush victims were filled in retrospectively. Mean duration under the rubble was 10.3 +/- 7 h, and all patients had severe rhabdomyolysis. Fourteen patients were receiving isotonic saline at admission, which was followed by mannitol-alkaline fluid resuscitation. All but two patients were polyuric...
July 2004: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Xavier Bosch, Esteban Poch, Josep M Grau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2009: New England Journal of Medicine
Carlos V R Brown, Peter Rhee, Linda Chan, Kelly Evans, Demetrios Demetriades, George C Velmahos
BACKGROUND: The combination of bicarbonate and mannitol (BIC/MAN) is commonly used to prevent renal failure (RF) in patients with rhabdomyolysis despite the absence of sufficient evidence validating its use. The purpose of this study was to determine whether BIC/ MAN is effective in preventing RF in patients with rhabdomyolysis caused by trauma. METHODS: This study was a review of all adult trauma intensive care unit (ICU) admissions over 5 years (January 1997-September 2002)...
June 2004: Journal of Trauma
Joshua L Chan, Taryne Imai, Galinos Barmparas, Jonathan B Lee, Alex W Lamb, Nicolas Melo, Daniel Margulies, Eric J Ley
Patients sustaining traumatic injuries are at risk for development of rhabdomyolysis. The effect of obesity on this risk is unknown. This study attempted to characterize the role of obesity in the development of rhabdomyolysis after trauma. This was a retrospective review of all trauma patients with creatine kinase (CK) levels admitted to the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) at a Level I trauma center from February 2011 until July 2013. Patients were divided based on their body mass index (BMI): overweight/obese group with BMI 25 kg/m(2) or greater and nonoverweight/obese group with BMI less than 25 kg/m(2)...
October 2014: American Surgeon
Nadezda Petejova, Arnost Martinek
Rhabdomyolysis, a clinical syndrome caused by damage to skeletal muscle and release of its breakdown products into the circulation, can be followed by acute kidney injury (AKI) as a severe complication. The belief that the AKI is triggered by myoglobin as the toxin responsible appears to be oversimplified. Better knowledge of the pathophysiology of rhabdomyolysis and following AKI could widen treatment options, leading to preservation of the kidney: the decision to initiate renal replacement therapy in clinical practice should not be made on the basis of the myoglobin or creatine phosphokinase serum concentrations...
May 28, 2014: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Kazuho Sakamoto, Junko Kimura
Statins, a group of drugs used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, have adverse effects on skeletal muscle. The symptoms of these effects range from slight myalgia to severe rhabdomyolysis. The number of patients currently taking statins is estimated to be several millions worldwide. However, the mechanism of statins' myotoxic effects is unclear. Statins inhibit biosynthesis of mevalonate, a rate-limiting step of cholesterol synthesis, by inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase. Mevalonate is also an essential precursor for producing isoprenoids such as farnesylpyrophosphate and geranylgeranylpyrophosphate...
2013: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
S Ulusoy, G Ozkan, M Alkanat, S Mungan, E Yuluğ, A Orem
AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the role of caspase-dependent apoptosis, caspase 1, calpain 1, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and the protective effect of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) in the development of rhabdomyolysis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one rats were divided into 3 groups - control, rhabdomyolysis and rhabdomyolysis + GSPE. Rhabdomyolysis was induced in the rhabdomyolysis and rhabdomyolysis + GSPE groups with the injection into both hind limbs of 10 ml/kg hypertonic (50%) glycerol following 24-hour dehydration on the 6th day...
2013: American Journal of Nephrology
Janice L Zimmerman, Michael C Shen
Rhabdomyolysis is a well-known clinical syndrome of muscle injury associated with myoglobinuria, electrolyte abnormalities, and often acute kidney injury (AKI). The pathophysiology involves injury to the myocyte membrane and/or altered energy production that results in increased intracellular calcium concentrations and initiation of destructive processes. Myoglobin has been identified as the primary muscle constituent contributing to renal damage in rhabdomyolysis. Although rhabdomyolysis was first described with crush injuries and trauma, more common causes in hospitalized patients at present include prescription and over-the-counter medications, alcohol, and illicit drugs...
September 2013: Chest
2015-03-16 19:37:51
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