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travellor's diarrhoea

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
Tanvir Ahmed, Taufiqur R Bhuiyan, K Zaman, David Sinclair, Firdausi Qadri
BACKGROUND: Infection with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) bacteria is a common cause of diarrhoea in adults and children in developing countries and is a major cause of 'travellers' diarrhoea' in people visiting or returning from endemic regions. A killed whole cell vaccine (DukoralĀ®), primarily designed and licensed to prevent cholera, has been recommended by some groups to prevent travellers' diarrhoea in people visiting endemic regions. This vaccine contains a recombinant B subunit of the cholera toxin that is antigenically similar to the heat labile toxin of ETEC...
July 5, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Tomas Jelinek, Herwig Kollaritsch
There is currently only one vaccine available that provides protection against diarrhea caused by Vibrio cholerae and, to a lesser degree, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). Adverse events of this oral whole-cell/recombinant B-subunit vaccine have been negligible. Protective efficacy against cholera is 85%, while protection against the heat-labile toxin of ETEC reaches 67%. There is still a need for data on protection of Western travelers against travelers' diarrhea in general by Dukoral vaccination. However, current studies show a protective effect of up to 43%...
July 2008: Expert Review of Vaccines
Robert Steffen, David R Hill, Herbert L DuPont
IMPORTANCE: Acute diarrhea is the most common illness that affects travelers to low-income regions of the world. Although improved hygiene has reduced the risk of traveler's diarrhea in many destinations, the risk remains high in others. OBJECTIVE: To review the current state of knowledge on the etiology, risk factors, prevention, and management of traveler's diarrhea. EVIDENCE REVIEW: A search of the PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library databases for the period 2012-April 2014 was performed for articles on traveler's diarrhea...
January 6, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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