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J-L Vincent
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a serious complication in surgical patients, and is associated with prolonged hospital stay and high mortality rates. The definitions of sepsis have been revisited recently. This article reviews how definitions have changed over the years, and provides an update on basic pathobiology and essential aspects of treatment. METHODS: PubMed was searched for reports published in English before October 2016, using the search terms 'surgical sepsis' AND 'surgical ICU'...
January 2017: British Journal of Surgery
John J Squiers, Brian Lima, J Michael DiMaio
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides days to weeks of support for patients with respiratory, cardiac, or combined cardiopulmonary failure. Since ECMO was first reported in 1974, nearly 70,000 runs of ECMO have been implemented, and the use of ECMO in adults increased by more than 400% from 2006 to 2011 in the United States. A variety of factors, including the 2009 influenza A epidemic, results from recent clinical trials, and improvements in ECMO technology, have motivated this increased use in adults...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ghislaine Douflé, Niall D Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: An increasing number of patients are placed on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for respiratory or cardiac failure. Sound understanding of physiology and configuration of ECMO is essential for proper management. This review covers different monitoring parameters and tools for patients supported with different types of ECMO. RECENT FINDINGS: Emphasis is placed on monitoring saturations at different sites depending on type of ECMO support...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Bishnu P Dhakal, Curtis G Tribble, James D Bergin, Sean Winfrey, William H Carter
BACKGROUND: Candida prosthetic endocarditis (CPE) is an uncommon disease involving less than 1 % of infective endocarditis patients and associated with high recurrence rate. Immunosuppresion, intravenous drug abuse, cardiac surgery and indwelling foreign bodies are the major risk factors for CPE. There are very few reported cases of CPE where more than one surgery was performed and there has generally been limited follow up on these cases. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 35 year old woman who had mitral valve annuloplasty complicated by recurrent episodes of CPE leading to multiple mitral valve replacements (MVR)...
July 30, 2015: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Jiahan Cheng, Miao Chen, Da Zhu, Ji Zhang, Jia Hu, Yingqiang Guo
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has evolved as a routine procedure to treat selected high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. The new J-Valve prosthesis is designed for antegrade transapical implantation, it is characterized by a porcine aortic prosthesis attaching to a self-expandable Nitinol stent. The key feature of the device are three U-shape anatomically oriented devices - "graspers" which could facilitate intuitive 'self-positioning' valve implantation. Hereby, we report a successful case of trans-apical TAVI in an elderly high-risk patient with severe aortic stenosis using J-Valve system...
2015: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
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