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Trauma Critical Care Weekly Paper

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17 papers 0 to 25 followers
George Kasotakis, Erik A Hasenboehler, Erik W Streib, Nimitt Patel, Mayur B Patel, Louis Alarcon, Patrick L Bosarge, Joseph Love, Elliott R Haut, John J Como
BACKGROUND: Rib fractures are identified in 10% of all injury victims and are associated with significant morbidity (33%) and mortality (12%). Significant progress has been made in the management of rib fractures over the past few decades, including operative reduction and internal fixation (rib ORIF); however, the subset of patients that would benefit most from this procedure remains ill-defined. The aim of this project was to develop evidence-based recommendations. METHODS: Population, intervention, comparison, and outcome (PICO) questions were formulated for patients with and without flail chest...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Matthew J Martin, Lisa D Bush, Kenji Inaba, Saskya Byerly, Martin Schreiber, Kimberly A Peck, Galinos Barmparas, Jay Menaker, Joshua P Hazelton, Raul Coimbra, Martin D Zielinski, Carlos V R Brown, Chad G Ball, Jill R Cherry-Bukowiec, Clay Cothren Burlew, Julie Dunn, C Todd Minshall, Matthew M Carrick, Gina M Berg, Demetrios Demetriades, William Long
BACKGROUND: Intoxication often prevents clinical clearance of the cervical spine (Csp) after trauma leading to prolonged immobilization even with a normal computed tomography (CT) scan. We evaluated the accuracy of CT at detecting clinically significant Csp injury, and surveyed participants on related opinions and practice. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study (2013-2015) at 17 centers. All adult blunt trauma patients underwent structured clinical examination and imaging including a Csp CT, with follow-up thru discharge...
December 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Samuel A Tisherman, Hasan B Alam, Peter M Rhee, Thomas M Scalea, Tomas Drabek, Raquel M Forsythe, Patrick M Kochanek
BACKGROUND: Patients who suffer a cardiac arrest from trauma rarely survive, even with aggressive resuscitation attempts, including an emergency department thoracotomy. Emergency Preservation and Resuscitation (EPR) was developed to utilize hypothermia to buy time to obtain hemostasis before irreversible organ damage occurs. Large animal studies have demonstrated that cooling to tympanic membrane temperature 10°C during exsanguination cardiac arrest can allow up to 2 hours of circulatory arrest and repair of simulated injuries with normal neurologic recovery...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Raquel M Forsythe, Andrew B Peitzman, Thomas DeCato, Matthew R Rosengart, Gregory A Watson, Gary T Marshall, Jenny A Ziembicki, Timothy R Billiar, Jason L Sperry
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after injury. Prophylactic anticoagulation is often delayed as a result of injuries or required procedures. Those patients at highest risk in this early vulnerable window postinjury are not well characterized. We sought to determine those patients at highest risk for an early pulmonary embolism (PE) after injury. METHODS: A retrospective analysis using data derived from a large state wide trauma registry (1997-2007) was performed...
June 2011: Journal of Trauma
Jason Chertoff, Michael Chisum, Bryan Garcia, Jorge Lascano
Over the last two decades, there have been vast improvements in sepsis-related outcomes, largely resulting from the widespread adoption of aggressive fluid resuscitation and infection control. With increased understanding of the pathophysiology of sepsis, novel diagnostics and resuscitative interventions are being discovered. In recent years, few diagnostic tests like lactate have engendered more attention and research in the sepsis arena. Studies highlighting lactate's prognostic potential for mortality and other outcomes are ubiquitous and largely focus on the early stage of sepsis management, defined as the initial 6 h and widely referred to as the "golden hours...
2015: Journal of Intensive Care
Eva B Deerenberg, Joris J Harlaar, Ewout W Steyerberg, Harold E Lont, Helena C van Doorn, Joos Heisterkamp, Bas Pl Wijnhoven, Willem R Schouten, Huib A Cense, Hein Bac Stockmann, Frits J Berends, F Paul Hlj Dijkhuizen, Roy S Dwarkasing, An P Jairam, Gabrielle H van Ramshorst, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Johannes Jeekel, Johan F Lange
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia is a frequent complication of midline laparotomy and is associated with high morbidity, decreased quality of life, and high costs. We aimed to compare the large bites suture technique with the small bites technique for fascial closure of midline laparotomy incisions. METHODS: We did this prospective, multicentre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial at surgical and gynaecological departments in ten hospitals in the Netherlands...
September 26, 2015: Lancet
Ryoichi Ochiai
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been intensively and continuously studied in various settings, but its mortality is still as high as 30-40 %. For the last 20 years, lung protective strategy has become a standard care for ARDS, but we still do not know the best way to ventilate patients with ARDS. Tidal volume itself does not seem to have an important role to develop ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), but the driving pressure, which is inspiratory plateau pressure-PEEP, is the most important to predict and affect the outcome of ARDS, though there is no safe limit for the driving pressure...
2015: Journal of Intensive Care
Sweyn S Garrioch, Michael A Gillies
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review appraises recent evidence and provides clinical guidance on optimal perioperative fluid therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Choice of perioperative intravenous fluid continues to be the source of much debate. Not all crystalloids are equivalent, and there is growing evidence that balanced solutions are superior to 0.9% saline in many situations. Recent evidence from the critical care population has highlighted risks associated with synthetic colloids; this and the absence of demonstrable benefit in the surgical population make it difficult to recommend their use in the perioperative period...
August 2015: Current Opinion in Critical Care
R Phillip Dellinger, Mitchell M Levy, Jean M Carlet, Julian Bion, Margaret M Parker, Roman Jaeschke, Konrad Reinhart, Derek C Angus, Christian Brun-Buisson, Richard Beale, Thierry Calandra, Jean-Francois Dhainaut, Herwig Gerlach, Maurene Harvey, John J Marini, John Marshall, Marco Ranieri, Graham Ramsay, Jonathan Sevransky, B Taylor Thompson, Sean Townsend, Jeffrey S Vender, Janice L Zimmerman, Jean-Louis Vincent
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update to the original Surviving Sepsis Campaign clinical management guidelines, "Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock," published in 2004. DESIGN: Modified Delphi method with a consensus conference of 55 international experts, several subsequent meetings of subgroups and key individuals, teleconferences, and electronic-based discussion among subgroups and among the entire committee...
January 2008: Critical Care Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2007: Journal of Neurotrauma
Patrick M Kochanek, Nancy Carney, P David Adelson, Stephen Ashwal, Michael J Bell, Susan Bratton, Susan Carson, Randall M Chesnut, Jamshid Ghajar, Brahm Goldstein, Gerald A Grant, Niranjan Kissoon, Kimberly Peterson, Nathan R Selden, Robert C Tasker, Karen A Tong, Monica S Vavilala, Mark S Wainwright, Craig R Warden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2012: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
James Eric Campbell, James Keith Aden, Andrew Peter Cap
BACKGROUND: Thrombelastography (TEG) is suggested as an optimal instrument for the identification of acute traumatic coagulopathy-induced alterations in coagulation status. Patient whole blood (WB) used in TEG analysis is generally collected from a large blood vessel containing representative systemic blood, often close to 40% hematocrit (Hct). Trauma patients often exhibit bleeding from the microvasculature. This study examines early coagulation function changes at the simulated microvascular level based on altered Hct and pH in vitro through TEG analyses of normal donor blood...
May 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Eva Angenete, Anders Thornell, Jakob Burcharth, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Stefan Skullman, Thue Bisgaard, Per Jess, Zoltan Läckberg, Peter Matthiessen, Jane Heath, Jacob Rosenberg, Eva Haglind
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short-term outcomes of a new treatment for perforated diverticulitis with purulent peritonitis in a randomized controlled trial. BACKGROUND: Perforated diverticulitis with purulent peritonitis (Hinchey III) has traditionally been treated with surgery including colon resection and stoma (Hartmann procedure) with considerable postoperative morbidity and mortality. Laparoscopic lavage has been suggested as a less invasive surgical treatment. METHODS: Laparoscopic lavage was compared with colon resection and stoma in a randomized controlled multicenter trial, DILALA (ISRCTN82208287)...
January 2016: Annals of Surgery
Marcus Ong Eng Hock, S B S Ooi, S M Saw, S H Lim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate a new technique of treating scalp lacerations, the hair apposition technique (HAT). After standard cleaning procedures, hair on both sides of a laceration is apposed with a single twist. This is then held with tissue adhesives. HAT was compared with standard suturing in a multicenter, randomized, prospective trial. METHODS: All linear lacerations of the scalp less than 10 cm long were included. Severely contaminated wounds, actively bleeding wounds, patients with hair strand length less than 3 cm, and hemodynamically unstable patients were excluded...
July 2002: Annals of Emergency Medicine
F D McDermott, A Heeney, M E Kelly, R J Steele, G L Carlson, D C Winter
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak (AL) represents a dreaded complication following colorectal surgery, with a prevalence of 1-19 per cent. There remains a lack of consensus regarding factors that may predispose to AL and the relative risks associated with them. The objective was to perform a systematic review of the literature, focusing on the role of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative factors in the development of colorectal ALs. METHODS: A systematic review was performed to identify adjustable and non-adjustable preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative factors in the pathogenesis of AL...
April 2015: British Journal of Surgery
Mary J Edwards, Michael B Lustik, Margaret E Clark, Kevin M Creamer, David Tuggle
BACKGROUND: Component balanced resuscitation and avoidance of crystalloids in traumatically injured adults requiring massive transfusion are beneficial. Evidence for children is lacking. METHODS: After institutional review board approval was obtained, the Department of Defense Trauma Database identified 1,311 injured children 14 years or younger requiring transfusion after an injury and admitted to a deployed US military hospital from 2002 to 2012. Logistic regression determined risk factors for high-volume (≥40 mL/kg) or massive (≥70 mL/kg) transfusions...
February 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Mayur B Patel, Stephen S Humble, Daniel C Cullinane, Matthew A Day, Randeep S Jawa, Clinton J Devin, Margaret S Delozier, Lou M Smith, Miya A Smith, Jeannette M Capella, Andrea M Long, Joseph S Cheng, Taylor C Leath, Yngve Falck-Ytter, Elliott R Haut, John J Como
BACKGROUND: With the use of the framework advocated by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Working Group, our aims were to perform a systematic review and to develop evidence-based recommendations that may be used to answer the following PICO [Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcomes] question:In the obtunded adult blunt trauma patient, should cervical collar removal be performed after a negative high-quality cervical spine (C-spine) computed tomography (CT) result alone or after a negative high-quality C-spine CT result combined with adjunct imaging, to reduce peri-clearance events, such as new neurologic change, unstable C-spine injury, stable C-spine injury, need for post-clearance imaging, false-negative CT imaging result on re-review, pressure ulcers, and time to cervical collar clearance? METHODS: Our protocol was registered with the PROSPERO international prospective register of systematic reviews on August 23, 2013 (REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42013005461)...
February 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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