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Racial discrimination and health outcomes

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50 papers 0 to 25 followers Studies describing the relationship between racial discrimination, stress, and cardiovascular risk factors
By Jamie Jarmul Md / PhD student at UNC - Chapel Hill, PhD in Health Policy and Management
Nao Hagiwara, Richard B Slatcher, Susan Eggly, Louis A Penner
Physician racial bias can negatively affect Black patients' reactions to racially discordant medical interactions, suggesting that racial bias is manifested in physicians' communication with their Black patients. However, little is known about how physician racial bias actually influences their communication during these interactions. This study investigated how non-Black physicians' racial bias is related to their word use during medical interactions with Black patients. One hundred and seventeen video-recorded racially discordant medical interactions from a larger study were transcribed and analyzed using Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) software...
April 2017: Health Communication
Jessie B Kemmick Pintor, Donna McAlpine, Timothy J Beebe, Pamela J Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of survey mode (mail vs. telephone) on the likelihood of reporting health care-related discrimination based on race, ethnicity, or nationality. METHODS: We use data from a mixed-mode, mail and telephone survey of public health care program enrollees (N=2807), including Somali, Hmong, African American, American Indian, and Latino populations. Self-reported discrimination was measured as the experience of unfair treatment by health care providers due to race, ethnicity, or nationality...
May 2015: Medical Care
Thomas V Merluzzi, Errol J Philip, Zhiyong Zhang, Courtney Sullivan
In racial disparities research, perceived discrimination is a proposed risk factor for unfavorable health outcomes. In a proposed "threshold-constraint" theory, discrimination intensity may exceed a threshold and require coping strategies, but social constraint limits coping options for African Americans, who may react to perceived racial discrimination with disengagement, because active strategies are not viable under this social constraint. Caucasian Americans may experience less discrimination and lower social constraint, and may use more active coping strategies...
July 2015: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Cesalie T Stepney, Diana T Sanchez, Phillip E Handy
The present study examined the relationship of perceived parental closeness and parental ethnic identity on personal ethnic identity and colorblindness beliefs in 275 part-White biracial Americans (M age = 23.88). Respondents completed online measures of their personal ethnic identity (minority, White, and multiracial), perceived parental ethnic identity, parental closeness, and attitudes about the state of race relations and the need for social action in the United States. Using path modeling, results show that part-White biracial individuals perceive their ethnic identity to be strongly linked to their parental racial identities, especially when they had closer parental relationships...
January 2015: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Y Joel Wong, Pei-Chun Tsai, Tao Liu, Qingqing Zhu, Meifen Wei
This study examined male Asian international college students' perceptions of racial discrimination, subjective masculinity stress, centrality of masculine identity, and psychological distress by testing a moderated mediation model. Participants were 160 male Asian international college students from 2 large public universities. Participants' perceived racial discrimination was positively related to their subjective masculinity stress only at high (but not low) levels of masculine identity centrality. Additionally, subjective masculinity stress was positively related to psychological distress, although this association was stronger among those who reported high levels of masculine identity centrality...
October 2014: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Alex A Ajayi, Moin Syed
This study used a person-oriented analytic approach to identify meaningful patterns of barriers-focused racial socialization and perceived racial discrimination experiences in a sample of 295 late adolescents. Using cluster analysis, three distinct groups were identified: Low Barrier Socialization-Low Discrimination, High Barrier Socialization-Low Discrimination, and High Barrier Socialization-High Discrimination clusters. These groups were substantively unique in terms of the frequency of racial socialization messages about bias preparation and out-group mistrust its members received and their actual perceived discrimination experiences...
October 2014: Journal of Adolescence
Anna Skosireva, Patricia O'Campo, Suzanne Zerger, Catharine Chambers, Susan Gapka, Vicky Stergiopoulos
BACKGROUND: Research on discrimination in healthcare settings has primarily focused on health implications of race-based discrimination among ethno-racial minority groups. Little is known about discrimination experiences of other marginalized populations, particularly groups facing multiple disadvantages who may be subjected to other/multiple forms of discrimination. OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine the prevalence of perceived discrimination due to homelessness/poverty, mental illness/alcohol/drug related problems, and race/ethnicity/skin color while seeking healthcare in the past year among racially diverse homeless adults with mental illness; (2) To identify whether perceiving certain types of discrimination is associated with increased likelihood of perceiving other kinds of discrimination; and (3) To examine association of these perceived discrimination experiences with socio-demographic characteristics, self-reported measures of psychiatric symptomatology and substance use, and Emergency Department utilization...
September 7, 2014: BMC Health Services Research
Deidre M Anglin, Michelle Greenspoon, Quenesha Lighty, Lauren M Ellman
AIM: Self-reported experiences of racial discrimination have been associated with a continuum of psychotic experiences in racial and ethnic minority populations; however, the underlying mechanisms of this relationship are not yet clear. Race-based rejection sensitivity (RS-race) has been associated with thought intrusions about being the target of racial discrimination; therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether RS-race accounts for the relationship between racial discrimination and psychotic-like experiences in racial and ethnic minority populations...
October 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Ivan H C Wu, Brent Lyons, Frederick T L Leong
The authors built upon models of workplace bullying to examine how racial/ethnic bullying can lead to racial/ethnic minorities' sensitivity to future discrimination via its effects on race/ethnic-related stress. With a sample of racial/ethnic minorities, they found support for this process. Individual differences in social dominance orientation (SDO) also attenuated the mediation: The indirect effect of race/ethnic-related stress was weaker for minorities who endorse hierarchy legitimizing ideologies (high in SDO) compared to minorities low in SDO...
January 2015: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Bridget L Richardson, Tamarie A Macon, Faheemah N Mustafaa, Erin D Bogan, Yasmin Cole-Lewis, Tabbye M Chavous
Research links racial identity to important developmental outcomes among African American adolescents, but less is known about the contextual experiences that shape youths' racial identity. In a sample of 491 African American adolescents (48% female), associations of youth-reported experiences of racial discrimination and parental messages about preparation for racial bias with adolescents' later racial identity were examined. Cluster analysis resulted in four profiles of adolescents varying in reported frequency of racial discrimination from teachers and peers at school and frequency of parental racial discrimination coping messages during adolescents' 8th grade year...
June 2015: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
(no author information available yet)
Trusts that fail to take action on race discrimination will be exposed by a set of metrics expected to be introduced next year, England's chief nursing officer told her black and minority ethnic (BME) advisory group's annual conference last week.
October 21, 2014: Nursing Standard
Monnica T Williams, Emily Malcoun, Broderick A Sawyer, Darlene M Davis, Leyla Bahojb Nouri, Simone Leavell Bruce
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly disabling disorder, afflicting African Americans at disproportionately higher rates than the general population. When receiving treatment, African Americans may feel differently towards a European American clinician due to cultural mistrust. Furthermore, racism and discrimination experienced before or during the traumatic event may compound posttrauma reactions, impacting the severity of symptoms. Failure to adapt treatment approaches to encompass cultural differences and racism-related traumas may decrease treatment success for African American clients...
June 2014: Behavioral Sciences
Lenwood W Hayman, Rusty B McIntyre, Antonia Abbey
African-American women experience disproportionately higher rates of obesity than do Caucasian women. The stress African-American women encounter from experiences of discrimination may influence their eating behaviours, which could contribute to weight gain. Emotional eating theory suggests some people increase their intake of high-calorie foods to cope with stressful experiences. We investigated the effects of social exclusion by other African-American women or by Caucasian women for African-American women's distress and food consumption using a laboratory paradigm...
2015: Psychology & Health
Vanessa de Lima Silva, Eduarda Ângela Pessoa Cesse, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque
OBJECTIVE: This study aims at working on a systematic review of articles published on social determinants associated with the elderly mortality. METHODS: We searched articles published in Portuguese, English and Spanish language periodicals from January 1st 2007 to December 31st 2009, by means of Lilacs and Pubmed databases. Twenty cohort studies were identified, having most of them been developed in European, North-American and Asian countries. RESULTS: The articles analysed provided determinant social factors significantly associated with the elderly mortality: urban/rural and intercontinental variation, be part of ethnic minorities, financial stress, living conditions, schooling, social participation, gender and race discrimination, smoking, alcoholism, physical activities, instrumental activities of daily living, leisure, marital status, equality and healthy lifestyle...
2014: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Richard Feinn, Kristina P Schumann, Howard Tennen, Julie Wagner
OBJECTIVE: Although both Black and White individuals report racial discrimination, self-report measures of exposure to racial discrimination that can be used across races/ethnicities are rare. The primary aim of our study was to determine if the Schedule of Racist Events (SRE), which was designed for use in Black samples, should also be used in White samples, and if so, what modifications to the scale are necessary. METHODS: In a sample of 302 adults, approximately equally divided by race, we investigated whether item endorsement differed between Black and White respondents...
2014: Ethnicity & Disease
Laura J Chavez, India J Ornelas, Courtney R Lyles, Emily C Williams
BACKGROUND: Experiences of discrimination are associated with tobacco and alcohol use, and work is a common setting where individuals experience racial/ethnic discrimination. Few studies have evaluated the association between workplace discrimination and these behaviors, and none have described associations across race/ethnicity. PURPOSE: To examine the association between workplace discrimination and tobacco and alcohol use in a large, multistate sample of U.S...
January 2015: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Erika R Cheng, Alyssa Cohen, Elizabeth Goodman
OBJECTIVE: To describe levels of perceived lifetime discrimination among young adults and determine its role in understanding this racial/ethnic disparity. STUDY DESIGN: Data were from the Princeton School District study, a 10-year cohort study in which investigators followed 545 non-Hispanic black (46%) and white initial 5-12 graders. Perceived lifetime racial discrimination was assessed with the General Ethnic Discrimination Scale and depressive symptoms with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale...
February 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Suzanne Zerger, Sarah Bacon, Simon Corneau, Anna Skosireva, Kwame McKenzie, Susan Gapka, Patricia O'Campo, Aseefa Sarang, Vicky Stergiopoulos
BACKGROUND: This mixed methods study explored the characteristics of and experiences with perceived discrimination in an ethnically diverse urban sample of adults experiencing homelessness and mental illness. METHODS: Data were collected in Toronto, Ontario, as part of a 4-year national randomized field trial of the Housing First treatment model. Rates of perceived discrimination were captured from survey questions regarding perceived discrimination among 231 ethnoracially diverse participants with moderate mental health needs...
2014: BMC Psychiatry
Richard Feinn, Kristina P Schumann, Howard Tennen, Julie Wagner
OBJECTIVE: Although both Black and White individuals report racial discrimination, self-report measures of exposure to racial discrimination that can be used across races/ethnicities are rare. The primary aim of our study was to determine if the Schedule of Racist Events (SRE), which was designed for use in Black samples, should also be used in White samples, and if so, what modifications to the scale are necessary. METHODS: In a sample of 302 adults, approximately equally divided by race, we investigated whether item endorsement differed between Black and White respondents...
2014: Ethnicity & Disease
Jamila K Stockman, Hitomi Hayashi, Jacquelyn C Campbell
In the United States, intimate partner violence (IPV) against women disproportionately affects ethnic minorities. Further, disparities related to socioeconomic and foreign-born status impact the adverse physical and mental health outcomes as a result of IPV, further exacerbating these health consequences. This article reviews 36 U.S. studies on the physical (e.g., multiple injuries, disordered eating patterns), mental (e.g., depression, post-traumatic stress disorder), and sexual and reproductive health conditions (e...
January 2015: Journal of Women's Health
2015-03-25 00:21:42
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