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11 papers 25 to 100 followers lipid therapy in emergency
Sebnem Eren Cevik, Tanju Tasyurek, Ozlem Guneysel
Intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) is a lifesaving treatment of lipophilic drug intoxications. Not only does ILE have demonstrable efficacy as an antidote to local anesthetic toxicity, it is also effective in lipophilic drug intoxications. Our case series involved 10 patients with ingestion of different types of lipophilic drugs. Intravenous lipid emulsion treatment improved Glasgow Coma Scale or blood pressure and pulse rate or both according to the drug type. Complications were observed in 2 patients (minimal change pancreatitis and probable ILE treatment-related fat infiltration in lungs)...
September 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Courtney Dunn, Steven B Bird, Romolo Gaspari
BACKGROUND: Therapies exist for acute organophosphate (OP) exposure but mortality rates remain high (10% to 20%). Currently, treatment focuses on reversing the resultant cholinergic excess effects through the use of atropine. Intralipid fat emulsion (IFE) has been used to treat lipophilic drug ingestions and theoretically would be beneficial for some OP agents. OBJECTIVES: The hypothesis was that IFE would decrease the acute respiratory depressant effects following lethal OP exposure using a lipophilic OP agent (parathion)...
May 2012: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Aidar R Gosmanov, Dawn D Smiley, Limin Peng, Joselita Siquiera, Gonzalo Robalino, Christopher Newton, Guillermo E Umpierrez
Hyperglycemia and elevated free fatty acids (FFA) are implicated in the development of endothelial dysfunction. Infusion of soy-bean oil-based lipid emulsion (Intralipid®) increases FFA levels and results in elevation of blood pressure (BP) and endothelial dysfunction in obese healthy subjects. The effects of combined hyperglycemia and high FFA on BP, endothelial function and carbohydrate metabolism are not known. Twelve obese healthy subjects received four random, 8-h IV infusions of saline, Intralipid 40 mL/h, Dextrose 10% 40 mL/h, or combined Intralipid and dextrose...
October 2012: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
N Shreeve, K Sadek
Recurrent embryo implantation failure (RIF) is a disorder with potentially devastating physiological and psychological manifestations for those affected. Although its prevalence is not uncommon, many of the mechanisms involved still require elucidation. Both organ-specific and systemic autoimmunity are associated with an increased prevalence of recurrent miscarriage and reproductive failure, rendering the role of the maternal immunological system in fertility a key concept. It is believed by some that central to this theme is the maternal cytokine profile, with particularly T-helper (Th) cells...
January 2012: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
(no author information available yet)
A short cut review was performed to seek the evidence for use of intravenous lipid emulsion in the treatment of overdose with β-receptor antagonists. Eight case reports and one case series with a total of 10 patients were found. The authors, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that there is only anecdotal evidence of effectiveness for this treatment.
November 2011: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Deborah French, Patil Armenian, Weiming Ruan, Alicia Wong, Kenneth Drasner, Kent R Olson, Alan H B Wu
CONTEXT. Intralipid® infusion is useful in reversing cardiac and central nervous system toxicity of local anesthetic drugs, and recent reports suggest utility in other drug overdoses. CASE DETAILS. A 47-year-old man presented to the emergency department with hypotension and complete heart block 3 h after a sustained-release verapamil overdose. He was given supportive care including calcium and hyperinsulinemia/euglycemia therapy. Nineteen and 29 h post-ingestion, Intralipid® was administered as a bolus, followed by an infusion...
April 2011: Clinical Toxicology
Anthony J Espinet, Mark T Emmerton
Intralipid has been proposed as a treatment option for local anesthetic (LA) toxicity, which does not respond to traditional resuscitation methods. This paper presents a case report of a patient who developed signs of local anesthetic toxicity and was subsequently treated with 20% Intralipid with a positive response. Some background and practical applications regarding this treatment are discussed.
November 2009: Clinical Journal of Pain
S D H Finn, D R Uncles, J Willers, N Sable
We describe the initial management and subsequent recovery of a 61 year-old male patient following attempted suicide by oral ingestion of a potentially fatal overdose of quetiapine and sertraline. Intravenous Intralipid was given soon after initiation of basic resuscitation. There was a rapid improvement in the patient's level of consciousness. No other clinical signs of drug toxicity were observed. Intralipid may have reversed the deep coma associated with ingestion and prevented other manifestations of drug toxicity occurring, thus expediting this patient's recovery...
February 2009: Anaesthesia
Martyn G Harvey, Grant R Cave
OBJECTIVE: Recent case reports of successful amelioration of lipid-soluble drug toxidromes with Intralipid infusion have prompted interest in the scope of lipid emulsions as antidotal therapy. Propranolol is a highly lipid-soluble, nonselective beta-blocker with additional local-anaesthetic properties. We explored the hypothesis that propranolol toxicity may be similarly attenuated by Intralipid infusion in a rabbit model. METHODS: Twenty sedated, invasively monitored, and mechanically ventilated New Zealand White rabbits underwent propranolol infusion at 4...
June 2008: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
Rikke Krogh-Madsen, Peter Plomgaard, Thorbjorn Akerstrom, Kirsten Møller, Ole Schmitz, Bente Klarlund Pedersen
Novel anti-inflammatory effects of insulin have recently been described, and insulin therapy to maintain euglycemia suppresses the plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFA) and increases the survival of critically ill patients. We aimed to explore the effect of short-term high levels of plasma FFA on the inflammatory response to a low dose of endotoxin. Fourteen healthy male volunteers underwent the following two trials in a randomized crossover design: 1) continuous infusion of 20% Intralipid [0.7
February 2008: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Martyn Harvey, Grant Cave
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Previous investigators have demonstrated amelioration of lipid-soluble drug toxidromes with infusion of lipid emulsions. Clomipramine is a lipid-soluble tricyclic antidepressant with significant cardiovascular depressant activity in human overdose. We compare resuscitation with Intralipid versus sodium bicarbonate in a rabbit model of clomipramine toxicity. METHODS: Thirty sedated and mechanically ventilated New Zealand White rabbits were infused with clomipramine at 320 mg/kg per hour...
February 2007: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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