Gráinne Cousins, Fiona Boland, Brenda Courtney, Joseph Barry, Suzi Lyons, Tom Fahey
AIM: To assess whether risk of death increases during periods of treatment transition, and investigate the impact of supervised methadone consumption on drug-related and all-cause mortality. DESIGN: National Irish cohort study. SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 6983 patients on a national methadone treatment register aged 16-65 years between 2004 and 2010. MEASUREMENT: Drug-related (primary outcome) and all-cause (secondary outcome) mortality rates and rate ratios for periods on and off treatment; and the impact of regular supervised methadone consumption...
January 2016: Addiction
Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Ricardo Torres-Jardón
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: JAMA Psychiatry
Ruibin Zhang, Guihua Jiang, Junzhang Tian, Yingwei Qiu, Xue Wen, Andrew Zalesky, Meng Li, Xiaofen Ma, Junjing Wang, Shumei Li, Tianyue Wang, Changhong Li, Ruiwang Huang
Neuroimaging studies suggested that drug addiction is linked to abnormal brain functional connectivity. However, little is known about the alteration of brain white matter (WM) connectivity in addictive drug users and nearly no study has been performed to examine the alterations of brain WM connectivity in heroin-dependent individuals (HDIs). Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) offers a comprehensive technique to map the whole brain WM connectivity in vivo. In this study, we acquired DTI datasets from 20 HDIs and 18 healthy controls and constructed their brain WM structural networks using a deterministic fibre tracking approach...
May 2016: Addiction Biology
Leif Öhlin, Mats Fridell, Anna Nyhlén
BACKGROUND: A seven-year follow-up of heroin dependent patients treated in a buprenorphine-maintenance program combining contracted work/education and low tolerance for non-prescribed drug use. Gender-specific differences in outcome were analysed. METHODS: A consecutively admitted cohort of 135 men and 35 women, with eight years of heroin abuse/dependence on average was admitted to enhanced buprenorphine maintenance treatment. Standardized interviews, diagnostic assessments of psychiatric disorders and psychosocial conditions were conducted at admission and at follow-ups...
March 24, 2015: BMC Psychiatry
Melina Fatseas, Fuschia Serre, Jean-Marc Alexandre, Romain Debrabant, Marc Auriacombe, Joel Swendsen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is well established that craving increases following exposure to substance-related 'cues', but the role of life-styles or substance use habits that are unique to each person remains poorly understood. This study examines the association of substance-specific and personal cues with craving and substance use in daily life. DESIGN: Ecological momentary assessment was used during a 2-week period. SETTING: Data were collected in a French out-patient addiction treatment centre...
June 2015: Addiction
Joshua D Lee, Ryan McDonald, Ellie Grossman, Jennifer McNeely, Eugene Laska, John Rotrosen, Marc N Gourevitch
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Relapse to addiction following incarceration is common. We estimated the feasibility and effectiveness of extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) as relapse prevention among opioid-dependent male adults leaving a large urban jail. DESIGN: Eight-week, proof-of-concept, open-label, non-blinded randomized effectiveness trial. SETTING: New York City jails and Bellevue Hospital Center Adult Primary Care clinics, USA. PARTICIPANTS: From January 2010 to July 2013, 34 opioid-dependent adult males with no stated interest in agonist treatments (methadone, buprenorphine) received a counseling and referral intervention and were randomized to XR-NTX (n = 17) versus no medication (n = 17) within one week prior to jail release...
June 2015: Addiction
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