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Heart problem

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Brit Long, Alex Koyfman, Michael Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a common presentation to the emergency department (ED), with the potential to cause significant morbidity and mortality. It is important to tailor treatments to the appropriate type of heart failure. OBJECTIVES: This review provides an evidence-based summary of the current ED management of acute heart failure. DISCUSSION: Heart failure can present along a spectrum, especially in acute exacerbation. Treatment should focus on the underlying disease process, with guidelines focusing primarily on blood pressure and hemodynamic status...
November 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ting-Yung Chang, Jo-Nan Liao, Tze-Fan Chao, Jennifer Jeanne Vicera, Chin-Yu Lin, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Fa-Po Chung, Shih-Ann Chen
Atrial fibrillation (AF) has become the most prevalent arrhythmia and it will increase the risk of ischemic stroke, heart failure, mortality, sudden cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and dementia. Stroke prevention with oral anticoagulant is crucial for management of AF patients. Vitamin K antagonist, which inhibits the clotting factors II, VII, IX and X, has been recommended for stroke prevention for decades. Non-Vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs), including dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban are at least as effective as warfarin in reducing ischemic stroke with a lower rate of major bleeding...
September 2018: IJC Heart & Vasculature
Carmelo Buttà, Antonino Tuttolomondo, Domenico Di Raimondo, Glauco Milio, Salvatore Miceli, Maria Tereza Attanzio, Lucia Giarrusso, Giuseppe Licata, Antonio Pinto
The narrow complex tachycardias (NCTs) are defined by the presence in a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) of a QRS complex duration less than 120ms and a heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute; those are typically of supraventricular origin, although rarely narrow complex ventricular tachycardias have been reported in the literature. As some studies document, to diagnose correctly the NCTs is an arduous exercise because sometimes those have similar presentation on the ECG. In this paper, we have reviewed the physiopathological, clinical, and ECG findings of all known supraventricular tachycardias and, in order to reduce the possible diagnostic errors on the ECG, we have proposed a quick and accurate diagnostic algorithm for the differential diagnosis of NCTs...
April 2013: Journal of Cardiology
J McCord, S Borzak
Multifocal atrial tachycardia is typically seen in elderly patients with severe illnesses, most commonly COPD. The mechanism of the arrhythmia may be delayed afterdepolarizations leading to triggered activity, but this has not been firmly established. The initial treatment of multifocal atrial tachycardia should include supportive measures and aggressive reversal of precipitating causes. Since multifocal atrial tachycardia is commonly a secondary phenomenon, the role for antiarrhythmic therapy is unclear. Metoprolol, magnesium, and verapamil have been evaluated in a few treatment studies, and may have a role in the treatment of multifocal atrial tachycardia...
January 1998: Chest
Lakshmi Kannan, Vincent M Figueredo
A 31-year-old male smoker with diabetes mellitus presented to the emergency department with intermittent, exertional chest pain of 4 days' duration. Electrocardiography performed on arrival (Panel A) revealed anterolateral T-wave inversions with biphasic lateral T waves, which raised concern about..
January 1, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Jack C Salerno, Stephen P Seslar
Supraventricular tachycardia is the most common rhythm disturbance in children. We reviewed the spectrum of this common rhythm disorder from symptom recognition and epidemiology to management, with special attention to advancements in the available treatment options.
March 2009: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
Adaira Landry, Mark Foran, Alex Koyfman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Leonard S Lilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2013: Circulation
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