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Intestino corto

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
Tamás Cserni, Garbriella Varga, Dániel Erces, József Kaszaki, Beáta Biszku, Ildikó Guthy, Agnes László, Ferenc Dicső, Adrian Bianchi, Antonino Morabito, György Rákóczy
INTRODUCTION: In severe short bowel syndrome, as a result of the natural adaptation, the bowel becomes overdilated, this interferes with the persitalsis and may lead to stasis, bacterial translocation and sepsis. At present two techniques are used to improve peristalsis. The Bianchi procedure is technically challenging, the Serial Transverse Enteroplasty (STEP) is easy however it results in an aphysiological ultrastructure altering the orientation of the muscle fibres. Our aim was to develop an easy technique, which does not alter intestinal muscular ultrastructure dramatically...
December 2014: Magyar Sebészet
Palle B Jeppesen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The approval of teduglutide, a recombinant analog of human glucagon-like peptide (GLP) 2, by the US Food and Drug Administration (Gattex) and the European Medicines Agency (Revestive) has illustrated the potential of selected gut hormones as treatments in patients with short-bowel syndrome and intestinal failure. Gut hormones may improve the structural and functional intestinal adaptation following intestinal resection by decreasing a rapid gastric emptying and hypersecretion, by increasing the intestinal blood flow, and by promoting intestinal growth...
February 2015: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Kelly A Tappenden
The human small intestine is organized with a proximal-to-distal gradient of mucosal structure and nutrient processing capacity. However, certain nutrients undergo site-specific digestion and absorption, such as iron and folate in the duodenum/jejunum vs vitamin B12 and bile salts in the ileum. Intestinal resection can result in short bowel syndrome (SBS) due to reduction of total and/or site-specific nutrient processing areas. Depending on the segment(s) of intestine resected, malabsorption can be nutrient specific (eg, vitamin B12 or fat) or sweeping, with deficiencies in energy, protein, and various micronutrients...
May 2014: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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