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10 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Abraham Nunes Psychiatry resident interested in computational neuroscience, forensic psychiatry, and neuropsychiatry.
Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Erin D Begnel, Kathryn R Cullen
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) commonly starts in adolescence and is associated with an array of negative outcomes. Neurobiological research investigating NSSI is in its early stages and most studies have examined this behavior within the context of specific diagnoses. However, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative encourages researchers to examine brain-behavior relationships across diagnoses. This review on the neurobiology associated with NSSI is organized using the domains proposed by RDoC: Negative Valence, Positive Valence, Cognitive, Social Processes, and Arousal/Regulatory Systems...
October 2015: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Keith Hawton, Katrina G Witt, Tatiana L Taylor Salisbury, Ella Arensman, David Gunnell, Philip Hazell, Ellen Townsend, Kees van Heeringen
BACKGROUND: Self-harm (SH; intentional self-poisoning or self-injury) is common, often repeated, and strongly associated with suicide. This is an update of a broader Cochrane review on psychosocial and pharmacological treatments for deliberate SH, first published in 1998 and previously updated in 1999. We have now divided the review into three separate reviews. This review is focused on pharmacological interventions in adults who self harm. OBJECTIVES: To identify all randomised controlled trials of pharmacological agents or natural products for SH in adults, and to conduct meta-analyses (where possible) to compare the effects of specific treatments with comparison types of treatment (e...
July 6, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sarah Reitz, Rosemarie Kluetsch, Inga Niedtfeld, Teresa Knorz, Stefanie Lis, Christian Paret, Peter Kirsch, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Rolf-Detlef Treede, Ulf Baumgärtner, Martin Bohus, Christian Schmahl
BACKGROUND: Patients with borderline personality disorder frequently show non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). In these patients, NSSI often serves to reduce high levels of stress. AIMS: Investigation of neurobiological mechanisms of NSSI in borderline personality disorder. METHOD: In total, 21 women with borderline personality disorder and 17 healthy controls underwent a stress induction, followed by either an incision into the forearm or a sham treatment...
August 2015: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Marsha M Linehan, Kathryn E Korslund, Melanie S Harned, Robert J Gallop, Anita Lungu, Andrada D Neacsiu, Joshua McDavid, Katherine Anne Comtois, Angela M Murray-Gregory
IMPORTANCE: Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is an empirically supported treatment for suicidal individuals. However, DBT consists of multiple components, including individual therapy, skills training, telephone coaching, and a therapist consultation team, and little is known about which components are needed to achieve positive outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the importance of the skills training component of DBT by comparing skills training plus case management (DBT-S), DBT individual therapy plus activities group (DBT-I), and standard DBT which includes skills training and individual therapy...
May 2015: JAMA Psychiatry
Ali Al-Sharifi, Carl R Krynicki, Rachel Upthegrove
AIMS: This review will focus on the rates, clinical characteristics, risk factors and methods of self-harm and suicide in different ethnic groups in the United Kingdom, providing an update synthesis of recent literature. METHODS: Studies that met the inclusion criteria between 2003 and 2013 were reviewed using the following databases: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE and CINAHL. The methodological quality of each study was then assessed using a structured scoring system...
September 2015: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
John P Ackerman, Sandy M McBee-Strayer, Kristen Mendoza, Jack Stevens, Arielle H Sheftall, John V Campo, Jeffrey A Bridge
OBJECTIVE: Suicide among adolescents is a major public health problem. Decision-making deficits may play an important role in vulnerability to suicidal behavior, but few studies have examined decision-making performance in youth at risk for suicide. In this study, we seek to extend recent findings that adolescent suicide attempters process risk evaluations differently than adolescents who have not attempted suicide. METHODS: We assessed decision-making in 14 adolescent suicide attempters and 14 non-attempter comparison subjects, ages 15-19, using the Cambridge Gambling Task (CGT)...
March 2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Konrad Bresin, Michelle Schoenleber
Epidemiological research on the prevalence of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has found inconsistent results in terms of gender differences, with some studies showing a higher prevalence for women compared to men and other studies showing no difference. The goal of the current study was to use meta-analytic techniques to better conceptualize the presence and size of gender differences in the prevalence of NSSI. We also examined two factors proposed to explain gender differences in NSSI prevalence: the gender difference would be larger for clinical samples relative to community samples, and the gender difference would be larger for younger (versus older) samples...
June 2015: Clinical Psychology Review
Chloe A Hamza, Teena Willoughby, Taylor Heffer
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI; direct self-injury without lethal intent) often is thought to be associated with impulse control problems. Recent research, however, offers conflicting results about whether impulsivity is a risk factor for NSSI engagement. To disentangle findings on the link between impulsivity and NSSI, an extensive review of the literature was conducted using several electronic databases (i.e., PsychInfo, PsychArticles, ERIC, CINAHL, and MEDLINE). In total, 27 studies that met the specific inclusion criteria were identified...
June 2015: Clinical Psychology Review
Brianna J Turner, Sara B Austin, Alexander L Chapman
OBJECTIVE: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), the deliberate, self-inflicted damage of bodily tissue without the intent to die, is associated with various negative outcomes. Although basic and epidemiologic research on NSSI has increased during the last 2 decades, literature on effective interventions targeting NSSI is still emerging. Here, we present a comprehensive, systematic review of existing psychological and pharmacological treatments designed specifically for NSSI, or including outcome assessments examining change in NSSI...
November 2014: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
K Mikael Holma, Jari Haukka, Kirsi Suominen, Hanna M Valtonen, Outi Mantere, Tarja K Melartin, T Petteri Sokero, Maria A Oquendo, Erkki T Isometsä
OBJECTIVES: Whether risk of suicide attempts (SAs) differs between patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) is unclear. We investigated whether cumulative risk differences are due to dissimilarities in time spent in high-risk states, incidence per unit time in high-risk states, or both. METHODS: Incidence rates for SAs during various illness phases, based on prospective life charts, were compared between patients from the Jorvi Bipolar Study (n = 176; 18 months) and the Vantaa Depression Study (n = 249; five years)...
September 2014: Bipolar Disorders
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