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Reproductive psychiatry

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6 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Abraham Nunes Psychiatry resident interested in computational neuroscience, forensic psychiatry, and neuropsychiatry.
Benedicte Marie Winther Johannsen, Janne Tidselbak Larsen, Thomas Munk Laursen, Veerle Bergink, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Trine Munk-Olsen
OBJECTIVE: The postpartum period is associated with a high risk of psychiatric episodes. The authors studied mortality in women with first-onset severe psychiatric disorders following childbirth and compared their mortality rates with those in women from the background population including other female psychiatric patients (mothers and childless women). METHOD: In a register-based cohort study with linked information from Danish population registers, the authors identified women with first psychiatric inpatient or outpatient contacts 0-3 months postpartum...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Lee S Cohen, Adele C Viguera, Kathryn A McInerney, Marlene P Freeman, Alexandra Z Sosinsky, Danna Moustafa, Samantha P Marfurt, Molly A Kwiatkowski, Shannon K Murphy, Adriann M Farrell, David Chitayat, Sonia Hernández-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: Second-generation antipsychotics are used to treat a spectrum of psychiatric illnesses in reproductive-age women. The National Pregnancy Registry for Atypical Antipsychotics was established to determine the risk of major malformations among infants exposed to second-generation antipsychotics during pregnancy relative to a comparison group of unexposed infants of mothers with histories of psychiatric morbidity. METHOD: Women were prospectively followed during pregnancy and the postpartum period; obstetric, labor, delivery, and pediatric medical records were obtained...
March 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Heidi M Rivera, Kelly J Christiansen, Elinor L Sullivan
Recent evidence indicates that perinatal exposure to maternal obesity, metabolic disease, including diabetes and hypertension, and unhealthy maternal diet has a long-term impact on offspring behavior and physiology. During the past three decades, the prevalence of both obesity and neuropsychiatric disorders has rapidly increased. Epidemiologic studies provide evidence that maternal obesity and metabolic complications increase the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorders, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, eating disorders (food addiction, anorexia nervosa, and bulimia nervosa), and impairments in cognition in offspring...
2015: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Ilona S Yim, Lynlee R Tanner Stapleton, Christine M Guardino, Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, Christine Dunkel Schetter
Postpartum depression (PPD) adversely affects the health and well being of many new mothers, their infants, and their families. A comprehensive understanding of biopsychosocial precursors to PPD is needed to solidify the current evidence base for best practices in translation. We conducted a systematic review of research published from 2000 through 2013 on biological and psychosocial factors associated with PPD and postpartum depressive symptoms. Two hundred fourteen publications based on 199 investigations of 151,651 women in the first postpartum year met inclusion criteria...
2015: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
Richard A Epstein, Katherine M Moore, William V Bobo
Treating pregnant women with bipolar disorder is among the most challenging clinical endeavors. Patients and clinicians are faced with difficult choices at every turn, and no approach is without risk. Stopping effective pharmacotherapy during pregnancy exposes the patient and her baby to potential harms related to bipolar relapses and residual mood symptom-related dysfunction. Continuing effective pharmacotherapy during pregnancy may prevent these occurrences for many; however, some of the most effective pharmacotherapies (such as valproate) have been associated with the occurrence of congenital malformations or other adverse neonatal effects in offspring...
2015: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
Janice H Goodman, Kerry L Chenausky, Marlene P Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the literature on anxiety disorders during pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched through October 2013 for original research studies published in English using combinations of the terms pregnancy, prenatal, or pregnancy outcomes; anxiety disorder; and generalized anxiety. Reference lists of included studies were hand-searched and a PubMed search for in-process reports was conducted. STUDY SELECTION: Relevant studies of anxiety disorders during pregnancy as determined by diagnostic interview were included if they reported on prevalence; course, onset, and/or risk factors; maternal, obstetric, or fetal/child outcomes; and/or treatment trial results...
October 2014: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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