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Guilermo E Umpierez
Many patients admitted to the hospital have diabetes mellitus-diagnosed or undiagnosed-and others develop hyperglycemia from the stress of hospitalization. This paper discusses the prevalence, outcomes, and evidence for best management of hyperglycemia and diabetes in hospitalized patients outside the critical care setting.
June 2011: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
M Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Rodney K Edwards, Ying Tang, Greta B Raglan, Jeff M Szychowski, Jay Schulkin, Stephanie J Schrag
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate attitudes and practice patterns of obstetricians related to screening for group B streptococcal colonization and providing intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis against early-onset neonatal infections with group B streptococcus. STUDY DESIGN: We mailed a survey to 546 members of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, including members of the Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network and non-Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network members...
August 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
A Perez-Delboy, J D Wright
Abnromalities of placentation, including placenta accreta, represent a major source of morbidity and mortality among women. Traditional management consists of peripartum hysterectomy at the time of delivery, although more conservative treatments have also been developed recently. In this review we describe the available literature describing the operative approach and considerations for management of women with placenta accreta.
January 2014: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
F A Chervenak, L B McCullough, B Arabin, R L Brent, M I Levene, A Grünebaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Jillian T Henderson, Evelyn P Whitlock, Elizabeth O'Connor, Caitlyn A Senger, Jamie H Thompson, Maya G Rowland
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. PURPOSE: To systematically review benefits and harms of low-dose aspirin for preventing morbidity and mortality from preeclampsia. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, PubMed, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (January 2006 to June 2013); previous systematic reviews, clinical trial registries, and surveillance searches for large studies (June 2013 to February 2014)...
May 20, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Julie Frohlich, Christine Kettle
INTRODUCTION: More than 85% of women having a vaginal birth suffer some perineal trauma. Spontaneous tears requiring suturing are estimated to occur in at least one third of women in the UK and US. Perineal trauma can lead to long-term physical and psychological problems. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of different methods and materials for primary repair of first- and second-degree tears and episiotomies? What are the effects of different methods and materials for primary repair of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (third- and fourth-degree tears)? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to November 2013 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically, please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review)...
March 10, 2015: Clinical Evidence
Mariella Mailath-Pokorny, Stephan Polterauer, Maria Kohl, Verena Kueronyai, Katharina Worda, Georg Heinze, Martin Langer
OBJECTIVES: To construct two prediction models for individualized assessment of preterm delivery risk within 48h and before completed 32 weeks of gestation and to test the validity of modified and previously published models. STUDY DESIGN: Data on 617 consecutive women with preterm labor transferred to a tertiary care center for threatened preterm delivery between 22 and 32 weeks of gestation were analysed. Variables predicting the risk of delivery within 48h and before completed 32 weeks of gestation were assessed and applied to previously published prediction models...
March 2015: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
G Bachmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
B Martinez de Tejada, B Cerutti, T Perneger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Laura A Hart, Baha M Sibai
Seizures during pregnancy complicate <1% of all gestations; however, they are associated with increased adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes (acute and long term). The differential diagnosis of seizures in pregnancy is extensive. Determining the underlying etiology is crucial in the management of these patients. Medical providers caring for pregnant women should be educated about possible etiologies of seizures during pregnancy and the importance of prompt management of these women in a timely fashion...
August 2013: Seminars in Perinatology
Thomas J Garite, Michael P Nageotte, Julian T Parer
We challenge a provocative article entitled "Oxygen for intrauterine resuscitation: of unproved benefit and potentially harmful" by Hamel et al in the August issue of the Journal. The authors contend there is no good evidence that oxygen administration to the mother of a fetus with a concerning fetal heart rate pattern prevents acidosis and that in theory such oxygen administration may actually or potentially do harm to the fetus. It is clear that oxygen is administered quite often to women in labor, especially to those with category II fetal heart rate patterns and, because more than 80% of women in labor have these patterns and the majority of these patterns are unlikely to be associated with significant fetal hypoxia, that such oxygen administration is greatly overused...
April 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
E A McDonald, D Gartland, R Small, S J Brown
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between mode of delivery, perineal trauma and dyspareunia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Six maternity hospitals in Melbourne, Australia. SAMPLE: A total of 1507 nulliparous women recruited in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. METHOD: Data from baseline and postnatal questionnaires (3, 6, 12 and 18 months) were analysed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression...
April 2015: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Mariam Naqvi, Anjali Kaimal
With the advent of routine obstetrical ultrasound, the diagnosis of an adnexal mass in pregnancy has become increasingly common. Although the reported incidence and expected clinical course varies based on the gestational age at the time of diagnosis and the criteria used to define an adnexal mass, the majority of adnexal masses diagnosed in pregnancy are benign and are likely to resolve without complication or intervention. This review will discuss the epidemiology of adnexal masses in pregnancy, diagnostic tools, potential complications, and management options during pregnancy...
March 2015: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Laura Brouwers, Maria P H Koster, Godelieve C M L Page-Christiaens, Hans Kemperman, Janine Boon, Inge M Evers, Auke Bogte, Martijn A Oudijk
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between pregnancy outcome and bile acid (BA) levels in pregnancies that were affected by intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). In addition, correlations between maternal and fetal BA levels were explored. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective study that included women with pruritus and BA levels ≥10 μmol/L between January 2005 and August 2012 in 3 large hospitals in the Netherlands...
January 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Roberto Romero, Kypros Nicolaides, Agustin Conde-Agudelo, Ann Tabor, John M O'Brien, Elcin Cetingoz, Eduardo Da Fonseca, George W Creasy, Katharina Klein, Line Rode, Priya Soma-Pillay, Shalini Fusey, Cetin Cam, Zarko Alfirevic, Sonia S Hassan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of vaginal progesterone in asymptomatic women with a sonographic short cervix (≤ 25 mm) in the midtrimester reduces the risk of preterm birth and improves neonatal morbidity and mortality. STUDY DESIGN: Individual patient data metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials. RESULTS: Five trials of high quality were included with a total of 775 women and 827 infants. Treatment with vaginal progesterone was associated with a significant reduction in the rate of preterm birth <33 weeks (relative risk [RR], 0...
February 2012: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ellen L Mozurkewich, Julie L Chilimigras, Deborah R Berman, Uma C Perni, Vivian C Romero, Valerie J King, Kristie L Keeton
BACKGROUND: Rates of labour induction are increasing. We conducted this systematic review to assess the evidence supporting use of each method of labour induction. METHODS: We listed methods of labour induction then reviewed the evidence supporting each. We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library between 1980 and November 2010 using multiple terms and combinations, including labor, induced/or induction of labor, prostaglandin or prostaglandins, misoprostol, Cytotec, 16,16,-dimethylprostaglandin E2 or E2, dinoprostone; Prepidil, Cervidil, Dinoprost, Carboprost or hemabate; prostin, oxytocin, misoprostol, membrane sweeping or membrane stripping, amniotomy, balloon catheter or Foley catheter, hygroscopic dilators, laminaria, dilapan, saline injection, nipple stimulation, intercourse, acupuncture, castor oil, herbs...
2011: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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