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Drug side effects

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14 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
Jihye Kim, Jaeyoung Chun, Jae Yong Park, Seung Wook Hong, Joo Young Lee, Jin Woo Kang, Seongjun Hwang, Sang-Bae Ko, Jong Pil Im, Joo Sung Kim
Metronidazole is a widely used antibiotic for the treatment of anaerobic bacterial infections. Metronidazole-induced encephalopathy (MIEP) is a rare but potentially reversible disease. The mechanism of MIEP remains unclear, and differences in the neurotoxic effects of oral versus intravenous (IV) metronidazole administration have not yet been determined. We report the case of a Crohn's disease (CD) patient who experienced encephalopathy immediately after a single IV dose of metronidazole following long-term exposure to the oral form of the drug...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
Uriel Katz, Gisele Zandman-Goddard
PURPOSE: To review and update drug-induced lupus (DIL) with emphasis on the characteristics of anti-TNF-induced lupus. RESULTS: DIL is an autoimmune phenomenon triggered by a given drug and resulting in a syndrome sharing several features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Drugs like procainamide and hydralazine have been strongly associated with the development of DIL. During the past years several cases of DIL related to biologic therapy with anti-TNF drugs were reported...
November 2010: Autoimmunity Reviews
Ian A Scott, Sarah N Hilmer, Emily Reeve, Kathleen Potter, David Le Couteur, Deborah Rigby, Danijela Gnjidic, Christopher B Del Mar, Elizabeth E Roughead, Amy Page, Jesse Jansen, Jennifer H Martin
Inappropriate polypharmacy, especially in older people, imposes a substantial burden of adverse drug events, ill health, disability, hospitalization, and even death. The single most important predictor of inappropriate prescribing and risk of adverse drug events in older patients is the number of prescribed drugs. Deprescribing is the process of tapering or stopping drugs, aimed at minimizing polypharmacy and improving patient outcomes. Evidence of efficacy for deprescribing is emerging from randomized trials and observational studies...
May 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Reza Heidari, Hossein Niknahad, Akram Jamshidzadeh, Mohammad Ali Eghbal, Narges Abdoli
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a major problem for pharmaceutical industry and drug development. Mechanisms of DILI are many and varied. Elucidating the mechanisms of DILI will allow clinicians to prevent liver failure, need for liver transplantation, and death induced by drugs. Methimazole and propylthiouracil (PTU) are two convenient antithyroid agents which their administration is accompanied by hepatotoxicity as a deleterious side effect. Although several cases of antithyroid drugs-induced liver injury are reported, there is no clear idea about the mechanism(s) of hepatotoxicity induced by these medications...
March 2015: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Kiran Nasir, Aasim Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia is one of the most dreadful complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Medical management includes use of cation exchange resins to reduce the amount of excessive potassium from the body. Sodium polystyrene sulphonate (SPS) and calcium polystyrene sulphonate (CPS) are currently used for hyperklemia of CKD all over the world. The objective was to compare the efficacy and safety of two different cation exchange resins (CPS and SPS) in patients of CKD with hyperkalemia...
October 2014: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Sarah R Heisig, Meike C Shedden-Mora, Pablo Hidalgo, Yvonne Nestoriuc
OBJECTIVE: Informing patients about medical treatments and their possible side effects is ethically and legally obligatory but may trigger negative expectations and nocebo-related side effects. This pilot study aims to investigate the effect of different informed consent procedures on treatment expectations for adjuvant breast cancer treatments (Study 1: endocrine therapy; Study 2: chemotherapy). METHOD: Using an experimental 2-factorial design, healthy women were informed about endocrine therapy (n = 60) or chemotherapy (n = 64) within a hypothetical scenario...
October 2015: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Phillippa M Cumberland, Isabelle Russell-Eggitt, Jugnoo S Rahi
UNLABELLED: As visual impairment (VI) due to adverse drug reactions (ADR) is rare in adults and children, there is an incomplete evidence base to inform guidance for screening and for counseling patients on the potential risks of medications. We report on suspected drugs and the eye conditions found in a national study of incidence of diagnosis of visual impairment due to suspected ADR. Case ascertainment was via the British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit (BOSU), between March 2010 and February 2012, with follow-up after 6 months...
February 2015: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
Verica Pavlic, Nina Zubovic, Sanja Ilic, Tijana Adamovic
Amlodipine is a third generation dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker that is frequently used in therapy of hypertension. Among many side effects, amlodipine has been found associated with gingival overgrowth (GO) which usually occurs within the first three months of starting therapy at a dose of 10 mg/day. However, there are very few reports on amlodipine-induced gingival overgrowth (AIGO) at a lower dose (5 mg/day) and only after short term administration. A 64-year-old male patient with hypertension, who received amlodipine (5 mg/day) for four years, sought medical attention at the Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine, Institute of Dentistry, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina...
2015: Case Reports in Dentistry
Teresa J Hudson, John C Fortney, Jeffrey M Pyne, Liya Lu, Dinesh Mittal
OBJECTIVE: Antidepressants are effective for treating depression, and collaborative care increases initiation of and adherence to antidepressants. Side effects of antidepressants are common and can adversely affect quality of life. Care managers address antidepressant side effects directly, but the impact of collaborative care on adverse effects is unknown. This secondary data analysis tested the hypothesis that patient-reported antidepressant side effects were lower for depressed patients receiving high-intensity, telemedicine-based collaborative care (TBCC) than for patients receiving low-intensity, practice-based collaborative care (PBCC)...
March 1, 2015: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Cameron Y S Lee, Jon B Suzuki
Osteonecrosis of the jaws is a commonly reported side effect with patients prescribed oral antiresorptive medications to treat osteoporosis and osteopenia. Oral antiresorptive agents are considered as the standard of care for the prevention and treatment of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Because of patient's noncompliance of the antiresorptive medications, which may require once-weekly or once-monthly oral ingestion, a new once a year intravenous (IV) infusion of zoledronic acid was recently introduced in the management of osteoporosis...
April 2015: Implant Dentistry
D Italiano, F Italiano, C Genovese, R S Calabrò
Nocturnal enuresis is a common disorder in childhood, but its pathophysiological mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. Iatrogenic nocturnal enuresis has been described following treatment with several psychotropic medications. Herein, we describe a 6-year-old child who experienced nocturnal enuresis during treatment with the antihistamine cetirizine. Drug rechallenge was positive. Several neurotransmitters are implicated in the pathogenesis of nocturnal enuresis, including noradrenaline, serotonin and dopamine...
April 2015: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
János Tajti, Zsófia Majláth, Délia Szok, Anett Csáti, László Vécsei
INTRODUCTION: A number of drugs are available for acute migraine treatment, but they are not all effective for all patients and all attacks. The safety profiles of migraine drugs limit their use in patients with certain comorbid conditions, and adverse effects may also reduce the level of patient compliance. AREAS COVERED: The different types of acute migraine drugs are discussed, with particular regard to safety issues and potential adverse effects. The frequent use of analgesics, ergot alkaloids and triptans may result in the development of medication overuse headache (MOH)...
June 2015: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Alban Shoshi, Tobias Hoppe, Benjamin Kormeier, Venus Ogultarhan, Ralf Hofestädt
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug reactions are one of the most common causes of death in industrialized Western countries. Nowadays, empirical data from clinical studies for the approval and monitoring of drugs and molecular databases is available. METHODS: The integration of database information is a promising method for providing well-based knowledge to avoid adverse drug reactions. This paper presents our web-based decision support system GraphSAW which analyzes and evaluates drug interactions and side effects based on data from two commercial and two freely available molecular databases...
December 2015: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Thomas J Moore, Joseph Glenmullen, Donald R Mattison
IMPORTANCE: Severe impulse control disorders involving pathological gambling, hypersexuality, and compulsive shopping have been reported in association with the use of dopamine receptor agonist drugs in case series and retrospective patient surveys. These agents are used to treat Parkinson disease, restless leg syndrome, and hyperprolactinemia. OBJECTIVES: To analyze serious adverse drug event reports about these impulse control disorders received by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and to assess the relationship of these case reports with the 6 FDA-approved dopamine receptor agonist drugs...
December 2014: JAMA Internal Medicine
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