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Critical care

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Jilske A Huijben, Mathieu van der Jagt, Maryse C Cnossen, Marieke J H A Kruip, Iain K Haitsma, Nino Stocchetti, Andrew I R Maas, David K Menon, Ari Ercole, Marc Maegele, Simon J Stanworth, Giuseppe Citerio, Suzanne Polinder, Ewout W Steyerberg, Hester F Lingsma
Our aim was to describe current approaches and to quantify variability between European intensive care units (ICUs) in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Therefore, we conducted a provider profiling survey as part of the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) study. The ICU Questionnaire was sent to 68 centers from 20 countries across Europe and Israel. For this study, we used ICU questions focused on 1) hemoglobin target level (Hb-TL), 2) coagulation management, and 3) deep venous thromboembolism (DVT) prophylaxis...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
Na Wang, Li Jiang, Bo Zhu, Ying Wen, Xiu-Ming Xi
INTRODUCTION: Early and aggressive volume resuscitation is fundamental in the treatment of hemodynamic instability in critically ill patients and improves patient survival. However, one important consequence of fluid administration is the risk of developing fluid overload (FO), which is associated with increased mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated the impact of fluid balance on mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with AKI. METHODS: The data were extracted from the Beijing Acute Kidney Injury Trial...
October 23, 2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
P Marik, R Bellomo
Aggressive fluid resuscitation to achieve a central venous pressure (CVP) greater than 8 mm Hg has been promoted as the standard of care, in the management of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. However recent clinical trials have demonstrated that this approach does not improve the outcome of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Pathophysiologically, sepsis is characterized by vasoplegia with loss of arterial tone, venodilation with sequestration of blood in the unstressed blood compartment and changes in ventricular function with reduced compliance and reduced preload responsiveness...
March 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Bandarn Suetrong, Keith R Walley
Increased blood lactate concentration (hyperlactatemia) and lactic acidosis (hyperlactatemia and serum pH < 7.35) are common in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In some patients, most of the lactate that is produced in shock states is due to inadequate oxygen delivery resulting in tissue hypoxia and causing anaerobic glycolysis. However, lactate formation during sepsis is not entirely related to tissue hypoxia or reversible by increasing oxygen delivery...
January 2016: Chest
J Michael Brewer, Michael A Puskarich, Alan E Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Daniel Agustin Godoy, Gustavo Rene Piñero, Patricia Koller, Luca Masotti, Mario Di Napoli
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage is a type of stroke associated with poor outcomes. Mortality is elevated, especially in the acute phase. From a pathophysiological point of view the bleeding must traverse different stages dominated by the possibility of re-bleeding, edema, intracranial hypertension, inflammation and neurotoxicity due to blood degradation products, mainly hemoglobin and thrombin. Neurological deterioration and death are common in early hours, so it is a true neurological-neurosurgical emergency...
August 4, 2015: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Michael Klompas
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released ventilator-associated event (VAE) definitions in 2013. The new definitions were designed to track episodes of sustained respiratory deterioration in mechanically ventilated patients after a period of stability or improvement. More than 2,000 U.S. hospitals have reported their VAE rates to the CDC, but there has been little guidance to date on how to prevent VAEs. Existing ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention bundles are unlikely to be optimal insofar as pneumonia accounts for only a minority of VAEs...
December 15, 2015: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Bruno Levy, Olivier Bastien, Bendjelid Karim, Karim Benjelid, Alain Cariou, Tahar Chouihed, Alain Combes, Alexandre Mebazaa, Bruno Megarbane, Patrick Plaisance, Alexandre Ouattara, Christian Spaulding, Christian Splaulding, Jean-Louis Teboul, Fabrice Vanhuyse, Thierry Boulain, Kaldoun Kuteifan
Unlike for septic shock, there are no specific international recommendations regarding the management of cardiogenic shock (CS) in critically ill patients. We present herein recommendations for the management of cardiogenic shock in adults, developed with the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system by an expert group of the French-Language Society of Intensive Care (Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF)), with the participation the French Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SFAR), the French Cardiology Society (SFC), the French Emergency Medicine Society (SFMU), and the French Society of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (SFCTCV)...
December 2015: Annals of Intensive Care
Ravi G Gupta, Sarah M Hartigan, Markos G Kashiouris, Curtis N Sessler, Gonzalo M L Bearman
Severe sepsis and septic shock are among the leading causes of mortality in the intensive care unit. Over a decade ago, early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) emerged as a novel approach for reducing sepsis mortality and was incorporated into guidelines published by the international Surviving Sepsis Campaign. In addition to requiring early detection of sepsis and prompt initiation of antibiotics, the EGDT protocol requires invasive patient monitoring to guide resuscitation with intravenous fluids, vasopressors, red cell transfusions, and inotropes...
August 28, 2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Michael Gottlieb, John Bailitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Christopher W McIntyre, David J Goldsmith
Abnormalities of cognitive function and high levels of depression incidence are characteristic of hemodialysis patients. Although previously attributed to the humoral effects of uremia, it is becoming increasingly appreciated that many elements of the overall disease state in CKD patients contribute to functional disturbances and physical brain injury. These factors range from those associated with the underlying primary diseases (cardiovascular, diabetes etc.) to those specifically associated with the requirement for dialysis (including consequences of the hemodialysis process itself)...
June 2015: Kidney International
Lars B Holst, Nicolai Haase, Jørn Wetterslev, Jan Wernerman, Anne B Guttormsen, Sari Karlsson, Pär I Johansson, Anders Aneman, Marianne L Vang, Robert Winding, Lars Nebrich, Helle L Nibro, Bodil S Rasmussen, Johnny R M Lauridsen, Jane S Nielsen, Anders Oldner, Ville Pettilä, Maria B Cronhjort, Lasse H Andersen, Ulf G Pedersen, Nanna Reiter, Jørgen Wiis, Jonathan O White, Lene Russell, Klaus J Thornberg, Peter B Hjortrup, Rasmus G Müller, Morten H Møller, Morten Steensen, Inga Tjäder, Kristina Kilsand, Suzanne Odeberg-Wernerman, Brit Sjøbø, Helle Bundgaard, Maria A Thyø, David Lodahl, Rikke Mærkedahl, Carsten Albeck, Dorte Illum, Mary Kruse, Per Winkel, Anders Perner
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusions are frequently given to patients with septic shock. However, the benefits and harms of different hemoglobin thresholds for transfusion have not been established. METHODS: In this multicenter, parallel-group trial, we randomly assigned patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who had septic shock and a hemoglobin concentration of 9 g per deciliter or less to receive 1 unit of leukoreduced red cells when the hemoglobin level was 7 g per deciliter or less (lower threshold) or when the level was 9 g per deciliter or less (higher threshold) during the ICU stay...
October 9, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
Arthur R H van Zanten, François Sztark, Udo X Kaisers, Siegfried Zielmann, Thomas W Felbinger, Armin R Sablotzki, Jan J De Waele, Jean-François Timsit, Marina L H Honing, Didier Keh, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jean-Fabien Zazzo, Harvey B M Fijn, Laurent Petit, Jean-Charles Preiser, Peter J van Horssen, Zandrie Hofman
IMPORTANCE: Enteral administration of immune-modulating nutrients (eg, glutamine, omega-3 fatty acids, selenium, and antioxidants) has been suggested to reduce infections and improve recovery from critical illness. However, controversy exists on the use of immune-modulating enteral nutrition, reflected by lack of consensus in guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether high-protein enteral nutrition enriched with immune-modulating nutrients (IMHP) reduces the incidence of infections compared with standard high-protein enteral nutrition (HP) in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients...
August 6, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Henry E Wang, Robert H Schmicker, Heather Herren, Siobhan Brown, John P Donnelly, Randal Gray, Sally Ragsdale, Andrew Gleeson, Adam Byers, Jamie Jasti, Christina Aguirre, Pam Owens, Joe Condle, Brian Leroux
OBJECTIVES: New chest compression detection technology allows for the recording and graphical depiction of clinical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) chest compressions. The authors sought to determine the inter-rater reliability of chest compression pattern classifications by human raters. Agreement with automated chest compression classification was also evaluated by computer analysis. METHODS: This was an analysis of chest compression patterns from cardiac arrest patients enrolled in the ongoing Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Continuous Chest Compressions Trial...
February 2015: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Michael Klompas, Deverick Anderson, William Trick, Hilary Babcock, Meeta Prasad Kerlin, Lingling Li, Ronda Sinkowitz-Cochran, E Wesley Ely, John Jernigan, Shelley Magill, Rosie Lyles, Caroline O'Neil, Barrett T Kitch, Ellen Arrington, Michele C Balas, Ken Kleinman, Christina Bruce, Julie Lankiewicz, Michael V Murphy, Christopher E Cox, Ebbing Lautenbach, Daniel Sexton, Victoria Fraser, Robert A Weinstein, Richard Platt
RATIONALE: The CDC introduced ventilator-associated event (VAE) definitions in January 2013. Little is known about VAE prevention. We hypothesized that daily, coordinated spontaneous awakening trials (SATs) and spontaneous breathing trials (SBTs) might prevent VAEs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the preventability of VAEs. METHODS: We nested a multicenter quality improvement collaborative within a prospective study of VAE surveillance among 20 intensive care units between November 2011 and May 2013...
February 1, 2015: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Paolo Navalesi, Federico Longhini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Compared with the conventional forms of partial support, neurally adjusted ventilatory assist was repeatedly shown to improve patient-ventilator synchrony and reduce the risk of overassistance, while guaranteeing adequate inspiratory effort and gas exchange. A few animal studies also suggested the potential of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in averting the risk of ventilator-induced lung injury. Recent work adds new information on the physiological effects of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist...
February 2015: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Laurent Papazian, Jean-Marie Forel, Arnaud Gacouin, Christine Penot-Ragon, Gilles Perrin, Anderson Loundou, Samir Jaber, Jean-Michel Arnal, Didier Perez, Jean-Marie Seghboyan, Jean-Michel Constantin, Pierre Courant, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Claude Guérin, Gwenaël Prat, Sophie Morange, Antoine Roch
BACKGROUND: In patients undergoing mechanical ventilation for the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), neuromuscular blocking agents may improve oxygenation and decrease ventilator-induced lung injury but may also cause muscle weakness. We evaluated clinical outcomes after 2 days of therapy with neuromuscular blocking agents in patients with early, severe ARDS. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind trial, 340 patients presenting to the intensive care unit (ICU) with an onset of severe ARDS within the previous 48 hours were randomly assigned to receive, for 48 hours, either cisatracurium besylate (178 patients) or placebo (162 patients)...
September 16, 2010: New England Journal of Medicine
Michael P Casaer, Dieter Mesotten, Greet Hermans, Pieter J Wouters, Miet Schetz, Geert Meyfroidt, Sophie Van Cromphaut, Catherine Ingels, Philippe Meersseman, Jan Muller, Dirk Vlasselaers, Yves Debaveye, Lars Desmet, Jasperina Dubois, Aime Van Assche, Simon Vanderheyden, Alexander Wilmer, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists about the timing of the initiation of parenteral nutrition in critically ill adults in whom caloric targets cannot be met by enteral nutrition alone. METHODS: In this randomized, multicenter trial, we compared early initiation of parenteral nutrition (European guidelines) with late initiation (American and Canadian guidelines) in adults in the intensive care unit (ICU) to supplement insufficient enteral nutrition. In 2312 patients, parenteral nutrition was initiated within 48 hours after ICU admission (early-initiation group), whereas in 2328 patients, parenteral nutrition was not initiated before day 8 (late-initiation group)...
August 11, 2011: New England Journal of Medicine
Paul M Palevsky, Jane Hongyuan Zhang, Theresa Z O'Connor, Glenn M Chertow, Susan T Crowley, Devasmita Choudhury, Kevin Finkel, John A Kellum, Emil Paganini, Roland M H Schein, Mark W Smith, Kathleen M Swanson, B Taylor Thompson, Anitha Vijayan, Suzanne Watnick, Robert A Star, Peter Peduzzi
BACKGROUND: The optimal intensity of renal-replacement therapy in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury is controversial. METHODS: We randomly assigned critically ill patients with acute kidney injury and failure of at least one nonrenal organ or sepsis to receive intensive or less intensive renal-replacement therapy. The primary end point was death from any cause by day 60. In both study groups, hemodynamically stable patients underwent intermittent hemodialysis, and hemodynamically unstable patients underwent continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration or sustained low-efficiency dialysis...
July 3, 2008: New England Journal of Medicine
Katy H Gallop, Cicely E P Kerr, Annabel Nixon, Lara Verdian, Joseph B Barney, Richard J Beale
OBJECTIVES: To explore and describe the subjective experiences and long-term impact of severe sepsis on survivors of severe sepsis and their informal caregivers (e.g., spouse or family member) through qualitative research methods. DESIGN: A qualitative exploratory study using semi-structured interviews with survivors of severe sepsis and their informal caregivers in the United Kingdom and United States. Participants also completed a demographic background form and sites provided medical history details...
February 2015: Critical Care Medicine
2015-02-01 12:56:12
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