Read by QxMD icon Read

Gen surg

shared collection
12 papers 0 to 25 followers
Maoxing Liu, Hong Qu, Zhaode Bu, Donglai Chen, Beihai Jiang, Ming Cui, Jiadi Xing, Hong Yang, Zaozao Wang, Jiabo Di, Lei Chen, Chenghai Zhang, Zhendan Yao, Nan Zhang, Fei Tan, Jin Gu, Ziyu Li, Xiangqian Su
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer nomogram designed by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) is an online prediction tool to predict overall survival for individual patient after curative resection. However, this model was never externally validated. We evaluated the accuracy of this nomogram in an independent external Chinese cohort. METHODS: Clinical data from 1005 patients who underwent primary curative-intent surgery at Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute between 1996 and 2008 were used for external validation...
November 2015: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Carolyn Hall, Mandar Karhade, Barbara Laubacher, Amber Anderson, Henry Kuerer, Sarah DeSynder, Anthony Lucci
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by a lack of estrogen and progesterone receptor expression and HER-2 gene amplification. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can be identified in 25 % of nonmetastatic breast cancer patients, and the identification of ≥1 CTC predicts outcome. This study was designed to determine whether CTCs present after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) predicted worse outcome in nonmetastatic TNBC patients. METHODS: CTCs were assessed in 57 TNBC patients with nonmetastatic TNBC after the completion of NACT...
December 2015: Annals of Surgical Oncology
John Rose, Ralitza P Parina, Omar Faiz, David C Chang, Mark A Talamini
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the long-term outcomes of diverticulitis and to apply the findings to current practice patterns. BACKGROUND: The long-term morbidity and mortality of diverticulitis are not well defined. Current practice guidelines for diverticulitis are based on limited evidence. METHODS: The California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development database was queried for longitudinal observations across all hospitals from 1995 to 2009...
December 2015: Annals of Surgery
Arden M Morris, Scott E Regenbogen, Karin M Hardiman, Samantha Hendren
IMPORTANCE: Diverticulitis is a common disease. Recent changes in understanding its natural history have substantially modified treatment paradigms. OBJECTIVE: To review the etiology and natural history of diverticulitis and recent changes in treatment guidelines. EVIDENCE REVIEW: We searched the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases for English-language articles pertaining to diagnosis and management of diverticulitis published between January 1, 2000, and March 31, 2013...
January 15, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Benjamin M Howard, Lucy Z Kornblith, Carolyn M Hendrickson, Brittney J Redick, Amanda S Conroy, Mary F Nelson, Rachael A Callcut, Carolyn S Calfee, Mitchell Jay Cohen
BACKGROUND: Acute lung injury following trauma remains a significant source of morbidity and mortality. Although multiple trauma studies have used hypoxemia without radiographic adjudication as a surrogate for identifying adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) cases, the differences between patients with hypoxemia alone and those with radiographically confirmed ARDS are not well described in the literature. We hypothesized that nonhypoxemic, hypoxemic, and ARDS patients represent distinct groups with unique characteristics and predictors...
April 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Stephen W Davies, Kenji L Leonard, Randall K Falls, Ronald P Mageau, Jimmy T Efird, Joseph P Hollowell, Wayne E Trainor, Hilal A Kanaan, Robert C Hickner, Robert G Sawyer, Nathaniel R Poulin, Brett H Waibel, Eric A Toschlog
BACKGROUND: Concomitant lung/brain traumatic injury results in significant morbidity and mortality. Lung protective ventilation (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network [ARDSNet]) has become the standard for managing adult respiratory distress syndrome; however, the resulting permissive hypercapnea may compound traumatic brain injury. Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) offers an alternative strategy for the management of this patient population. APRV was hypothesized to retard the progression of acute lung/brain injury to a degree greater than ARDSNet in a swine model...
February 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Jerry A Rubano, Michael F Paccione, Daniel N Rutigliano, James A Vosswinkel, Jane E McCormack, Emily C Huang, Jie Yang, Marc J Shapiro, Randeep S Jawa
BACKGROUND: The care of mechanically ventilated patients at high-volume centers in select nontrauma populations has variable effects on outcomes. We evaluated outcomes for trauma patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV). We further hypothesized that the higher mechanical ventilator volume trauma center would have better outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review of a county's trauma registry was performed for trauma patients who were at least 18 years old admitted from 2006 to 2010...
February 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Mary J Edwards, Michael B Lustik, Margaret E Clark, Kevin M Creamer, David Tuggle
BACKGROUND: Component balanced resuscitation and avoidance of crystalloids in traumatically injured adults requiring massive transfusion are beneficial. Evidence for children is lacking. METHODS: After institutional review board approval was obtained, the Department of Defense Trauma Database identified 1,311 injured children 14 years or younger requiring transfusion after an injury and admitted to a deployed US military hospital from 2002 to 2012. Logistic regression determined risk factors for high-volume (≥40 mL/kg) or massive (≥70 mL/kg) transfusions...
February 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Joshua B Brown, Mark L Gestring, Raquel M Forsythe, Nicole A Stassen, Timothy R Billiar, Andrew B Peitzman, Jason L Sperry
BACKGROUND: Undertriage is a concern in geriatric patients. The National Trauma Triage Protocol (NTTP) recognized that systolic blood pressure (SBP) less than 110 mm Hg may represent shock in those older than 65 years. The objective was to evaluate the impact of substituting an SBP of less than 110 mm Hg for the current SBP of less than 90 mm Hg criterion within the NTTP on triage performance and mortality. METHODS: Subjects undergoing scene transport in the National Trauma Data Bank (2010-2012) were included...
February 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Matthew V Benns, Michael E Egger, Brian G Harbrecht, Glen A Franklin, Jason W Smith, Keith R Miller, Nicholas A Nash, J David Richardson
BACKGROUND: Tube thoracostomy is a common procedure used in the management of thoracic trauma. Traditional teaching suggests that chest tubes should be directed in specific locations to improve function. Common examples include anterior and superior placement for pneumothorax, inferior and posterior placement for hemothorax, and avoidance of the pulmonary fissure. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of specific chest tube position on subsequent chest tube function. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing tube thoracostomy for trauma from January 1, 2010, to September 30, 2012, was performed...
February 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
David R King
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Journal of Trauma
Ralitza P Parina, David C Chang, John A Rose, Mark A Talamini
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmissions are an increasing focus of health care policy. This study explores the association between 30-day readmissions and 30-day mortality for surgical procedures. STUDY DESIGN: California longitudinal statewide data from 1995 to 2009 were analyzed for 7 complex procedures: abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, aortic valve replacement, bariatric surgery, coronary artery bypass grafting, esophagectomy, pancreatectomy, and percutaneous coronary intervention...
February 2015: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"