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Delerium treatment

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Yoanna Skrobik, Matthew S Duprey, Nicholas S Hill, John W Devlin
RATIONALE: Dexmedetomidine is associated with less delirium than benzodiazepines and better sleep architecture than either benzodiazepines or propofol; its effect on delirium and sleep when administered at night to patients requiring sedation remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine if nocturnal dexmedetomidine prevents delirium and improves sleep in critically ill adults. METHODS: This two-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial randomized 100 delirium-free critically ill adults receiving sedatives to receive nocturnal (9:30 p...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Edward Litton, Vanessa Carnegie, Rosalind Elliott, Steve A R Webb
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of earplugs as an ICU strategy for reducing delirium. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of controlled trials were searched using the terms "intensive care," "critical care," "earplugs," "sleep," "sleep disorders," and "delirium." STUDY SELECTION: Intervention studies (randomized or nonrandomized) assessing the efficacy of earplugs as a sleep hygiene strategy in patients admitted to a critical care environment were included...
May 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Laura Pasin, Giovanni Landoni, Pasquale Nardelli, Alessandro Belletti, Ambra Licia Di Prima, Daiana Taddeo, Francesca Isella, Alberto Zangrillo
OBJECTIVES: Delirium frequently is observed in critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) and is associated strongly with a poor outcome. Dexmedetomidine seems to reduce time to extubation and ICU stay without detrimental effects on mortality. The objective of the authors' study was to evaluate the effect of this drug on delirium, agitation, and confusion in the ICU setting. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of all the randomized clinical trials ever performed on dexmedetomidine versus any comparator in the ICU setting...
December 2014: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
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