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By Inessa Yurtsev RN graduated in 2008 from SFSU with Bachelor degree in nursing. I work at Kaiser Santa Clara hospital on medical surgical floor. I plan to go to Grad school
S Z Ali, S Srinivasan, W C G Peh
Necrotizing fasciitis is a life-threatening soft-tissue infection of bacterial origin, which involves mainly the deep fascia. Early recognition of this condition may be hampered by the uncommon nature of the disease and non-specificity of initial clinical signs and symptoms in less fulminant cases, making the role of imaging important. MRI is the most useful imaging modality in the diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis. The presence of thick (>3 mm) hyperintense signal in the deep fascia (particularly intermuscular fascia) on fat-suppressed T2 weighted or short tau inversion-recovery images is an important marker for necrotizing fasciitis...
January 2014: British Journal of Radiology
T Goh, L G Goh, C H Ang, C H Wong
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressing skin infection characterized by necrosis of the fascia and subcutaneous tissue, accompanied by severe systemic toxicity. The objective of this systematic review was to identify clinical features and investigations that will aid early diagnosis. METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed was undertaken using the keywords 'necrotising fasciitis', 'necrotising skin infection', 'diagnosis' and 'outcome'...
January 2014: British Journal of Surgery
Ammar A Chaudhry, Kevin S Baker, Elaine S Gould, Rajarsi Gupta
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the imaging features of necrotizing fasciitis and its potential mimics. Key imaging features are emphasized to enable accurate and efficient interpretation of variables that are essential in appropriate management. CONCLUSION: Necrotizing fasciitis is a medical emergency with potential lethal outcome. Dissecting gas along fascial planes in the absence of penetrating trauma (including iatrogenic) is essentially pathognomonic...
January 2015: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
J Sifuentes-Osornio, A Macías, R I Amieva, A Ramos, G M Ruiz-Palacios
Oral ciprofloxacin has been shown to be effective in the treatment of infections due to gram-positive cocci and gram-negative rods. The efficacy and safety of intravenous ciprofloxacin was compared with that of intravenous ceftazidime in the treatment of 59 patients with well-documented serious infections in a prospective, controlled, randomized study with a third-party blinding. Thirty-three patients were treated with intravenous ciprofloxacin (200 mg every 12 hours, plus a daily extra placebo dose); 26 patients were treated with ceftazidime (1 g every eight hours)...
November 30, 1989: American Journal of Medicine
M P Weinstein, L B Reller
Fifty-one episodes of bacteremia and a single episode of fungemia occurred during treatment with seemingly adequate doses of appropriate antibiotics. Clinical findings in these "breakthrough" bacteremias and fungemia were compared with those in 448 non-breakthrough episodes. Breakthrough was more likely to be caused by facultative or aerobic gram-negative rods (e.g., Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas species) than by anaerobes. Of the underlying conditions examined, immunosuppressive doses of glucocorticosteroids, diabetes mellitus, and moderate renal failure were significantly more frequent in patients with breakthrough...
February 1984: American Journal of Medicine
A Piccinno, A Pagliarulo
Urinary tract infections (UTI) due to gram-positive bacteria are fairly uncommon. In order to investigate the efficacy of treatment for UTI secondary to gram-positive rods, we performed a non-comparative study on the effect of cefotaxime in 64 patients with gram-positive UTI. Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to cephalosporins and penicillin as well as patients who had received antibiotic treatment within 48 hours after the administration of cefotaxime, patients with hepatic disease and patients with fatal progressive disease were excluded from the study...
1985: Infection
Vered Schechner, Vandack Nobre, Keith S Kaye, Moshe Leshno, Michael Giladi, Peter Rohner, Stephan Harbarth, Deverick J Anderson, Adolf W Karchmer, Mitchell J Schwaber, Yehuda Carmeli
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an uncommon cause of community-acquired bacteremia among patients without severe immunodeficiency. Because tension exists between the need to limit unnecessary use of anti-pseudomonal agents and the need to avoid a delay in appropriate therapy, clinicians require better guidance regarding when to cover empirically for P. aeruginosa. We sought to determine the occurrence of and construct a model to predict P. aeruginosa bacteremia upon hospital admission...
March 1, 2009: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Lillian S Kao, Darrell Boone, Rodney J Mason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2013: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Cynthia Santos, Stephen Alerhand, Alex Koyfman
There is insufficient evidence to show clinically meaningful differences between antibiotics for group A beta hemolytic streptococci tonsillopharyngitis. Penicillin or amoxicillin is recommended as first choice, given the absence of resistance and low cost.
May 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Wendy M Chung, Christen M Buseman, Sibeso N Joyner, Sonya M Hughes, Thomas B Fomby, James P Luby, Robert W Haley
IMPORTANCE: After progressive declines over recent years, in 2012 West Nile virus epidemics resurged nationwide, with the greatest number of cases centered in Dallas County, Texas. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiologic, meteorologic, and geospatial features of the 2012 Dallas West Nile virus epidemic to guide future prevention efforts. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Public health surveillance of Dallas County, an area of 2257 km2 and population of 2...
July 17, 2013: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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